Thomas L. Young

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Thomas Lowry Young
TLYoung.jpg
33rd Governor of Ohio
In office
March 2, 1877 – January 14, 1878
Lieutenant H. W. Curtiss
Preceded by Rutherford B. Hayes
Succeeded by Richard M. Bishop
12th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 10, 1876 – March 2, 1877
Governor Rutherford B. Hayes
Preceded by Alphonso Hart
Succeeded by H. W. Curtiss
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1879 – March 4, 1883
Preceded by Henry B. Banning
Succeeded by Isaac M. Jordan
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the Hamilton County district
In office
January 1, 1866 – January 5, 1868
Serving with ten others
Preceded by ten others
Succeeded by nine others
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the first district
In office
January 1, 1872 – January 4, 1874
Serving with John Schiff
Joseph F. Wright
Preceded by Thomas H. Yeatman
Michael Goepper
Samuel Furman Hunt
Nathan Lord, Jr.
Succeeded by William R. Wallace
Vachel Worthington
Stephen H. Burton
Personal details
Born (1832-12-14)December 14, 1832
Killyleagh, County Down, Ireland
Died July 20, 1888(1888-07-20) (aged 55)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Resting place Spring Grove Cemetery
Political party Republican
Alma mater Cincinnati Law School
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1848 - 1858, 1861 - 1864
Rank Colonel
Brevet Brigadier General
Commands 118th Ohio Infantry

Thomas Lowry Young (December 14, 1832 – July 20, 1888) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Ohio. Young, a Republican, served as the 33rd Governor of Ohio from March 2, 1877 to January 14, 1878.

Early life[edit]

Young was born in Killyleagh, County Down, Ireland. While living in Ireland, his father was a gardener for Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, Earl of Dufferin.[1] He immigrated with his parents to the United States as a child and spent his childhood in New York.[2]

Military career[edit]

Young enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1848, originally joining as a musician.[3] He advanced through the ranks of the artillery to become a First Sergeant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery, serving under Brevet Major John F. Reynolds. After his service ended in January 1858, Young moved to Pennsylvania, then to Cincinnati a year later, where he served as the Assistant Superintendent for the House of Refuge Reform School for Youth.[4]

In March 1861 Young, believing a civil war to be imminent, wrote to General Winfield Scott volunteering his services. He officially joined the American Civil War effort a month later. Between August and December, he served under John C. Frémont as a captain while stationed in Missouri.[4] The unit disbanded at the beginning of 1862, and Young left the service. He worked for a Democratic Party newspaper in Sidney, Ohio afterwards, and spoke out against the Lincoln Administration, believing them to be too soft in the war effort thus far.[2] Young re-enlisted and received a commission as major in the 118th Ohio Infantry in September 1862, where he remained for the duration of his service. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel in February 1863 and the rank of colonel in April 1864. At the Battle of Resaca in May, Young led a charge against the enemy that was quickly defeated; the charge caused him to lose 116 of his 270 men in the span of a few minutes. He contracted an illness during the Atlanta Campaign, and resigned from the Army in September. President Abraham Lincoln brevetted him Brigadier-General of volunteers for his service on March 13, 1865.[5]

Political career[edit]

After resigning, Young returned to Cincinnati and graduated from the Cincinnati Law School in 1865. Shortly afterward, he began his political career with an appointment as Assistant City Auditor, a position he held for the rest of the year. He was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives afterward, and served a single two-year term from 1866 to 1868. Young became Hamilton County Recorder in October 1867, and held the position until President Andrew Johnson named him Internal Revenue Supervisor of Southern Ohio in late 1868, a position he held through 1869. After resigning from that position, Young worked in real estate until 1871 when he was elected to the Ohio State Senate.[2] At that point he was considered highly regarded in the Republican Party, and when elected to the State Senate, he had more votes than most other Republicans on the statewide ballot.[6]

Young was elected the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio in 1875, defeating Samuel Cary, taking office in 1876. He then filled out the term of Rutherford B. Hayes when the latter was elected to the presidency, serving from 1877 to 1878.

Later life[edit]

Young was then elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1878 and served two terms before losing a battle for renomination in 1882. He died in 1888 while holding a position on the Cincinnati Board of Public Affairs. Young was buried in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Clarke 1889, p. 198
  2. ^ a b c d "Thomas L. Young". Ohio History Central. Retrieved August 28, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Thomas L. Young". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 19, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Reid 1895, p. 988
  5. ^ Reid 1895, p. 989
  6. ^ Clarke 1889, p. 200

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikisource-logo.svg "Young, Thomas Lowry". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.