Thrasimund II of Spoleto

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Thrasimund II or Transamund II was the Lombard Duke of Spoleto from 724 to 745, though he was twice driven from power by the king, Liutprand. Transamund rose to power by deposing his own father, Faroald II, and tonsuring him in a monastery.

In 737 or 738, Thrasimund captured Gallese and thus disrupted communication between Rome and Ravenna. Pope Gregory III offered to pay for the return of Gallese in return for a peace treaty with Thrasimund. The treaty included the duke of Benevento, Gregory. Liutprand rejected the treaty as contrary his interests and attacked Thrasimund as a traitor. He had taken Spoleto by 16 June 739 and appointed Hilderic as his replacement.[1] Thrasimund fled to Rome, where Liutprand besieged him. The king took Amelia, Orte, Bomarzo, and Bieda, but still the pope refused to release his refugee. Gregory even wrote to ask Charles Martel, Duke of the Franks, for assistance. Charles, however, refused.[2]

In December 740, Thrasimund recovered his duchy and killed Hilderic with Papal-Beneventan aid,[3] but did not return the confiscated papal cities and his alliance with the pope ruptured. Liutprand did not recognise Thrasimund's reconquest and set out to dispossess him a second time. This time Liutprand met with Gregory's successor, Zachary, in 742 and, promising to restore the four towns, allied with the Romans and forced Thrasimund to flee again.[4] Thrasimund was caught and put in a monastery. Agiprand, Liutprand's nephew, was put in his place. The new duke of Benevento, Godescalc, who had succeeded Gregory without royal assent and continued to support Thrasimund, was the next object of royal wrath.

On Liutprand's death in 744, Thrasimund managed to regain power in Spoleto. He lasted another year under the weak King Hildeprand the Useless until he died.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hartmann, Ludo Moritz. Geschichte Italiens im Mittelalter. II, 2, 137-138.
  2. ^ Hodgkin, Thomas. Italy and her Invaders. Clarendon Press, 1895. pp 475—478.
  3. ^ Hartmann, II, 2, 139.
  4. ^ Hartmann, II, 2, pp. 139, 140.

Sources[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Faroald II
Duke of Spoleto
724–739
Succeeded by
Hilderic
Preceded by
Hilderic
Duke of Spoleto
740–742
Succeeded by
Agiprand
Preceded by
Agiprand
Duke of Spoleto
744–745
Succeeded by
Lupus