Thomas Welles

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For other people named Thomas Welles, see Thomas Welles (disambiguation).
Thomas Welles
1st Treasurer of the Colony of Connecticut
In office
1639–1641
Succeeded by William Whiting
2nd Secretary of the Colony of Connecticut
In office
1641–1648
Preceded by Edward Hopkins
Succeeded by John Cullick
Deputy Governor of the Colony of Connecticut
In office
1654–1655
In office
1656–1657
In office
1659–1660
17th Governor of the Colony of Connecticut
In office
1655–1656
Preceded by Edward Hopkins
Succeeded by John Webster
20th Governor of the Colony of Connecticut
In office
1658–1659
Preceded by John Winthrop the Younger
Succeeded by John Winthrop the Younger
Personal details
Born 1590
Stourton, Whichford, Warwickshire, England
Died 14 January 1659/1660
Wethersfield, Connecticut
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Alice Tomes
Elizabeth Deming Foote
Children John Welles (1622–1659)
Thomas Welles
Samuel Welles
Anne Welles
Sarah Welles
Mary Welles
Religion Congregationalist

Thomas Welles (1590 – 14 January 1659, OS/1660, NS) is the only man in Connecticut's history to hold all four top offices: governor, deputy governor, treasurer, and secretary. In 1639, he was elected as the first treasurer of the Colony of Connecticut, and from 1640–1649 served as the colony's secretary. In this capacity, he transcribed the Fundamental Orders into the official colony records on 14 January 1638, OS, (24 January 1639, NS).[1]

Biography[edit]

Life

Welles was born in Stourton, Whichford, Warwickshire, England around 1590, the son of Robert Welles and Alice (unknown) of Stourton, Warwickshire, England, born about 1543.[2] He married Alice Tomes soon after 5 July 1615 in Long Marston, Gloucestershire, England. She was born around 1593 in Long Marston, Gloucestershire, England, the daughter of John Tomes and Ellen (Gunne) Phelps. A brother of Alice Tomes-Welles, also named John Tomes like his father, was a faithful royalist who during the escape of Charles II sheltered him in his home on the night of 10 September 1651 when the king was a fugitive after the Battle of Worcester.

After the death of Alice, Welles married again about 1646 in Wethersfield, Connecticut. His second wife was Elizabeth (Deming) Foote,[3] who was a sister of John Deming[3] and the widow of Nathaniel Foote (Who founded Wethersfield). Elizabeth had seven children by her previous marriage; there were no children from the second marriage.

The first appearance of Governor Thomas Welles's name in Hartford was on 28 March 1637, according to the Connecticut Colonial Records. Welles came to Hartford with Reverend Thomas Hooker in June 1636. Some believe a copy of a grant in which he is named confirms this statement. He was chosen a magistrate of the Colony of Connecticut in 1637, an office he held every successive year until his death in 1660, a period of twenty-two years. He was elected deputy governor in 1654, and governor of the Connecticut Colony in 1655, and in 1656 and 1657 was deputy governor to John Winthrop the Younger; in 1658 governor, and in 1659 deputy governor, which position he held at his death on 14 January 1660 at Wethersfield, Connecticut.[4]

It is thought that he was buried in Wethersfield, Connecticut. Some sources indicate that his remains were later transferred to the Ancient Burying Ground in Hartford. In either case, his grave is presently unmarked. His name appears on the Founders of Hartford, Connecticut Monument in Hartford's Ancient Burying Ground.

Children
  • John (1622 – 7 August 1659), settled in Stratford in 1645, serving as a magistrate and a probate judge there before his death in 1659.[4][5][6] His son, John, married Mary Hollister the daughter of Lt, John Hollister and Joanna Treat,[7][8] the daughter of Richard Treat.[9]
  • Samuel, became a Captain and settled in Wethersfield, Connecticut.[2] He married as his first wife, Elizabeth Hollister, the daughter of Lt, John Hollister and Joanna Treat,[7][8] the daughter of Richard Treat.[9] Elizabeth and Samuel were the parents of six children. Elizabeth died in 1659 and he married as his second wife,Hannah, the daughter of George Lamberton of the New Haven Colony. There were no children by the second marriage. His son Samuel married Ruth Rice, daughter of Edmund Rice, on 20 June 1683 and they had six children.[10]

Descendants[edit]

Thomas Welles's descendants number in the thousands today. Some of his notable descendants include;

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Norton, pp. 19–21
  2. ^ a b c Siemiatkoski, Donna H (1990). The Descendents of Governor Thomas Welles of Connecticut, 1590–1658, and His Wife, Alice Tomes. Gateway Press. 
  3. ^ a b Deming, pp. 3–8
  4. ^ a b Mathews, Barbara J. (April 2000). "The Wills of John Welles and his Father, Governor Thomas Welles". Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Raymond, Marcius D, p. 17
  6. ^ Case, L. W., p. 35
  7. ^ a b Treat, p. 31
  8. ^ a b Treat, p. 33
  9. ^ a b c Treat, pp. 20–31
  10. ^ "Ruth Rice (1659–1742)". Edmund Rice (1638) Association. Retrieved 19 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Buchanan, James M. (1991). The Supreme Court Justices: Illustrated Biographies, 1789–1995 (2nd ed.). Supreme Court Historical Society. 
  12. ^ Johnson, pp. 163–175
  13. ^ Mathews, Barbara J. (November 2006). "Ancestry of The Rev. Lyman Beecher and His daughters Catherine Beecher and Harriet (Beecher) Stowe". Wellesprings. Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  14. ^ a b Mathews, Barbara J. (April 2002). "Daniel Hanmer Wells, Father of the Utah Branch of our Family". Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  15. ^ Raymond, Marcius D., 64
  16. ^ Jordan, 372
  17. ^ Laas, 10–12
  18. ^ a b c Raymond, pp. 20–22
  19. ^ a b c d Raymond, M D., pp. 84–97
  20. ^ a b c Raymond, Marcius D., pp. 34–35
  21. ^ Cornell, Lydia (2005). "The Official Website of Lydia Cornell". Lydia Cornell. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  22. ^ a b c Roberts, Gary Boyd. "The New England Ancestry of Archibald Mac Leish". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved 14 March 2010. 
  23. ^ Mathews, Barbara J. (Autumn 2004). "Ancestry of President Gerald R. Ford". Wellesprings. Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  24. ^ Raymond, Marcius D., 18
  25. ^ Case, pp. 247
  26. ^ Case, pp. 473
  27. ^ Roberts, Gary Boyd (18 April 2008). "#83 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: A Third Set of Ten Hollywood Figures (or Groups Thereof), with a Coda on Two Directors". NewEnglandAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved 14 April 2010. 
  28. ^ Pumpelly, p. 783
  29. ^ Reitwiesner, William Addams (2007). "Ancestry of Sen. Gary Hart". Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  30. ^ McGhan, p.385
  31. ^ "Mr. Sanford's Services". New York Times. 6 November 1877. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  32. ^ "Henry Shelton Sanford". New York Times. 23 May 1891. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  33. ^ "General Henry S. Sanford.". Sanford Historical Society. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  34. ^ "Find a Grave: Gen. Henry Shelton Sanford". Retrieved 14 July 2009. 
  35. ^ Welles, p. 7
  36. ^ Mathews, Barbara J. (November 2003 and April 2004). "Henry Wells, Founder of Wells Fargo and American Express". Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  37. ^ Mathews, Barbara J. (November 2005). "Wilford Woodruff, a Welles Descendant, Fourth President of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints And Founder of the Genealogical Society of Utah". Welles Family Association. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  38. ^ Roberts, Gary Boyd. "#61 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: Notable Descendants of the Stanleys of Hartford". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 

References[edit]

  • Case, Lafayette Wallace. The Hollister family of America: Lieut. John Hollister, of Wethersfield, Conn., and his descendants Publisher Fergus printing company, 1886
  • Cutter, William Richard. New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial, Lewis Historical Publishing, NY, 1914
  • Deming, Judson Keith. Genealogy of the descendants of John Deming of Wethersfield, Connecticut: with historical notes University of Wisconsin – Madison: Publisher Press of Mathis-Mets Co., 1904
  • Johnson, Alfred. The Hon. James Phinney Baxter, A.M., LITT.D. The New England historical and genealogical register, Volume 75. Publisher New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1921
  • Jordan, John W. Genealogical and personal history of the Allegheny Valley, Pennsylvania. New York: Lewis Historical Pub. Company 1913.
  • Laas, Virginia Jeans Bridging two eras : the autobiography of Emily Newell Blair, 1877–1951. Columbia, Missouri : University of Missouri Press 1999.
  • McGhan, Judith. Genealogies of Connecticut families: from the New England historical and genealogical register Baltimore: Publisher Genealogical Publishing Company, 1983 ISBN 0-8063-1030-8.
  • Norton, Frederick Calvin The governors of Connecticut: biographies of the chief executives of the commonwealth that gave to the world the first written constitution known to history, Publisher Connecticut Magazine Co., 1905.
  • Pumpelly, Raphael. My Reminiscences, Raphael Pumpelly. Publisher: H. Holt and Company, 1918.
  • Raymond, Marcius Denison. Gray genealogy : being a genealogical record and history of the descendants of John Gray, of Beverly, Mass., and also including sketches of other Gray families. New York: Higginson Book Company, 1887.
  • Raymond, M D. Souvenir of the Sherburne Centennial Celebration and Dedication of Monument to the Proprietors and Early Settlers, held on Wednesday, 21 June 1893. New York: M.D. Raymond, 1892.
  • Raymond, Marcius D. Sketch of Rev. Blackleach Burritt and related Stratford families : a paper read before the Fairfield County Historical Society, at Bridgeport, Conn., Friday evening, 19 Feb 1892. Bridgeport : Fairfield County Historical Society 1892.
  • Siemiatkoski, Donna Holt. The Descendants of Governor Thomas Welles of Connecticut, 1590–1658, and His Wife, Alice Tomes Baltimore: Publisher, Gateway Press, 1990.
  • Treat, John Harvey. The Treat family: a genealogy of Trott, Tratt, and Treat for fifteen generations, and four hundred and fifty years in England and America, containing more than fifteen hundred families in America Publisher The Salem press publishing & printing company, 1893.
  • Welles, Benjamin. Sumner Welles: FDR's global strategist : a biography. New York: M.D. Raymond, 1892. Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. ISBN 0-312-17440-3.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Hopkins
Governor of the Connecticut Colony
1655–56
Succeeded by
John Webster
Preceded by
John Winthrop the Younger
Governor of the Connecticut Colony
1658–59
Succeeded by
John Winthrop the Younger