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Thulukkar is the group of Tamil speaking Muslim populations in south and central Kerala. They are supposed to have migrated from Tamil Nadu to various parts of Kerala through the Western Ghats. Many members of the Thulukkar community migrated to Pakistan after independence and settled in Karachi, Sindh. They are called "anna" in Kerala, owing to the pseudo-Tamil language they speak. "Thulukkar" name has derived from the word "Turki". In north and central Kerala native Muslims are predominant and are called Mappila. In the former south Travancore region, Thulukkars are the common Muslims, especially in Trivandrum district and in certain pockets in the eastern hill ranges like Erattupetta and Thodupuzha

Many Tamil Muslims migrated to Alappuzha from places like Tirunelveli, Madurai and Thanjavur during the last 50-60[when?] years and they are also Thulukkar.

They were speaking Tamil until the vast majority shifted to Malayalam as their first language. Most of them follow the Hanafi school of Islam.

Erattupetta town in Kottayam district in Central Travancore has a significant Thulukkar population along with Pathanamthitta town, athikkattukulangara, Kanjirapally town and Thodupuzha.

They have surnames such as Rawther, Labba and Kannu.

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