Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester

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Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester PC (28 February 1728 – 8 January 1805), known as the Lord Pelham of Stanmer from 1768 to 1801, was a British Whig politician.

Background[edit]

Pelham was the son of Thomas Pelham and his wife Annetta, daughter of Thomas Bridges. Sir John Pelham, 3rd Baronet, was his great-grandfather and Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, and Henry Pelham his first cousins once removed.

Political career[edit]

Pelham was elected to the House of Commons for Rye in 1749, a seat he held until 1754, and then represented Sussex until 1768. He served as a Commissioner of Trade and Plantations from 1754 to 1761, as a Lord of the Admiralty from 1761 to 1762 and as Comptroller of the Household from 1765 to 1774 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1765.

In 1768 Pelham succeeded his cousin the Duke of Newcastle as second Baron Pelham of Stanmer according to a special remainder in the letters patent. He also inherited the Pelham baronetcy created in 1611. Pelham also served as Surveyor-General of Customs of London from 1773 to 1805 and as Keeper of the Great Wardrobe from 1775 to 1782. In 1801 he honoured when he was created Earl of Chichester.

Family[edit]

Lord Chichester married Anne Frankland, daughter of Frederick Meinhardt Frankland, in 1754. They had three sons and three daughters. All three daughters and one son predeceased him. His third son the Right Reverend the Hon. George Pelham became Bishop of Bristol, Exeter and Lincoln. Lord Chichester died in January 1805, aged 76, and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Thomas, who became a prominent politician. Lady Chichester died in 1813.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Phillips Gybbon
Sir John Norris
Member of Parliament for Rye
1749 – 1754
With: Phillips Gybbon
Succeeded by
Phillips Gybbon
George Onslow
Preceded by
Henry Pelham
John Butler
Member of Parliament for Sussex
17541768
With: John Butler 1754–1767
Lord George Lennox 1754–1768
Succeeded by
Lord George Lennox
Richard Harcourt
Court offices
Preceded by
Lord Charles Spencer
Comptroller of the Household
1765 – 1774
Succeeded by
Sir William Meredith
Preceded by
The Earl of Ashburnham
Master of the Great Wardrobe
1775 - 1782
Office abolished
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Chichester
1801 – 1805
Succeeded by
Thomas Pelham
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Pelham-Holles
Baron Pelham of Stanmer
(descended by acceleration)

1768 – 1801
Succeeded by
Thomas Pelham