Thomson Dam

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Thomson Dam
Thomson Reservoir.jpg
Thomson Dam is located in Victoria
Thomson Dam
Location of the Thomson Dam in Victoria
Country Australia
Location West Gippsland, Victoria
Coordinates 37°50′34″S 146°23′56″E / 37.84278°S 146.39889°E / -37.84278; 146.39889Coordinates: 37°50′34″S 146°23′56″E / 37.84278°S 146.39889°E / -37.84278; 146.39889
Purpose Water supply, irrigation
Status Operational
Construction began 1976
Opening date May 1983 (1983-05)
Owner(s) Melbourne Water
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Embankment dam
Impounds Thomson River
Height (foundation) 166 m (545 ft)
Length 590 m (1,940 ft)
Dam volume 14,170×10^3 m3 (500×10^6 cu ft)
Spillways 1
Spillway type Controlled chute
Spillway capacity 1,040 m3/s (37,000 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Creates Thomson Reservoir (official); called Lake Thomson
Total capacity 1,123,090 ML (2.4705×1011 imp gal; 2.9669×1011 US gal)
Catchment area 487 km2 (188 sq mi)
Surface area 22.3 km2 (8.6 sq mi)
Normal elevation 494 m (1,621 ft) AHD
Website
Thomson Reservoir at Melbourne Water

The Thomson Dam is a major earth and rockfill embankment dam with a controlled chute spillway across the Thomson River, located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) east of Melbourne in the West Gippsland region of the Australian state of Victoria. The impounded reservoir is officially called Thomson Reservoir, sometimes called Lake Thomson.

Location and features[edit]

The dam is located near the former township of Beardmore and the Baw Baw National Park.

Despite opposition from conservationists and farmers, plans for the dam were originally approved in late December 1975 to provide Melbourne with water security. A dam on the Thomson River was preferred because the river had a large flow, high water quality and was elevated high enough to provide water to the upper Yarra system by gravity flow.[1]

Early work in the early 1970s saw construction of a 19 kilometres (12 mi) long tunnel through the Thomson Yarra divide to allow water from the Thomson River to flow into the Upper Yarra Reservoir. Work on the dam itself commenced in 1976 and the dam wall was ready to contain water by 1983.

The tunnel, which is located at the northern end of the reservoir, allows water to be transferred west to Upper Yarra Reservoir and then on to Silvan Reservoir for distribution as drinking water in Melbourne.

Water supply levels[edit]

Since 1997, drought has resulted in depletion of much of the reservoir's water. 2006 in particular was a devastating year for Melbourne's water supply, where little rain and inflows resulted in a continuous drop in water levels. In early January 2006, the Thomson Dam was at 45.4%. While there were minor rises in water levels occasionally, the Thomson Dam reached its all-time low of 16.2% on 3 July 2009.[2]

Heavy rainfall in 2010 and 2011 has increased Melbourne's water storages to levels not seen for ten years.[3] The Thomson Dam entered winter 2011 at 39% full[4] and by the end of 2011 had reached 54.4% full.[5]

The last time the reservoir was full and spilling was in the spring of 1996.

The Thomson Dam is managed by Melbourne Water.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pigram, John J. (2007). Australia's Water Resources: From use to management. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-643-09442-0. 
  2. ^ Melbourne Water: Water Storage Levels Archive
  3. ^ http://www.melbournewater.com.au/content/water_storages/water_report/weekly_water_report_archives.asp?year=2001&file=wrr010104.html
  4. ^ http://www.melbournewater.com.au/content/water_storages/water_report/weekly_water_report_archives.asp?year=2011&file=wrr110603.html
  5. ^ http://www.melbournewater.com.au/content/water_storages/water_report/weekly_water_report_archives.asp?year=2011&file=wrr111216.html
  6. ^ Melbourne Water

External links[edit]