Thomas Talfourd

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Sir
Thomas Noon Talfourd
SL
SirThomasNoonTalford.jpg
Personal details
Born (1795-05-26)26 May 1795
Reading, Berkshire
Died 13 March 1854(1854-03-13) (aged 58)
Stafford, Staffordshire

Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd SL (26 May 1795 – 13 March 1854) was an English judge, politician and author.

Life[edit]

The son of a well-to-do brewer, Talfourd was born at Reading, Berkshire. He received his education at Hendon, and Reading grammar school. At the age of 18 he was sent to London to study law under Joseph Chitty, the special pleader. Early in 1821 he joined the Oxford circuit, having been called to the bar earlier in the year. Fourteen years later, when he was created a serjeant-at-law. In 1849 he succeeded Thomas Coltman as judge of the Court of Common Pleas.

In politics[edit]

At the general election in 1835 he was elected MP for the Parliamentary Borough of Reading, a result repeated in the general election of 1837. He chose not to run in the general election of 1841, but stood again in the general election of 1847 and was elected. In the House of Commons Talfourd introduced a copyright Bill in 1837, but the dissolution of Parliament in 1837 following the death of William IV meant that it had to be reintroduced in the new Parliament in 1838. By that time, the bill met with strong opposition. Talfourd re-introduced the it again in 1839, 1840 and 1841. It finally became law in 1842, albeit in modified form, and at a time when Talfourd was not in Parliament. Charles Dickens dedicated The Pickwick Papers to Talfourd.

Literary work[edit]

In his early years in London Talfourd was dependent in great measure on his literary contributions. He was then on the staff of the London Magazine, and was an occasional contributor to the Edinburgh Review and Quarterly Review, the New Monthly Magazine, and other periodicals; on joining the Oxford circuit, he acted as law reporter to The Times. His legal writings on literary matters are excellent expositions, animated by a lucid and telling, if not highly polished, style. Among the best of these are his article On the Principle of Advocacy in the Practice of the Bar (in the Law Magazine, January 1846); his Proposed New Law of Copyright of the Highest Importance to Authors (1838); Three Speeches delivered in the House of Commons in Favour of an Extension of Copyright (1840); and Speech for the Defendant in the Prosecution, the Queen v. Moxon, for the Publication of Shelley's Poetical Works (1841), a celebrated defence of Edward Moxon.

Talfourd's tragedy Ion was privately printed in 1835 and produced the following year at Covent Garden theatre. It was also well received in America, and was revived at Sadler's Wells Theatre in December 1861. This dramatic poem turns on the voluntary sacrifice of Ion, king of Argos, in response to the Delphic oracle, which had declared that only with the extinction of the reigning family could the prevailing pestilence incurred by the deeds of that family be removed.

Two years later, at the Haymarket Theatre, The Athenian Captive was acted with moderate success. In 1839 Glencoe, or the Fate of the Macdonalds, was privately printed, and in 1840 it was produced at the Haymarket. The 'Castilian (1853) did not excite much interest.

Talfourd also wrote:

  • "History of Greek Literature", in the Encyclopædia Metropolitana;
  • The Letters of Charles Lamb, with a Sketch of his Life (1837);
  • Recollections of a First Visit to the Alps (1841);
  • Vacation Rambles and Thoughts, comprising recollections of three Continental tours in the vacations of 1841, 1842, and 1843 (2 vols., 1844); and
  • Final Memorials of Charles Lamb (1849–50).

Death[edit]

Lough's memorial to Talfourd in the Shire Hall, Stafford

Talfourd died in 1854 in Stafford, after an apoplectic seizure in court while addressing the jury from his judge's seat[1] at the town's Shire Hall, where he is commemorated by a bust, sculpted by John Graham Lough.[2]

Dickens was amongst the mourners at his funeral at West Norwood Cemetery.

Family[edit]

Talfourd married Rachel, daughter of John Towill Rutt. Francis Talfourd ("Frank") was their eldest son.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Edith Hall, "Talfourd, Sir Thomas Noon (1795–1854)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 16 Jan 2010
  2. ^ Anon. The Shire Hall Gallery Guide. Staffordshire County Council. 
  3. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1898). "Talfourd, Thomas Noon". Dictionary of National Biography 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

References[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Fyshe Palmer
Charles Russell
Member of Parliament for Reading
1835–1841
With: Charles Russell 1835–1837
Charles Fyshe Palmer 1837–1841
Succeeded by
Charles Russell
Viscount Chelsea
Preceded by
Charles Russell
Viscount Chelsea
Member of Parliament for Reading
1847–1849
With: Francis Piggott
Succeeded by
Francis Piggott
John Frederick Stanford