Threatened mammals of Europe

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The list below contains threatened mammals that dwell in or migrate to any region in Europe, the East Atlantic Ocean, and any nearby islands of the Atlantic Ocean. This includes mammals that are found in the East Atlantic Ocean (Azores), Iceland, the Adriatic Sea, the Sea of Azov, the Black and Caspian Sea, Corsica, Cyprus, Palearctic, Russia, Eurasia, North African Coast, the Mediterranean Sea and islands located in the Mediterranean Sea, and the islands of Spain (Canary, Balearic). The list below was compiled from data on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species (IUCN). The International Union for Conservation of Nature [1] identifies species in need of attention before approaching extinction and works to increase prevention of extinction. The list below includes Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR), and recently Extinct (EX) species.

Adult blue whale from the eastern Pacific Ocean.
A fin whale surfaces in the Kenai Fjords, Alaska.
A European bison in a game park near Springe.
Hamilton Smith's copy of a painting of an Aurochs believed to date to the 16th century.
Hooded seal pup (next to researcher) on ice in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
North Atlantic right whale mother and calf.
Adult marbled polecat (Vormela peregusna).
Scientific name Common name(s) Distribution Status
Ammotragus lervia Aoudad, Barbary Sheep, Uaddan Native:

Algeria; Chad; Egypt; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Mali; Mauritania; Morocco; Niger; Sudan; Tunisia Introduced: Mexico; Spain (Canary Is.); United States Presence uncertain: Western Sahara

Vulnerable
Arvicola sapidus Southwestern Water Vole France; Portugal; Spain Vulnerable
Balaenoptera borealis Sei Whale Angola; Argentina; Australia; Bahamas; Bermuda; Brazil; Canada; Cape Verde; Chile; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Falkland Islands (Malvinas); Faroe Islands; French Southern Territories (the); Gibraltar; Greenland; Haiti; Iceland; Ireland; Japan; Kenya; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Madagascar; Mauritania; Mexico; Morocco; Namibia; New Zealand; Northern Mariana Islands; Norway; Peru; Portugal; Réunion; Russian Federation; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; South Africa; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Spain; Turks and Caicos Islands; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Western Sahara Endangered
Balaenoptera musculus Blue Whale Angola; Argentina; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Benin; Bermuda; Brazil; Cameroon; Canada; Cape Verde; Chile; China; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Colombia; Comoros; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Djibouti; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Falkland Islands (Malvinas); Faroe Islands; France; French Southern Territories (the); Gabon; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Greenland; Grenada; Guatemala; Iceland; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Ireland; Japan; Kenya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Northern Mariana Islands; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Peru; Philippines; Pitcairn; Portugal; Réunion; Russian Federation; Saint Helena (Tristan da Cunha); Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Somalia; South Africa; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Spain; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Western Sahara; Yemen Endangered
Balaenoptera physalus Fin Whale Algeria; Angola; Argentina; Australia; Belgium; Bermuda; Brazil; Canada; Chile; China; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; Falkland Islands (Malvinas); Faroe Islands; Fiji; France; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories (the); Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Greenland; Iceland; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Japan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Lebanon; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madagascar; Malta; Mexico; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Netherlands; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Norway; Peru; Philippines; Pitcairn; Portugal; Réunion; Russian Federation; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; South Africa; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Western Sahara Endangered
Bison bonasus European Bison Native:

Belarus; Lithuania; Poland; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Ukraine Introduced: Kyrgyzstan

Vulnerable
Bos primigenius Aurochs Poland Extinct
Crocidura canariensis Canarian Shrew Spain (Canary Is.) Endangered
Crocidura zimmermanni Cretan White-toothed Shrew Greece (Kriti) Vulnerable
Cystophora cristata Hooded Seal Native:

Canada; Greenland; Iceland; Norway; United States Vagrant: Argentina; Bahamas; Bermuda; Denmark; Faroe Islands; France; Germany; Ireland; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Russian Federation; Spain; Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Turks and Caicos Islands; United Kingdom

Vulnerable
Dinaromys bogdanovi Native:

Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Macedonia, the Republic of; Montenegro; Serbia Presence uncertain: Albania; Greece

Vulnerable
Equus ferus Przewalski's Horse Regionally extinct:

Belarus; China; Germany; Kazakhstan; Lithuania; Poland; Russian Federation; Ukraine Reintroduced: Mongolia

Endangered
Eubalaena glacialis North Atlantic Right Whale Native:

Bahamas; Bermuda; Canada; United States Possibly extinct: Belgium; Faroe Islands; France; Germany; Ireland; Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Portugal (Azores, Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Spain (Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); United Kingdom; Western Sahara Vagrant: Greenland; Iceland

Endangered
Galemys pyrenaicus Pyrenean Desman Andorra; France; Portugal; Spain Vulnerable
Hydropotes inermis Chinese Water Deer Native:

China; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of Introduced: France; United Kingdom

Vulnerable
Lepus castroviejoi Broom Hare Spain Vulnerable
Lepus corsicanus Corsican Hare Native:

Italy (Sicilia) Presence uncertain: France (Corse)

Vulnerable
Lynx pardinus Iberian Lynx Native:

Spain Presence uncertain: Portugal

Critically Endangered
Macaca sylvanus Barbary Macaque Native:

Algeria; Morocco Regionally extinct: Tunisia Introduced: Gibraltar

Endangered
Microtus bavaricus Bavarian Pine Vole Native:

Austria Regionally extinct: Germany

Critically Endangered
Monachus monachus Mediterranean Monk Seal Native:

Algeria; Greece; Mauritania; Portugal (Azores - Regionally Extinct, Madeira - Regionally Extinct, Portugal (mainland) - Regionally Extinct); Turkey; Western Sahara Possibly extinct: Croatia; Gambia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Montenegro; Romania; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is. - Native, Spain (mainland) - Regionally Extinct); Tunisia Regionally extinct: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cape Verde; Cyprus; Egypt; France (Corse, France (mainland)); Georgia; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Lebanon; Malta; Morocco; Russian Federation; Senegal; Slovenia; Syrian Arab Republic; Ukraine Presence uncertain: Afghanistan

Critically Endangered
Mustela lutreola European Mink Native:

France; Romania; Russian Federation; Spain; Ukraine Regionally extinct: Austria; Belarus; Bulgaria; Croatia; Czech Republic; Estonia; Finland; Georgia; Germany; Hungary; Kazakhstan; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Montenegro; Netherlands; Poland; Serbia; Slovakia; Switzerland

Critically Endangered
Myomimus roachi Roach's Mouse-tailed Dormouse Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey Vulnerable
Myotis capaccinii Long-fingered Bat Native:

Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; France (Corse); Greece (Kriti); Holy See (Vatican City State); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Italy (Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Lebanon; Macedonia, the Republic of; Montenegro; Morocco; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia; Spain (Baleares); Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey Regionally extinct: Switzerland

Vulnerable
Nyctalus azoreum Azores Noctule Native:

Albania; Algeria; Angola; Antarctica; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Belgium; Belize; Benin; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Cameroon; Canada; Cape Verde; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Falkland Islands (Malvinas); Faroe Islands; Fiji; France; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Greenland; Grenada; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Iceland; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Marshall Islands; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia, Federated States of; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nauru; Netherlands; Netherlands Antilles; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Portugal; Russian Federation; Saint Helena; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovenia; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Yemen Presence uncertain: American Samoa; Anguilla; Aruba; Bermuda; Bosnia and Herzegovina; British Indian Ocean Territory; Cambodia; Cayman Islands; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Côte d'Ivoire; Eritrea; French Guiana; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories (the); Germany; Guadeloupe; Guam; Hong Kong; Martinique; Mayotte; Montenegro; Montserrat; Myanmar; New Caledonia; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Pitcairn; Puerto Rico; Qatar; Réunion; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saudi Arabia; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Sudan; Sweden; Tokelau; Turks and Caicos Islands; United Arab Emirates; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Western Sahara

Endangered
Physeter macrocephalus Sperm Whale Native:

Albania; Algeria; Angola; Antarctica; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Australia; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Barbados; Belgium; Belize; Benin; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Cameroon; Canada; Cape Verde; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea; Falkland Islands (Malvinas); Faroe Islands; Fiji; France; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece; Greenland; Grenada; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Iceland; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Lebanon; Liberia; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Malta; Marshall Islands; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico; Micronesia, Federated States of; Monaco; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Nauru; Netherlands; Netherlands Antilles; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Niue; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Peru; Philippines; Portugal; Russian Federation; Saint Helena; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Samoa; Sao Tomé and Principe; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Singapore; Slovenia; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Syrian Arab Republic; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Togo; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Tuvalu; United Kingdom; United States; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela; Viet Nam; Yemen Presence uncertain: American Samoa; Anguilla; Aruba; Bermuda; Bosnia and Herzegovina; British Indian Ocean Territory; Cambodia; Cayman Islands; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Cook Islands; Côte d'Ivoire; Eritrea; French Guiana; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories (the); Germany; Guadeloupe; Guam; Hong Kong; Martinique; Mayotte; Montenegro; Montserrat; Myanmar; New Caledonia; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Pitcairn; Puerto Rico; Qatar; Réunion; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Saudi Arabia; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Sudan; Sweden; Tokelau; Turks and Caicos Islands; United Arab Emirates; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Wallis and Futuna; Western Sahara

Vulnerable
Pipistrellus maderensis Madeira Pipistrelle Portugal (Azores - Presence Uncertain, Madeira); Spain (Canary Is.) Endangered
Plecotus sardus Sardinian Long-eared Bat Italy (Sardegna) Vulnerable
Plecotus teneriffae Tenerife Long-eared Bat Spain (Canary Is.) Endangered
Prolagus sardus Sardinian Pika France (Corse); Italy (Sardegna) Extinct
Rhinolophus mehelyi Mehely's Horseshoe Bat Native:

Afghanistan; Algeria; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cyprus; Egypt; Georgia; Gibraltar; Greece; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Italy (Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Macedonia, the Republic of; Moldova; Montenegro; Morocco; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovenia; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey Regionally extinct: Croatia Presence uncertain: France

Vulnerable
Saiga tatarica Mongolian Saiga Native:

Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Russian Federation; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan Regionally extinct: China; Moldova; Poland; Ukraine

Critically Endangered
Spermophilus citellus European Ground Squirrel Native:

Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Greece; Hungary; Macedonia, the Republic of; Moldova; Romania; Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia); Slovakia; Turkey; Ukraine Regionally extinct: Croatia; Germany Reintroduced: Poland

Vulnerable
Ursus maritimus Polar Bear Native:

Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); Greenland; Norway; Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk, North European Russia, West Siberia, Yakutiya); Svalbard and Jan Mayen; United States (Alaska) Presence uncertain: Iceland

Vulnerable
Vormela peregusna European Marbled Polecat Native:

Afghanistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; China; Georgia; Greece; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Kazakhstan; Lebanon; Macedonia, the Republic of; Mongolia; Montenegro; Pakistan; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan

Vulnerable

References[edit]

See also[edit]