Thulin K

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Thulin K
Role Single or two- seat fighter
National origin Sweden
Manufacturer AB Thulinverken
Designer Enoch Thulin
First flight 1917
Introduction 1917
Retired 1920
Primary user Royal Netherlands Navy
Number built 17

The Thulin K was a Swedish naval fighter aircraft in the 1910s. It was operated by both the Swedish and Dutch armed forces.

Development[edit]

Dr. Enoch Thulin, of AB Thulinverken, designed the Thulin K in December 1916. It was a shoulder-wing monoplane of wooden construction employing wing warping for lateral control. Powered by a 90 hp Thulin A Gnôme derived rotary engine, it could be configured as a single seat or tandem seat aircraft.[1]

Operational history[edit]

After initial flights in early 1917, the Swedish Army purchased two of the single seat K versions. However, it was more successful as an export plane; the Royal Netherlands Navy bought twelve Ks between 1917 and 1918 and three Thulin KAs. Both types were delivered without armament but the Dutch Navy fitted theirs with machine guns firing through the propeller arc and also experimented with 20 mm Madson cannons.[1]

The aircraft's performance was good - Thulin himself broke the Swedish altitude record in it in 1919. However, on 14 May 1919[2] Thulin's own Thulin K lost an aileron in a steep dive, crashing and killing him. The rest of the Thulin Ks were written off in 1920 and the Thulin KAs were withdrawn in 1922.[citation needed]

Variants[edit]

Thulin K
Single-seat production variant, two built for Flygcompaniet and twelve for the Dutch Navy.[1]
Thulin KA
Two-seat version for the Royal Netherlands Navy, three built.[1]

Operators[edit]

 Sweden
 Netherlands

Specifications (Thulin K)[edit]

Data from Green 1994[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.50 m (21 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.10 m (29 ft 10¼ in)
  • Height: 2.55 m (8 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 14.00 m2 (150.7 ft2)
  • Gross weight: 520 kg (1,146 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Thulin A rotary engine, 67 kW (90 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 150 km/h (93 at sea level mph)
  • Service ceiling: 5,485 m (18,000 ft)

Armament

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Green, William; Swanborough, Gordon (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. p. 570. ISBN 1-85833-777-1. 
  2. ^ Taylor, Michael (2001). Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War I. London: Jane's Publishing Company. p. 223. ISBN 1-85170-347-0. 

External links[edit]