Thomas Vaux, 2nd Baron Vaux of Harrowden

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Thomas Vaux, 2nd Baron Vaux of Harrowden KB (25 April 1509[1] – October 1556), English poet, was the eldest son of Nicholas Vaux, 1st Baron Vaux and his second wife, Anne Green, daughter of Sir Thomas Green, Lord of Nortons Green, and Joan Fogge.[2][3] He was educated at Cambridge University.[4] His mother was the maternal aunt of queen consort Catherine Parr, while his wife, Elizabeth Cheney, was a first cousin of the sixth and final wife of King Henry VIII.

Life[edit]

In 1527, he accompanied Cardinal Wolsey on his embassy to France. Vaux privately disapproved of King Henry VIII's divorce from his first wife, Catherine of Aragon. In 1531, he took his seat in the House of Lords. In 1532, he attended Henry VIII to Calais and Boulogne and was made Knight of the Bath at the coronation of Anne Boleyn. He was Lieutenant Governor of Jersey in 1536. Schism from Rome caused him to sell his offices; he did not attend Parliament between 1534 and 1554.[5] Instead, Vaux retired to his country seat until the accession of Mary I, when he returned to London for her coronation.[5] Vaux was the friend of other court poets such as Sir Thomas Wyatt and Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey.[5]

Family and issue[edit]

Elizabeth, Lady Vaux. Black and coloured chalks; Royal Collection, Windsor Castle.

Thomas' father, Nicholas, had been previously married to Hon. Elizabeth FitzHugh, daughter of Henry FitzHugh, 5th Lord FitzHugh of Ravensworth Castle and Lady Alice Neville, as her second husband.[3] From that marriage, Vaux had three older paternal half-sisters; Katherine, Lady Throckmorton; Alice, Lady Sapcote; and Anne, Lady Strange.[3] By Elizabeth's first marriage to Sir William Parr, she was the mother of Anne Parr, the mother of Thomas' wife, Elizabeth Cheney.[3] Elizabeth FitzHugh was also the mother to Sir Thomas Parr, thus making her the paternal grandmother of Queen Catherine Parr.[3] After the death of Elizabeth in about 1507, his father married secondly to Anne Green, who was the older sister of Maud Green, Lady Parr who had married Sir Thomas Parr; thus making Vaux a first cousin to queen Catherine.[3]

On 6 May 1511, Sir Thomas, aged two, was contracted to marry Elizabeth Cheney.[3] Thomas married Elizabeth between 25 April 1523 and 10 November 1523.[3] They had three children.

Thomas Vaux died in October 1556.

Sketches of Vaux and his wife by Holbein are at Windsor, and a finished portrait of Lady Vaux is at Hampton Court.

Works[edit]

Two of his poems were included in the Songes and Sonettes of Surrey (Tottel's Miscellany, published in 1557 (see 1557 in poetry). They are "The assault of Cupid upon the fort where the lover's hart lay wounded, and how he was taken," and the "Dittye ... representinge the Image of Deathe," which the grave-digger in Shakespeare's Hamlet misquotes.

Thirteen pieces in the Paradise of Dainty Devices, published in 1576 (see 1576 in poetry)), are signed by him. These are reprinted in Alexander Grosart's Miscellanies of the Fuller Worthies Library (vol. iv, 1872).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ George Edward Cokayne. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Vol. XII/2, p. 219-221.
  2. ^ Unknown author, David Faris. Plantagenet Ancestry of 17th Century Colonists, p. 39.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, pg 326, 561-562, 566.
  4. ^ Dominic Head. The Cambridge Guide To Literature In English, Cambridge University Press, Jan 26, 2006. pg 1151.
  5. ^ a b c John Saward, John Morrill, Michael Tomko. Firmly I Believe and Truly: The Spiritual Tradition of Catholic England, Oxford University Press, Nov 15, 2011. pg 92.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Darcy
Lieutenant Governor of Jersey
1536
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Seymour
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Nicholas Vaux
Baron Vaux of Harrowden
1523-1556
Succeeded by
William Vaux