Thomas King (New Zealand politician)
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Grey and Bell
New Zealand general election, 1853 – 1855
|Born||21 November 1821
|Died||28 April 1893 (aged 71)
|Resting place||Te Henui Cemetery, New Plymouth|
|Spouse(s)||Mary King (née Chilman)|
|Alma mater||Oxford University|
|Profession||Manager, soldier, politician|
Thomas King (21 November 1821 – 28 April 1893) was a 19th-century New Zealand politician. He served in the first two Parliaments, and was otherwise active in New Plymouth. He was one of the first settlers, coming out on the first ship to New Plymouth in 1841.
He came to New Zealand in March 1841 on the William Bryan. He married Mary Chilman (born in London), the daughter of the New Plymouth settler Richard Chilman, in 1846. She was the sister of Richard Chilman, the local secretary of the Plymouth Company. The Kings had seven children.
Member of Parliament
|Parliament of New Zealand|
|1853–55||1st||Grey and Bell||Independent|
|1860||2nd||Grey and Bell||Independent|
King served in the 1st New Zealand Parliament for Grey and Bell and resigned on 22 June 1855. He declared himself "tired of political life with its anxieties, cares, and responsibilities - with my severance from my home and my family". Financial worries may also have played a part - King was not by any means wealthy, and was consequently a notable champion of remuneration and expenses for MPs.
He entered Parliament again during its second term in the same electorate in a 28 May 1860 by-election. The by-election resulted from the resignation of Charles Brown, whose militia service required his full attention. King was the only candidate in the by-election, and was thus declared elected.
William Cutfield King and Thomas King (no relation) contested the Grey and Bell electorate in the 1860 election. On nomination day, the contestants addressed the electors and at the end of the meeting, the Returning Officer requested a show of hands, which was declared to be in favour of Thomas King. Consequently, W. C. King requested an election, which was held on Tuesday, 27 November 1860. W. C. King and T. King received 93 and 34 votes, respectively. Thus, his namesake was elected, but didn't attend Parliament, since he was killed in the First Taranaki War in February 1861 before the first session had started.
Upon arrival in New Zealand, King was originally a farmer and later became the manager of the Bank of New Zealand in New Plymouth for 16 years, from 1861 to 1878. He chaired the New Plymouth Harbour Board for many years until his death. He was the chairman of the New Plymouth Gas Company from its inception until his death.
He was survived by four sons, one daughter, and his wife. One of his sons, Truby King, was at the time of his death the Medical Superintendent of the Seacliff Lunatic Asylum. Truby's older brother Newton became a successful businessman in New Plymouth.
|New Zealand Parliament|
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Grey and Bell
William Cutfield King
- "Obituary". Taranaki Herald XLII (9684). 28 April 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- Blake-Palmer, Geoffrey (updated 22-Apr-09). "KING, Sir Frederic Truby, C.M.G.". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Cyclopedia Company Limited (1908). "Former Members Of The House Of Representatives". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Taranaki, Hawke’s Bay & Wellington Provincial Districts. Christchurch. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- "Long Reign of Newton King". Puke Ariki. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Watson, James (22 June 2007). "King, Newton 1855 - 1927". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
- "Grey and Bell election". Taranaki Herald VIII (409). 2 June 1860. p. 3. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- "The Elections". Taranaki Herald IX (435). 1 December 1860. p. 3. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Wells, B. (1878). "CHAPTER XXII: THE TARANAKI WAR.". The History of Taranaki. p. 222. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- "HARBOUR BOARD". Taranaki Herald XLII (9688). 3 May 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- "NEW PLYMOUTH GAS COMPANY". Taranaki Herald XLII (9767). 27 July 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- "Death". Taranaki Herald XLII (9685). 29 April 1893. p. 2. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- "Death of an old Settler". The Star (4630). 28 April 1893. p. 3. Retrieved 14 June 2010.