Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe
Thomas Randolph (~1683 – 1729), also known as Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, was the builder of Tuckahoe, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, and the second child of William Randolph and Mary Isham.
Randolph was born on the Turkey Island Plantation along the James River in Henrico County, Virginia in 1681. Most sources indicate that he married a woman named either "Judith Churchill" (of Middlesex County, Virginia) or "Judith Fleming" around 1705 or 1710; the couple had three children:
- William Randolph (born 1712) married Maria Judith, the daughter of Mann Page, and had four children, including their only son Thomas Mann Randolph.
- Judith Randolph (born ~1724) married her first cousin William Stith, President of the College of William and Mary, and had three children. Stith was the son of her Captain John Stith and Mary Randolph, her aunt.
- Mary Randolph (born ~1726) married James Keith, a descendant of the Earls Marischal of Scotland, and had eight children.[nb 1] Their daughter Mary Isham Keith was the mother of John Marshall, a United States Secretary of State and Chief Justice of the United States.
The historian William Edward Railey reported that Randolph married Churchill in 1710, but she died in 1712 (possibly during the birth of his oldest son, William). Railey notes that Randolph married his second wife, Fleming, that same year on October 16, 1712 in New Kent County, Virginia.
Tuckahoe was reportedly built by Randolph sometime after his marriage to Churchill. His estate was in the part of Henrico County that later became Goochland County. Randolph and his brother William Randolph II were the two representatives from Henrico in the House of Burgesses for the 1720 to 1722 session. He was the county lieutenant for Goochland in 1728.
|Ancestors of Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe|
- Randolph, Robert Isham (1936). The Randolphs of Virginia: A Compilation of the Descendants of William Randolph of Turkey Island and His Wife Mary Isham Of Bermuda Hundred (PDF).
- Page, Richard Channing Moore (1893). "Randolph Family". Genealogy of the Page Family in Virginia (2 ed.). New York: Press of the Publishers Printing Co. pp. 249–272.
- Glenn, Thomas Allen, ed. (1898). "The Randolphs: Randolph Genealogy". Some Colonial Mansions: And Those Who Lived In Them : With Genealogies Of The Various Families Mentioned 1. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Henry T. Coates & Company. pp. 430–459.
- Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. (1915). "Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons". Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography II. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 311.
- Gordon, Armistead C (1914). "The Stith Family". In Tyler, Lyon G. William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine XXII. Richmond, Virginia: Whittet & Shepperson. p. 44.
- Connelley, William Elsey; Coulter, E.M. (1922). "Capt. Pendleton Farmer De Weese Keith". In Kerr, Charles. History of Kentucky III. New York: The American Historical Society. p. 122.
- Dillon, John Forrest, ed. (1903). "Introduction". John Marshall; life, character and judicial services as portrayed in the centenary and memorial addresses and proceedings throughout the United States on Marshall day, 1901, and in the classic orations of Binney, Story, Phelps, Waite and Rawle I. Chicago: Callaghan & Company. pp. liv–lv.
- Railey, W.E. (September 1918). Morton, Jennie C., ed. "Notes and Corrections of the Railey Geneaology". The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society (Frankfort, Kentucky: The State Journal Company) 16 (48): 47–49. Retrieved November 12, 2010.
- Railey, William Edward (2002) . History of Woodford County, Kentucky. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 278. ISBN 9780806379999.
- Sorley, Merrow Egerton (2000) . "Chapter 33: Families Related to the Lewis Family". Lewis of Warner Hall: The History of a Family. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 832. ISBN 9780806308319.
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