Through and through

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Through and through describes a situation where an object, real or imaginary, passes completely through another object, also real or imaginary. The phrase has several common uses:

Printmaking[edit]

An image may be through and through in the following cases:

Through and through images are more durable; they do not easily wear off.

In the case that the image can be viewed from the other side, we see the mirror image, just like in the case of a transparent image, such as a drawing on a transparent sheet.

A sheet with a through and through image is achiral. We can distinguish two cases:

  • the sheet surface with the image has no axis of symmetry parallel to the axis of rotation - the two sides are different (e.g. U on a page rotated L-R)
  • the sheet surface with the image has an axis of symmetry parallel to the axis of rotation - the two sides are the same (e.g. C on a page rotated L-R)

Forensics[edit]

Through and through is also used in forensics to describe a bullet that has passed through a body, leaving both entry and exit wounds.

See also[edit]