Three Furnaces

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The term Three Furnaces (simplified Chinese: 火炉; traditional Chinese: 火爐; pinyin: sān dà huǒlú) refers to the especially hot and oppressively humid summer weather in several major cities in the Yangtze River Valley, within China. It was coined during the Republican period of China, and refers to the following cities:[1]

Sometimes, Changsha or Nanchang are added, making the Four Furnaces (火炉). In addition to the above 5 cities, Hangzhou and Shanghai are added to form the Seven Furnaces (七大火炉).

Yet the above names originate mainly from popular opinion, not necessarily on the basis of data. Meteorologists only give the title "Three Furnaces" to Fuzhou, Hangzhou, and Chongqing. The next seven hottest cities (2000—2009), are Changsha, Wuhan, Haikou, Nanchang, Guangzhou, Xi'an, and Nanning. Unlike the other cities, Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province, lies within the northwest.

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  1. ^ "为什么重庆、武汉、南京有“三大火炉”之称?" (in Simplified Chinese). Guangzhou Popular Science News Net (广州科普资讯网). 2007-09-12. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 

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