Thomas Jonathan Burrill

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Thomas Jonathan Burrill (1839-1916).

Thomas Jonathan Burrill (April 25, 1839 – April 14, 1916) was an American botanist who first discovered bacterial causes for plant disease.[1] He introduced Erwinia amylovora (called by him Micrococcus amylovorus) as the causal agent of pear fire blight.

Born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, he graduated Illinois State Normal University in 1865.[2] In 1868, he was elected professor of botany and horticulture at University of Illinois and remained there the rest of his career, eventually serving as Vice President in 1882.[3]


  1. ^ "Thomas Jonathan Burrill: April 25, 1839-April 14, 1916". Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 35 (4): pp. 269–270. Oct 1916. 
  2. ^ "BURRILL, Thomas Jonathan". The International Who's Who in the World: p. 213. 1912. 
  3. ^ Smith, Erwin F. (May 1916). "In Memoriam: Thomas Jonathan Burrill". Journal of Bacteriology 1 (3): 269.b2–271. PMC 378653. 
  4. ^ "Author Query for 'Burrill'". International Plant Names Index. 

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