Thomas Paul (1773–1831) was a Baptist minister in Boston, Massachusetts, affiliated with the African Meeting House and the Education Society for the People of Colour. [2 ] Paul lived in Boston's [3 ] Beacon Hill neighborhood. His children included activist [4 ] Susan Paul. [5 ]
He was born in
Exeter, New Hampshire; of six brothers, three including Nathaniel Paul became Baptist preachers. His sister Nancy married James Monroe Whitfield. [6 ] [7 ]
Paul was educated for the ministry in
Hollis, New Hampshire, at the Free Will Baptist church. [6 ] He was then instrumental in founding the African Baptist Church in [8 ] Boston in 1805, and the Abyssinian Baptist Church in New York in 1808. [9 ]
In 1815 Paul travelled with
Prince Saunders to England, in a delegation from the Masonic Lodge of Africans, meeting William Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson. A topic raised was of black emigration to Haiti. Paul spent time in francophone Haiti as a missionary in 1823, but speaking no French made little impact on the Catholic population there. [10 ] He continued to promote Haiti as a destination for emigration. [6 ] [11 ]
He married Catherine Waterhouse in 1805. They had three children, Ann,
Susan, and Thomas, Jr. [12 ]
References [ edit ]
^ http://www.npg.si.edu/cexh/brush/index/portraits/paul.htm Retrieved 05-21-2010
^ Christian Herald v.4, no.15, Jan. 3, 1818.
^ Winchel. Concord Gazette, Jan. 19, 1819.
^ Boston Directory. 1807, 1818, 1823.
^ Lois Brown. Out of the Mouths of Babes: The Abolitionist Campaign of Susan Paul and the Juvenile Choir of Boston. New England Quarterly, Vol. 75, No. 1 (Mar., 2002), pp. 52-79.
^ a b c Nathan Aaseng, African-American Religious Leaders (2003), p. 168–9.
^ Robert Steven Levine, Ivy G. Wilson (editors), The Works of James M. Whitfield: America and other writings by a nineteenth-century African American poet (2011), p. 7; Google Books.
^ Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery page.
^ Charles Eric Lincoln, Lawrence H. Mamiya, The Black Church in the African-American Experience (1990), p. 25; Google Books.
^ Léon Dénius Pamphile, Haitians and African Americans: a heritage of tragedy and hope (2001), p. 38; Google Books.
^ Winston James, The Struggles of John Brown Russwurm: the life and writings of a pan-Africanist pioneer, 1799-1851 (2010), p. 15; Google Books.
Further reading [ edit ]
James Oliver Horton. Generations of Protest: Black Families and Social Reform in Ante-Bellum Boston. New England Quarterly, Vol. 49, No. 2 (Jun., 1976), pp. 242-256.
Boston African American community prior to the Civil War
Macon Bolling Allen (lawyer, judge)
Crispus Attucks (killed during Boston Massacre)
Leonard Black (minister, slave memoirist)
John Coburn (abolitionist, soldier)
Ellen and William Craft (slave memoirists, abolitionists)
Rebecca Lee Crumpler (physician)
Lucy Lew Dalton (abolitionist)
Thomas Dalton (abolitionist)
Hosea Easton (abolitionist, minister)
Leonard Grimes (abolitionist, minister)
Primus Hall (abolitionist, Rev. War soldier)
Prince Hall (freemason, abolitionist)
Lewis Hayden (abolitionist, politician)
John T. Hilton (abolitionist, author, businessman)
Thomas James (minister)
Barzillai Lew (Rev. War soldier)
George Latimer (escaped slave)
Walker Lewis (abolitionist)
George Middleton (1735–1815) (Rev. War soldier, Freemason, activist)
Robert Morris (lawyer, abolitionist, judge)
William Cooper Nell (abolitionist, writer)
Susan Paul (teacher, abolitionist, author)
Thomas Paul (minister)
John Stewart Rock (dentist, doctor, lawyer, abolitionist)
John Brown Russwurm (college grad., teacher)
John J. Smith (abolitionist, politician)
Maria W. Stewart (abolitionist, public speaker, journalist)
Baron Stow (minister)
Samuel Snowden (minister, abolitionist)
Edward G. Walker (abolitionist, lawyer, politician)
David Walker (abolitionist)
Phyllis Wheatley (poet, author)
Relevant topics and