Thraco-Roman

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The term Thraco-Roman describes the Romanized culture of Thrace under the rule of the Roman Empire.

Historical background[edit]

Before the Romans[edit]

Arrival of the Romans[edit]

The Odrysian kingdom of Thrace became a Roman client kingdom ca. 20 BC, while the Greek city-states on the Black Sea coast came under Roman control, first as civitates foederatae ("allied" cities with internal autonomy). After the death of the Thracian king Rhoemetalces III in 46 AD and an unsuccessful anti-Roman revolt, the kingdom was annexed as the Roman province of Thracia.[1]

Post-Roman period[edit]

Language[edit]

Religion[edit]

"Thracian horseman" relief with Latin inscription at Philippi.

Archaeological sites[edit]

Famous individuals[edit]

This is a list of several important Thraco-Roman individuals:

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Soustal (1991), pp. 59–60
  2. ^ Dimitŭr Nikolov, "The Thraco-Roman Villa Rustica near Chatalka, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria", British Archaeological Reports, 1976
  3. ^ Second Meeting of the Expert Working Group: The 50 Most Attractive Tourist Sites in the Cross Border Region of Dobrudzha, http://www.dobrudzhatour.net/resources/72/doc_1333365852.pdf
  4. ^ a b Patrick Amory, People and Identity in Ostrogothic Italy, 489–554, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  5. ^ Russu, Ion I. (1976). Elementele traco-getice în Imperiul Roman și în Byzantium (in Romanian). veacurile III-VII. Editura Academiei R. S. România. p. 95. 
  6. ^ Iv Velkov, Velizar (1977). Cities in Thrace and Dacia in Late Antiquity: (studies and Materials). University of Michigan. p. 47. 
  7. ^ Browning, Robert (2003). Justinian and Theodora. Gorgias Press LLC. p. 23. ISBN 1-59333-053-7. 
  8. ^ Johnson, Scott Fitzgerald (2006). Greek Literature in Late Antiquity. Ashgate Publishing. p. 166. ISBN 0-7546-5683-7. 
  9. ^ Norwich, John Julius (1997). A Short History of Byzantium. Vintage Books. p. 59. ISBN 0-679-77269-3. 
  10. ^ The precise location of this site is disputed; the possible locations include Justiniana Prima near the modern town of Lebane in southern Serbia and Taor near Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
  11. ^ Cawley, Charles (14 February 2011). "Medieval Lands: Byzantium 395–1057". Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. fmg.ac. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Justinian referred to Latin as being his native tongue in several of his laws. See Moorhead (1994), p. 18.
  13. ^ The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian by Michael Maas
  14. ^ Justinian and Theodora Robert Browning, Gorgias Press LLC, 2003, ISBN 1-59333-053-7,p. 23.

References[edit]

  • Nicolae Saramandru: “Torna, Torna Fratre”; Bucharest, 2001–2002; Online: .pdf.
  • Nicolae-Şerban Tanaşoca: “«Torna, torna, fratre» et la romanité balkanique au VI e siècle” ("Torna, torna, fratre, and Balkan Romanity in the 6th century") Revue roumaine de linguistique, XXXVIII, Bucharest, 1993.
  • Nicolae Iorga: “Geschichte des rumänischen Volkes im Rahmen seiner Staatsbildungen” ("History of the Romanian people in the context of its statal formation"), I, Gotha, 1905; “Istoria românilor” ("History of the Romanians"), II, Bucharest, 1936. Istoria României ("History of Romania"), I, Bucharest, 1960.
  • Elton, Hugh (1996). Warfare in Roman Europe, AD 350-425. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-815241-5.