Thomas Young (1587–1655)
Thomas Young (c.1587-1655) was a Scottish Presbyterian minister and theologian, resident in England and a member of the Westminster Assembly. He was the major author of the Smectymnuus group of leading Puritan churchmen. He was also Master of Jesus College, Cambridge, and is known as the tutor to John Milton from age around ten years.
In London, from before 1612, he worked as a teaching assistant to Thomas Gataker. He tutored Milton, possibly from 1618 to 1620 or 1622, and continued to correspond with him. He then took a position in Hamburg, as minister to English merchants there, returning to England in 1628 and becoming vicar at Stowmarket.
He was the primary author of the pamphlet An Answer signed Smectymnuus, an answer to an anonymous publication defending episcopacy and in fact written by Joseph Hall. It sparked off several more publications.
- Dies Dominica (1639)
- Hope's Incouragement pointed at (1644)
- Smectymnuus Redivivus (1669)
- William Riley Parker, Gordon Campbell, Milton: A Biography (revised edition 1996), p. 12.
- Christopher Hill, Milton and the English Revolution (1977), pp. 25-6.
- Arthur Barker, Milton's Schoolmasters, The Modern Language Review, Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct., 1937), pp. 517-536, gives reasons why 1622 is unlikely.
- Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Young, Thomas". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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