Thomaskantor

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The Thomaskantor is the musical director of the Thomanerchor in Leipzig, founded in 1212. He is appointed by Leipzig's city council and his duties are to lead the weekly services called Motette, Sunday services and other services in the Thomaskirche, also to conduct recordings and tours.

Johann Sebastian Bach was the most famous Thomaskantor, from 1723 to 1750. He was responsible for music at the four major churches in Leipzig. The post's duties extended beyond music; he and his predecessors had for instance also to teach Latin.

Name Term Notes
Georg Rhau.jpg Georg Rhau
born circa 1488 in Eisfeld
died 6 August 1548 in Wittenberg
1518–1520
Johannes Galliculus
born circa 1490 in Dresden
died circa 1550 in Leipzig
1520–1525
Valerian Hüffeler

1526–1530
Johannes Hermann
born 1515 in Zittau
died 22 April 1593 in Freiberg
1531–1536
Wolfgang Jünger
born circa 1517 in Sayda
died 4 March 1564 in Großschirma
1536–1539
Johannes Bruckner

1539–1540
Ulrich Lange

died 1549 in Leipzig
1540–1549
Wolfgang Figulus
born circa 1525 in Naumburg (Saale)
died 1589 in Meißen
1549–1551
Melchior Heger
born in Brüx (today Most)
1553–1564
Valentin Otto
born 1529 in Markkleeberg
died April 1594
1564–1594
Calvisius.jpg Sethus Calvisius
born 21 February 1556 in Gorsleben
died 24 November 1615 in Leipzig
1594–1615
Johann Hermann Schein.png Johann Hermann Schein
born 20 January 1586 in Grünhain
died 19 November 1630 in Leipzig
1615–1630
Tobias Michael
born 13 June 1592 in Dresden
died 26 June 1657 in Leipzig
1631–1657
Sebastian Knüpfer
born 6 September 1633 in Asch
died 10 October 1676 in Leipzig
1657–1676
Johann Schelle
born 6 September 1648 in Geising
died 10 March 1701 in Leipzig
1677–1701
Johann Kuhnau.png Johann Kuhnau
born 6 April 1660 in Geising
died 5 June 1722 in Leipzig
1701–1722
Johann Sebastian Bach 1746.jpg Johann Sebastian Bach
born 21 March 1685 in Eisenach
died 28 July 1750 in Leipzig
1723–1750
Johann Gottlob Harrer
born 1703 in Görlitz; died 9 July 1755 in Karlsbad
1750–1755
Johann Friedrich Doles.JPEG Johann Friedrich Doles
born 23 April 1715 in Steinbach-Hallenberg
died 8 February 1797 in Leipzig
1756–1789
Johann Adam Hiller.jpg Johann Adam Hiller
born 25 December 1728 in Wendisch-Ossig (today Osiek Łużycki) bei Görlitz
died 16 June 1804 in Leipzig
1789–1801 From 1781 to 1785 Gewandhauskapellmeister in Leipzig.
August Eberhard Müller.JPEG August Eberhard Müller
born 13 December 1767 in Northeim
died 3 December 1817 in Weimar
1801–1810 From 1810 to 1817 Großherzoglich-Sächsischer Hofkapellmeister in Weimar.
Johann Gottfried Schicht.jpg Johann Gottfried Schicht
born 29 September 1753 in Reichenau (Saxony)
died 16 February 1823 in Leipzig
1810–1823
Christian Theodor Weinlig
born 25 July 1780 in Dresden
died 7 March 1842 in Leipzig
1823–1842 From 1814 to 1817 Kreuzkantor in Dresden.
Moritz Hauptmann
born 13 October 1792 in Dresden
died 3 January 1868 in Leipzig
1842–1868
EFE Richter.jpg Ernst Friedrich Richter
born 24 October 1808 in Großschönau (Lausitz)
died 9 April 1879 in Leipzig
1868–1879
Wilhelm Rust
born 15 August 1822 in Dessau
died 2 May 1892 in Leipzig
1880–1892
Gustav Schreck
born 8 September 1849 in Zeulenroda
died 22 January 1918 in Leipzig
1893–1918
Karl straube.jpg Karl Straube
born 6 January 1873 in Berlin
died 27 April 1950 in Leipzig
1918–1939
Fotothek df roe-neg 0002787 003 Podium der Bachfeier, Günther Ramin im Vordergrund.jpg Günther Ramin
born 15 October 1898 in Karlsruhe
died 27 February 1956 in Leipzig
1939–1956
Kurt Thomas
born 25 May 1904 in Tönning
died 31 March 1973 in Bad Oeynhausen
1957–1960
Erhard Mauersberger
born 29 December 1903 in Mauersberg bei Marienberg
died 11 December 1982 in Leipzig
1961–1972
Hans-Joachim Rotzsch
born 25 April 1929 in Leipzig
died 2013
1972–1991
Georg Christoph Biller
born 20 September 1955 in Nebra (Unstrut)
since 1992

Bibliography[edit]

  • Stefan Altner: Das Thomaskantorat im 19. Jahrhundert. Bewerber und Kandidaten für das Leipziger Thomaskantorat in den Jahren 1842 bis 1918. Quellenstudien zur Entwicklung des Thomaskantorats und des Thomanerchors vom Wegfall der öffentlichen Singumgänge 1837 bis zur ersten Auslandsreise 1920. Passage-Verlag, Leipzig 2006, ISBN 3-938543-15-9.
  • Johann Gottfried Stallbaum: Über den innern Zusammenhang musikalischer Bildung der Jugend mit dem Gesammtzwecke des Gymnasiums. Eine Inauguralrede, nebst biographischen Nachrichten über die Cantoren an der Thomasschule zu Leipzig. Fritzsche, Leipzig 1842.

External links[edit]