Thornton Leigh Hunt
|Thornton Leigh Hunt|
10 September 1810|
|Died||25 June 1873
Kilburn, London, England
|Occupation||Journalist and editor|
|Spouse(s)||Katharine Gliddon (1834-1873)|
|Relatives||Leigh Hunt (father)|
|Family||Leigh Hunt (father)
Marianne Hunt (mother)
Hunt was the son of the writer Leigh Hunt and his wife Marianne, née Kent. As a child he lived in Hampstead until the age of twelve, when his father moved the family to Italy for three years in order to edit The Liberal. Though he aspired to become a painter, an allergy to the pigments he was using thwarted Hunt's ambitions, though he did provide eight woodcuts to illustrate his father's poem 'Captain Sword and Captain Pen'.
Lacking the ability to become an artist, Hunt instead took up a career in journalism. He was employed as a sub-editor for the Radical publication The Constitutional from 1837 until 1838, where he worked alongside William Makepeace Thackeray and Douglas Jerrold. In 1838 he went north where he worked as an editor for first the Cheshire Reformer, then the Glasgow Argus. He returned to London in 1840, where for the next several years he contributed to a variety of periodicals, co-founded The Leader with George Henry Lewes, and wrote a novel, The Foster-Brother: A tale of the War of Chiozza (1845).
In 1855, he was asked by Joseph Moses Levy to co-edit The Daily Telegraph with his son Edward Levy-Lawson. Hunt accepted and despite the initial arrangement he soon emerged for all practical purposes as the editor of the paper, a position he held until his death. A Liberal, Hunt was cultivated by Lord Palmerston, and developed a close relationship to William Ewart Gladstone, serving as his journalistic amanuensis during much of the 1860s. The two men corresponded on a variety of political issues, and were in close contact during the Reform Bill crisis in the 1860s.
Hunt was also editor of The Spectator from around 1859 to January 1861. James Buchanan was at that time President of the United States and was attempting to counter civil war over the issue of slavery, mostly by adopting a vascillatory position. Two Americans based in London - a businessman called John McHenry and an Assistant Secretary to ambassador George M. Dallas, called Benjamin Moran - determined to use the magazine as a counter to the generally anti-Buchanan position of the British press. Hunt had assisted Robert Stephen Rintoul at The Spectator and appears to have stayed on after Rintoul's death in April 1858. A short period under ownership by another person preceded the American purchase around December 1858. The nationality of those behind the purchase was disguised by dint of the co-financiers using Hunt as an intermediary, and he was installed as editor. The American owners dramatically altered the tone of the magazine, its circulation declined substantially and there were several occasions when Moran had to pump additional funds into the venture. Having paid £4200 for it, they sold for £2000 in January 1861, by which time Abraham Lincoln had taken over from Buchanan.
Throughout his life Hunt was often associated with liberal political movements. He was a charter member of the Association for the Promotion of the Repeal of the Taxes on Knowledge and campaigned with the Chartists and the People's International League. Hunt also engaged in unorthodox social arrangements such as communal living in a phalanstère. Though married to Katherine Gliddon from 1834 until his death, he became the lover of Agnes Jervis Lewes, the wife of his collaborator on The Leader, and fathered four children with her.
- Carroll Viera, "Hunt, Thornton Leigh", in The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, eds. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), vol. 28, p. 874.
- Stephen Koss, The Rise and Fall of the Political Press in Britain, vol. 1: The Nineteenth Century (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1981) 58, 97.
- The Gladstone Diaries, vol. 6, 1861-1868, H. C. G. Matthew, ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978)
- Fulton, Richard (Winter 1991). "The "Spectator" in Alien Hands". Victorian Periodicals Review (The Johns Hopkins University Press on behalf of the Research Society for Victorian Periodicals) 24 (4): 187–196. JSTOR 20082560. (subscription required)
- Viera, op cit.
|Editor of The Daily Telegraph