Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton

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Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton

Thomas Orde-Powlett, 1st Baron Bolton PC (30 August 1740 – 30 July 1807) was an English politician. Born Thomas Orde, he was son of John Orde of Morpeth, Northumberland. He was educated at Eton and at King's College, Cambridge, graduating Master of Arts in 1773.[1]

On 7 April 1778 he married Jean Mary Browne-Powlett, the illegitimate daughter of Charles Powlett, 5th Duke of Bolton, who had entailed the greater part of his extensive estates to her in default of male issue of his younger brother Harry Powlett, 6th Duke of Bolton. The sixth Duke died without male heirs in 1794 when the Dukedom became extinct and the Bolton estates passed to Thomas Orde in right of his wife. The properties include Bolton Hall and Bolton Castle in North Yorkshire and Hackwood Park, Old Basing, Hampshire.

He entered politics as Tory Member of Parliament for Aylesbury (1780–1784) and later for Harwich (1784–1796). He served as Secretary to the Treasury (1782–1783) and as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1784–1787). Around 1782, he was appointed to the Privy Council of Ireland, and in 1785, to HM Privy Council. He was Governor of the Isle of Wight (1791–1807) and Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire (1800–1807).

On 7 January 1795, by Royal Licence, he assumed the additional surname of Powlett, and on 20 October 1797 he was created Baron Bolton. His younger brother John Orde was an Admiral in the Navy, and was created a Baronet, of Morpeth in the County of Northumberland, in 1790.

He died in 1807 and was succeeded by his eldest son William, the second Baron, who was MP for Yarmouth (IoW) for a short while.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Orde (post Orde-Powlett), Thomas (ORD765T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Anthony Bacon
John Aubrey
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
17801784
With: Anthony Bacon
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Hallifax
William Wrightson
Preceded by
John Robinson
George North
Member of Parliament for Harwich
17841796
With: John Robinson
Succeeded by
John Robinson
Richard Hopkins
Political offices
Preceded by
Henry Strachey
Secretary to the Treasury
(senior)

1782–1783
Succeeded by
Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Preceded by
Thomas Pelham
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1784–1787
Succeeded by
Alleyne Fitzherbert
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Richard Worsley
Vice-Admiral of the Isle of Wight
1791–1807
Succeeded by
Viscount FitzHarris
Preceded by
The Duke of Bolton
Governor of the Isle of Wight
1791–1807
Preceded by
Earl of Wiltshire
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1800–1807
Succeeded by
The Earl of Malmesbury
Vacant
Title last held by
The Duke of Bolton
Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
1803–1807
Succeeded by
Viscount FitzHarris
Peerage of Great Britain
New title Baron Bolton
1797–1807
Succeeded by
William Orde-Powlett