|Thomas Sidney Jesup|
Brigadier General Thomas Sidney Jesup
13th quartermaster General of the United States Army
December 16, 1788|
Berkeley County, Virginia (today West Virginia)
|Died||June 10, 1860
|Resting Place||Oak Hill Cemetery
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1808–1860|
Thomas Sidney Jesup, USA (December 16, 1788 – June 10, 1860) was an American military officer known as the "Father of the Modern Quartermaster Corps". He was born in Berkeley County, Virginia (today West Virginia). He began his military career in 1808, and served in the War of 1812, seeing action in the battles of Chippewa and Lundy's Lane in 1814, where he was wounded. He was appointed Quartermaster General on May 8, 1818, by President James Monroe.
In 1836, while Jesup was still officially Quartermaster General, President Andrew Jackson detached him first to deal with the Creek tribe in Georgia and Alabama, and then to assume command of all U.S. troops in Florida during the Second Seminole War (1837–1842). His actions in violating truces to capture Seminole leaders, such as Osceola, provoked controversy. At the conclusion of the hostilities, Jesup returned to his official post.
During the Mexican-American War, Jesup traveled from his headquarters in Washington, D.C., to oversee the supplying of troops in Mexico. He served as Quartermaster General for 42 years, holding the record for the longest continual service in the same position in U.S. military history. He died in office in Washington, D.C., at age 72.
Legacy and honors
- Jesup, Georgia, Lake Jesup, Florida, and Fort Jesup, Louisiana were named in his honor.
- 1986, Jesup was inducted into the Quartermaster Hall of Fame.
- Brigadier General Jesup, father of the Quartermaster Corps, US Quartermaster Foundation
- Jahoda, Gloria. The Trail of Tears: The Story of the American Indian Removals 1813-1855. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. New York. 1975. ISBN 0-03-014871-5.
|Quartermaster General of the United States Army
Joseph E. Johnston