Three Little Girls in Blue

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Three Little Girls in Blue
Three Little Girls in Blue (1946) 1.jpg
Publicity still for film with June Haver, Vera-Ellen, and Vivian Blaine
Directed by H. Bruce Humberstone
Written by Stephen Powys
Valentine Davies
Based on Three Blind Mice
1938 play 
by Stephen Powys
Starring June Haver
George Montgomery
Vivian Blaine
Vera-Ellen
Music by Mack Gordon
Josef Myrow
Cinematography Ernest Palmer
Charles G. Clarke
Edited by Barbara McLean
Distributed by 20th Century-Fox
Release dates October 1946 (USA)
Running time 93 minutes
Language English
Budget $2,335,000[1]

Three Little Girls in Blue is a 1946 Technicolor musical film from 20th Century-Fox that starred June Haver along with George Montgomery, Vivian Blaine, Celeste Holm, and Vera-Ellen. The film was adapted from Guy Bolton's 1938 play Three Blind Mice and featured songs with music by Josef Myrow and lyrics by Mack Gordon.[2] The score is notable for the first appearance of the classic "You Make Me Feel So Young", popularized by Frank Sinatra in 1956.[3]

Plot summary[edit]

In 1902 New Jersey, sisters of modest means Pam (June Haver), Liz (Vivian Blaine), and Myra Charters (Vera-Ellen) inherit a chicken farm from their aunt. They soon discover that the windfall is not quite enough to finance their dreams of attracting and marrying millionaires. Reasoning that if one of them catches a rich husband, the other two will thereafter find it easier to do the same, they decide to pool their inheritances. Pam poses as a wealthy heiress, Liz poses as her social secretary, and Myra poses as her maid.

The three go to Atlantic City, check into a luxurious hotel, and promptly meet millionaire Steve Harrington (Frank Latimore). When Steve sends a bottle of champagne to Pam, Myra meets Mike (Charles Smith), a waiter who becomes taken with her. A third man, Steve's friend Van Damm Smith (George Montgomery), ostensibly another millionaire, joins in the following day when the girls' plot to interest Steve by pretending to be drowning goes awry. Steve and Van both court Pam, while Myra and Mike fall in love. Although ostensibly pursuing Pam, Steve begins to be attracted to Liz. Van proposes to Pam; however, she tells him the truth about her plan to marry a rich man and he in turn reveals that he is not really rich and is also scheming to marry a rich woman. The two call off their romance, deciding to stick to their plans of marrying money. Van helps Pam by telling Steve that she is in love with him; Steve proposes to Pam and she accepts.

The couples are all sorted out after a trip to Harrington's family home in Maryland, with some help from his sister Miriam (Celeste Holm). Steve finally realizes he is in love with Liz, Van and Pam decide they would rather be with one another, and Mike and Myra are married.[4]

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Production on this movie began in November 1945 and was completed in February 1946,[5] over 100 days of shooting at a cost of $2,335,000.[1] The main cast members were all on contract to Fox;[6] Celeste Holm made her Hollywood film debut as Miriam Harrington.[7]

Screenplay[edit]

Valentine Davies adapted the screenplay from the play Three Blind Mice by Stephen Powys (aka, Guy Bolton).[a] Fox had acquired the American rights to the play in 1937,[8] first making a non-musical 1938 movie (also called Three Blind Mice).[b] It was adapted as the movie musical Moon Over Miami in 1941 before being tapped again five years later as the basis for Three Little Girls in Blue.[11] The plot—three fortune-hunting sisters encounter humorous difficulties—was scarcely altered; even the character names are largely unchanged from the play. The locale was shifted to Atlantic City and the timeframe moved to 1902, reflecting a turn-of-the-century theme popular in musicals at the time.[12]

Music[edit]

Mack Gordon, who also produced the film, wrote the lyrics and Josef Myrow composed most of the songs for Three Little Girls in Blue, including "On the Boardwalk (in Atlantic City)", "Somewhere in the Night", and "You Make Me Feel So Young". Initially, Gordon thought "You Make Me Feel So Young" too modern for the 1902 setting, but when Darryl F. Zanuck heard all the music played, he insisted on using it three times in the movie; it would go on to become a perennial standard when Frank Sinatra recorded it in 1956 (Songs for Swingin' Lovers!).[3] "This is Always", composed by Harry Warren with lyrics by Gordon, was sung by Haver and Ben Gage (singing for Montgomery) in production, but the number did not make the final cut;[13] however, it became a popular ballad the year the film was released,[14] recorded by both Jo Stafford and Dick Haymes. "If You Can't Get a Girl in the Summertime", playing in the background while Haver and Montgomery dance, was not written for the film but was composed in 1915 by Harry Tierney with lyrics by Bert Kalmar.[15]

Several of the main roles were not sung by the actors portraying them. Vera-Ellen's singing voice was dubbed by Carol Stewart, Ben Gage dubbed for George Montgomery, Bob Scott sang for Frank Latimore, and Del Porter for Charles Smith.[16]

Release[edit]

Three Little Girls in Blue premiered at the Apollo Theatre in Atlantic City[17] on September 3, 1946, opened in New York on September 26, and opened across the US in October.[5] It was one of six films to earn over $3 million for Fox in 1946.[18]

Reviews[edit]

Bosley Crowther of the New York Times gave the film a reserved but positive review, calling it "just a sprightly, happy show"; Holm and Vera-Ellen were singled out for praise, as was the score.[19] The industry paper Film Daily also discounted the story but praised the score and the production; this review, too, took note of the performances of Holm and Vera-Ellen.[20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Stephen Powys" was a pseudonym used by Virginia de Lanty, Bolton's wife; however, Three Blind Mice is generally considered to be the work of Bolton himself.[8][9]
  2. ^ The play itself was not staged until early 1938 in London.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aubrey Solomon (2002). Twentieth Century-Fox: A Corporate and Financial History. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 111; 243. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1. 
  2. ^ Stanley Green (1999). Hollywood Musicals Year by Year. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-634-00765-1. 
  3. ^ a b Michael Whorf (2012). American Popular Song Composers: Oral Histories, 1920s–1950s. McFarland. pp. 147–148. ISBN 978-0-7864-9062-2. 
  4. ^ "Three Little Girls in Blue – Synopsis". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2014-12-15. 
  5. ^ a b "Three Little Girls in Blue – Original Print Information". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2014-12-15. 
  6. ^ Joel Waldo Finler (2003). The Hollywood Story. Wallflower Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-903364-66-6. 
  7. ^ Barry Monush (2003). Screen World Presents the Encyclopedia of Hollywood Film Actors: From the silent era to 1965. Applause Theatre & Cinema Books. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-55783-551-2. 
  8. ^ a b Richard M. Sudhalter (2003). Stardust Melody: The Life and Music of Hoagy Carmichael. Oxford University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-19-516898-3. 
  9. ^ "Three Blind Mice (1938) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2014-12-18. 
  10. ^ J. P. Wearing (2014). The London Stage 1930–1939: A Calendar of Productions, Performers, and Personnel. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 781. ISBN 978-0-8108-9304-7. 
  11. ^ Leonard Maltin; Luke Sader; Mike Clark (2008). Leonard Maltin's 2009 Movie Guide. Penguin Group. p. 1408. ISBN 978-0-452-28978-9. 
  12. ^ Charles Affron; Mirella Jona Affron (2009). Best Years: Going to the Movies, 1945–1946. Rutgers University Press. pp. 75–76. ISBN 978-0-8135-4845-6. 
  13. ^ Jack Burton (December 23, 1950). "The Honor Roll of Popular Songwriters: No. 82, Harry Warren". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc.). p. 32. 
  14. ^ "Songs with Greatest Radio Audiences". Billboard (Nielsen). November 30, 1946. p. 24. 
  15. ^ Library of Congress. Copyright Office (1915). Catalog of Copyright Entries: Musical compositions. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 478. 
  16. ^ Thomas S. Hischak (2008). The Oxford Companion to the American Musical. Oxford University Press. p. 503. ISBN 978-0-19-533533-0. 
  17. ^ "'Three Little Girls' Bow Draws Top 'Take'". The Film Daily. September 6, 1946. Retrieved 2014-12-21. 
  18. ^ Peter Lev (2013). Twentieth Century-Fox: The Zanuck–Skouras Years, 1935–1965. University of Texas Press. p. 102. ISBN 978-0-292-74447-9. 
  19. ^ Bosley Crowther (September 26, 1946). "'Three Little Girls in Blue,' a Sprightly Musical With June Haver, Vera-Ellen and Vivian Blaine, Presented at the Roxy". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-18. 
  20. ^ "Three Little Girls in Blue". The Film Daily. September 5, 1946. Retrieved 2014-12-20. 

External links[edit]