Thomas Maley Harris

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Thomas Maley Harris
ThomasMHarris.jpg
Gen. Thomas Maley Harris, M.D.
Born (1817-06-17)June 17, 1817
Wood County, (West) Virginia
Died September 30, 1906(1906-09-30)
Harrisville, West Virginia
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch Union Army
Years of service 1861 - 1866
Rank Brigadier General
Brevet Major General
Commands held 10th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars

American Civil War

Other work Physician, state legislator, author

Thomas Maley Harris (1817–1906) was a physician and Union general during the Civil War.

Born and raised in Harrisville, Virginia (now part of West Virginia), Harris originally set out to be a teacher, but changed career paths to study medicine. He received his medical degree from Louisville Medical College in 1843 and returned to Virginia to practice medicine until 1861, when he closed his practice when the Civil War began.[1]

During the war, Harris commanded the 10th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Shenandoah Valley, then a brigade and division during Philip Sheridan's Valley Campaigns of 1864.[2] He was brevetted to brigadier general for service at the Battle of Cedar Creek on October 19, 1864.[3]

He was transferred to the Army of the James and took command of a division of reinforcements from the Department of West Virginia attached to the XXIV Corps. He received a full promotion to brigadier general in March 1865 and a brevet promotion to major general for service at the battle of Fort Gregg on April 2, 1865.[3] His troops were among those directly responsible for cutting off Robert E. Lee's line of retreat at Appomattox Courthouse.[2] Following the Confederate surrender at Appomattox, Harris served on the military commission which tried the Lincoln Conspirators.[3] Following the trial general Harris authored two books about the trial evidences and proceedings: Assassination of Lincoln: A History of the Great Conspiracy, Trial of the Conspirators by a Military Commission, and a Review of the Trial of John H. Surratt, 1892; and later: Rome's Responsibility for the Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, 1897.

After the war, Harris elected to the West Virginia legislature and was appointed an adjunct general in the state militia and the U.S. pension agent for Wheeling, West Virginia. He resumed his medical practice until his retirement in 1885.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b West Virginia Medical Journal, Volume 1. West Virginia State Medical Association. 1907. p. 237. 
  2. ^ a b General Thomas Maley Harris
  3. ^ a b c Eicher p.283

External sources[edit]