||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (May 2011)|
Thomas Risse (formerly Risse-Kappen) is a Berlin based international relations scholar. He currently acts as chair for “transnational relations, foreign- and security policy” at the Otto-Suhr Institute for Political Science at Freie Universität Berlin. Furthermore he has several engagements in German and international research networks, he also heads the PhD program of the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.
Thomas Risse is usually identified as a constructivist scholar of international relations. In contrast to American constructivists, his work borrows heavily from German social theory and philosophy, and in particular the work of Jürgen Habermas. His work suggests that communicative action can reshape actors' understanding of their interests with important consequences for world politics.
During the 1980s the main focus of his work laid on security policy, his dissertation “Die Krise der Sicherheitspolitik” (The Crisis of Security Policy) dealt with foreign and security policy decision making processes in West-Germany. In his thesis he observes the development of a Peace movement (opposed to the installation of medium-range rocket on German soil) and theorised their influence on West-German foreign policy. The contribution of his work is crucial to IR theory because it opposes the logic of equality between force and deterrence.
With the end of the Cold War, the focus of his work shifted to transnational relations and human rights. One of his works out of this period is the edited volume “Bringing Transnational Relations Back In”. Here he argues that regular interactions between non-state actors, that do not act on behalf of national governments, but try to influence the policies of a state, got out of focus. These organisations could be various NGOs for example, the Socialist International, Amnesty International or religious groups among others. In this volume an outlook on methodology and theory of transnational relations and their impact on domestic policy is developed. Another work of reference of this period is “Die Macht der Menschenrechte” (The Power of Human Rights). Based on liberal theory and democratic peace, Risse looks at international norms, speech acts and political change in the South. Whereby the main focus is laid on the realisation of human rights. His core theory is that the key for respect of human rights is the influence on transnational and domestic civil society on state structures. Inter alia he shows that economic development and democratisation do not forcibly go hand in hand.
Post 9/11 his focus changed again towards research on failed states and governance. In his latest publication he focussed on aspects of governance in failed states.
- Bruce M. Russett, Thomas Risse-Kappen, John J. Mearsheimer (1991), 'Back to the Future, Part III: Realism and the Realities of European Security', International Security, 15 (3), 216-22.
- Thomas Risse and Antje Wiener (1999), 'Something Rotten and the Social Construction of Social Constructivism: a Comment on Comments', Journal of European Public Policy, 6 (5), 775-82.
- Risse-Kappen, Thomas (1991), 'Opinion, Domestic Structure, and Foreign Policy in Liberal Democracies', World Politics, 43 (4), 479-512.
- Risse-Kappen, Thomas (ed.) (1995), Bringing Transnational Relations Back in, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
- Risse-Kappen, Thomas (1995). Cooperation Among Democracies: The European Influence on U. S. Foreign Policy. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
- Risse, Thomas (1988), Die Krise der Sicherheitspolitik. Neuorientierungen und Entscheidungsprozesse im politischen System der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1977-1984, (Mainz: Grünewald-Kaiser).
- Risse, Thomas (2002), Die Macht der Menschenrechte. Internationale Normen, kommunikatives Handeln und politischer Wandel in den Ländern des Südens, (Baden-Baden: Nomos).
- Risse, Thomas and Ursula Lehmkuhl (eds.) (2008), Regieren ohne Staat?: Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit, Baden-Baden: Nomos).
- Risse, Ropp & Sikkink (eds) The Persistent Power of Human Rights: From Commitment to Compliance (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2013)