Thomas P. Griesa
|This article or section may be slanted towards recent events. (September 2013)|
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
|Succeeded by||Michael Mukasey|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
June 30, 1972 – March 13, 2000
|Appointed by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||Laura Swain|
October 11, 1930 |
Kansas City, Missouri, U.S.
|Alma mater||Harvard University
Thomas Poole Griesa (born October 11, 1930; Kansas City) is a federal judge for the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Born in Kansas City, Missouri, Griesa received a A.B. from Harvard University in 1952 and served in the U.S. Coast Guard from 1952 to 1954, thereafter receiving an LL.B. from Stanford Law School in 1958. He was an attorney with the Admiralty and Shipping Section of the U.S. Department of Justice from 1958 to 1960, and was then in private practice in New York City from 1960 to 1972.
He was nominated to the court by Richard M. Nixon on June 15, 1972, to a new seat created by 84 Stat. 294, confirmed by the United States Senate on June 28, 1972, and received his commission on June 30, 1972. He served as chief judge from 1993 to 2000 and assumed senior status on March 13, 2000.
Argentina's debt restructuring
In 2014, Griesa presided over the Argentine debt restructuring, on remand following the U.S. Supreme Court's decision to permit hedge funds, who in the period June 2001 to November 2003 (that is from half a year before the Argentine default) bought bonds, which are negotiable instruments and therefore, like bond owners all over the world, never drew any pay from the issuing country, to access potentially an array of bank records to locate financial assets overseas in seeking compensation. negotiable instruments like bonds are bought and sold like commodities at the price seller and buyer agree upon. Paul Singer's Cayman Islands-based hedge fund NML Capital Limited is the principal litigant in this dispute, having paid considerably more than US$90 million in the secondary market for bonds with a face value of US$832 million by 2014. It should not come as a surprise that during the intervening 13 years, these bonds have drawn interests as bonds do.
Through an official press release published on Friday afternoon, June 27, 2014, the Argentine government stated that Griesa attempted to “block the payment for bondholders,” and committed an abuse of authority, after cancelling the deposit made on Thursday into a Bank of New York account. The text specified “the deposited amounts are fiduciary property of the holders” and it is the duty of the fiduciary agent to “hold them on behalf of the holders’ benefit.” This statement can be debated, as Argentine government is well aware that Argentina in the original bonds contracts, as well as in the restructuring prospects from 2004/2005 and 2010, apparently waived the country's sovereign immunity in Appendix 3 (the terms of the bonds) of Republic of Argentina v NML Capital Ltd  EWCA Civ 41 (04 February 2010); thus a federal judge is authorised to block payment which is not in accordance with the contracts' pari passu clause.
Judge Griesa's ruling was upheld by the full United States Court of Appeals, and the United States Supreme Court found no reason to revise Griesa's ruling.
The reliability of the Argentine claim ("We are not in default") can be judged by:
1. Definition of default in the original prospectus for Argentina’s 2005 debt exchange:
"Notwithstanding the foregoing, Argentina's obligations to make payments of principal and interest on the New Securities shall not have been satisfied until such payments are received by registered holders of the New Securities."
2. Similar in the original prospectus for Argentina’s 2010 debt exchange.
3. all the major rating agencies has declared Argentina to be in default: 3.1. Argentina Put Into Selective Default by Standard & Poor's 3.2. Moody's changes Argentina's outlook to negative as default will hasten economic decline 3.3. Fitch downgrades Argentina to ‘restricted default’ 3.4. China's Dagong Global Credit Rating Co. Cuts Argentina to Default 3.5. The International Swaps and Derivatives Association (ISDA) declares Argentina in default, bonds extend losses.
According to American economist and recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Joseph Stiglitz, with Griesa's decision "America is throwing a bomb into the global economic system".
- "Sierra Club v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers". Retrieved April 9, 2011.
- Benson, Drew (4 October 2012). "Bond Vigilantes’ Ghana Ambush Proves Default Hex Unbroken". Bloomberg Businessweek.
- Eavis, Peter (28 June 2014). "Argentina claims Judge Griesa "blocked the payment to bondholders"". MercoPress.
- "Argentina Finds Relentless Foe in Paul Singer’s Hedge Fund". The New York Times. 31 July 2014..
- Thomas P. Griesa at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|New seat||Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York