Thomas McCall Cadwalader

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Thomas McCall Cadwalader
Susan Macdowell Eakins, General Cadwalader Seated at a Table, 1882.jpg
Susan Macdowell Eakins, General Thomas McCall Cadwalader Seated at a Table, 1882
Born (1795-09-11)September 11, 1795
Greenwood in New Jersey
Died October 22, 1873(1873-10-22) (aged 78)
Place of burial Friends Burying Ground
Trenton, New Jersey
(40°13′22″N 74°45′51″W / 40.22268°N 74.76424°W / 40.22268; -74.76424Coordinates: 40°13′22″N 74°45′51″W / 40.22268°N 74.76424°W / 40.22268; -74.76424)
Allegiance  United States
Years of service 1830–1858
Rank Major general

Thomas McCall Cadwalader (1795–1873) was an American trained for a lawyer career that became a military leader, making Major general.


Thomas McCall Cadwalader was born on the family estate called Greenwood in Trenton, New Jersey on September 11, 1795. His father was Lambert Cadwalader (1742–1823) and mother was Mary McCall (1764–1848), a descendant of the Schuyler family and the Van Cortlandt family through her ancestors Stephanus Van Cortlandt and Gertrude Schuyler;[1] he was their only child, except for a brother who died in childhood.[2]

He graduated from Princeton University and read law, but his career was in military service instead of as a practicing lawyer. He was appointed deputy adjutant-general of the New Jersey militia on June 2, 1830. On April 10, 1833, he became Aide-de-camp to Elias P. Seeley with rank of lieutenant colonel. On July 30, 1842, he was promoted to brigadier general. In 1856 he toured Europe to report on how the US military could be modernized. He retired from the military on January 26, 1858. After his retirement he was given an honorary brevet promotion to major general.[3]

Cadwalader died October 22, 1873, and was buried in the Friends Burying Ground at Trenton, New Jersey.[4]

Personal life[edit]

On December 27, 1831, Cadwalader married Maria Charlotte Gouverneur (1801–1867). Her aunt Elizabeth Kortright (1768–1830) had married US President James Monroe, and brother Samuel L. Gouverneur (1799–1865) had married Monroe's daughter.[2] Their children were: Emily, Mary, John, Richard and Maria.

Emily Cadwalader was born February 14, 1834, married William Henry Rawle after the death of his first wife, who was her cousin Mary Binney Cadwalader[5] on October 17, 1869. Her step-daughter Mary Cadwalader Rawle (1850–1923), who was also her cousin second removed, married the brother of Edith Wharton.[6]

Mary Cadwalader married physician Silas Weir Mitchell (1829–1914) on June 23, 1875.[5]

Son John Lambert Cadwalader (1836–1914) joined a prominent Wall Street law firm that now bears his name.[citation needed]

Richard McCall Cadwalader was born September 17, 1839. He graduated from Princeton in 1860 and Harvard Law School in 1863. He married Christine Biddle (1847–1900) on November 26, 1873 and died December 9, 1918.[3] Their son also named Richard McCall Cadwalader (1877–1960), married Emily Margaretta Roebling (1879–1941), daughter of Charles Gustavus Roebling (1849–1918), whose father John A. Roebling designed the Brooklyn Bridge.[7]

Daughter Maria Cadwalader was born circa 1841, married John Hone (1844–1915) on April 29, 1880 and died in June 1921.[8] Hone's maternal grandfather was Commodore Matthew C. Perry and his great granduncle was New York mayor Philip Hone. They had a daughter Hester Gouverneur Hone-Bartol.[9]

His cousin Elizabeth Cadwalader (1774–1824) married his uncle Archibald McCall (1767–1843). Many of his cousins once-removed became military leaders, following the footsteps of his father and grandfather.[citation needed]


  1. ^ The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1882, pages 208-213.
  2. ^ a b John Woolf Jordan; Thomas Lynch Montgomery; Ernest Spofford; Frederic Antes Godcharies (1914). Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania biography: illustrated 3. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. pp. 894–897. 
  3. ^ a b John Howard Brown, ed. (1900). Lamb's biographical dictionary of the United States. James H. Lamb Company. pp. 539–540. 
  4. ^ Thomas McCall Cadwalader at Find a Grave
  5. ^ a b Charles Penrose Keith (1883). The provincial councillors of Pennsylvania, who held office between 1733-1776: and those earlier councillors who were some time chief magistrates of the province, and their descendants. W.S. Sharp Printing Company. pp. 260, 389–390. 
  6. ^ John W. Jordan (1978). Colonial and Revolutionary Families of Pennsylvania. Genealogical Publishing Company. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-8063-0811-1. 
  7. ^ Edwin Charles Hill (1922). "Charles Gustavus Roebling". The Historical register: A Record of People Places and Events in American History 3. Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 64. 
  8. ^ "Obituary 2" (PDF). The New York Times. June 24, 1921. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
  9. ^ "John Hone is Dead; Long an Invalid; Grandson of Commodore Perry Retired from Brokerage Business in 1907; Always Voted in Jersey; Was of Fourth Generation of Distinguished New York Family, with Home at 5 Gramercy Park" (PDF). The New York Times. March 22, 1915. Retrieved March 15, 2011.