Thoran (Malayalam: തോരന്, pronounced [t̪oːɾan]; or Upperi in Malabar) is a Keralite dish. This popular and common dish is usually prepared to be eaten along with steamed rice. It is usually served as part of the Sadhya along with other dishes.
Thoran is a dry dish traditionally made of finely chopped vegetables such as yardlong bean, unripe jackfruit, bittergourd (കയ്പ്പക്ക/പാവയ്ക്ക) or whitespot giant arum, of leaves such as green or red cheera (ചീര), Moringa oleifera or Ipomoea aquatica, as well as of flowers such as Moringa oleifera or Sesbania grandiflora.
Thoran can be also made with carrots, green beans, cabbage, green tomatoes or spinach, vegetables that were traditionally not available in Kerala. The traditional recipes made in the Southern parts of Kerala do not use garlic, but presently garlic and onion are also added.
Thoran is also the name of a game.
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