Thorne, Quebec

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Thorne
Municipality
Ladysmith
Ladysmith
Location within Pontiac RCM.
Location within Pontiac RCM.
Thorne is located in Western Quebec
Thorne
Thorne
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°45′N 76°26′W / 45.750°N 76.433°W / 45.750; -76.433Coordinates: 45°45′N 76°26′W / 45.750°N 76.433°W / 45.750; -76.433[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM Pontiac
Constituted January 1, 1860
Government[2]
 • Mayor Ross Vowles
 • Federal riding Pontiac
 • Prov. riding Pontiac
Area[2][3]
 • Total 181.80 km2 (70.19 sq mi)
 • Land 175.21 km2 (67.65 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 292
 • Density 1.7/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 31.6%
 • Dwellings 374
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0X 2A0
Area code(s) 819
Highways Route 301
Route 303
Website www.thornequebec.ca

Thorne is a municipality in the Pontiac Regional County Municipality, Quebec, Canada, about 63 kilometres (39 mi) northwest of Downtown Gatineau, part of the Outaouais region.

It is named after a town with the same name in Yorkshire, England. The name Thorn(e) is rarely used alone in English toponymy where it is more common in other forms such as Thornhill, Thornton, Thornley, Thornham, Thorngrove.[4]

Geography[edit]

Thorne is located in the Gatineau Hills with its highest hills reaching an elevation of 300 metres (980 ft) above sea level. Its notable lakes are Barnes, Johnson, Mecham, Sparling, Thorne, and Toote Lakes.[5]

Its settlements include Greer Mount, Hodgins, Ladysmith, Schwartz, Thornby, and Thorne Centre.[5]

History[edit]

On May 1, 1861, the Township of Thorne was formed when it separated from Clarendon Township. But because it was too small to form its own municipality, it was merged with Leslie Township.[6] James Martin was its first mayor.[7]

That same year, it had a population between 450 to 465 people, made up of mixed national origin but only fourteen French Canadians.[5][7] During the next ten years, the area had a large increase of settlers from German descent.[7]

In 1867, Leslie Township separated (now part of Otter Lake) and Thorne was merged with its neighbouring townships to form the United Township Municipality of Thorne-Cawood-et-Alleyn. In 1876, the Cawood and Alleyn townships were separated, resulting in the creation of the Township Municipality of Thorne on January 1, 1877, with John Rennix as mayor.[4][6]

On August 2, 2003, the statute of the municipality changed and the Township Municipality of Thorne became the Municipality of Thorne.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical Census Data - Thorne, Quebec[10]
Year Pop. ±%
1991 359 —    
1996 397 +10.6%
Year Pop. ±%
2001 408 +2.8%
2006 427 +4.7%
Year Pop. ±%
2011 292 −31.6%

Language[edit]

Languages:[8]

  • English as first language: 81%
  • French as first language: 13%
  • Other as first language: 6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 379135 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b "Thorne". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  3. ^ a b c "Thorne census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  4. ^ a b c "Municipalité de Canton de Thorne" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  5. ^ a b c "Canton de Thorne" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  6. ^ a b "History of Thorne". Municipality of Thorne. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  7. ^ a b c "Pontiac MRC Gateway: Thorne". Pontiac MRC Gateway. Retrieved 2008-06-20. [dead link]
  8. ^ a b "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  10. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census