Thun und Hohenstein

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Thun und Hohenstein, also known as Thun-Hohenstein, is a family which belongs to the historical Bohemian and Austrian nobility. One branch of the family has dwelled at Děčín (Tetschen), Bohemia, for more than 200 years.

A feudal family originally from Tyrol, the male line traces back to Manfreinus of Tunno in 1187.[1] All males of the family were granted the title of Count of the Holy Roman Empire (Reichsgraf) in 1629, and that of Prince (Fürst) was conferred upon the head of the family, along with the style of Durchlaucht in the Austrian Empire in 1911.[1] They were hereditary members of the Austrian House of Lords, in right of possession of the entailed manor of Tetschen since 1879.[1]

Friedrich von Thun und Hohenstein[edit]

Of the three sons of Count Franz, the eldest, Friedrich (1810–1881), entered the diplomatic service. After holding other posts he was in 1850 appointed president of the restored German Diet at Frankfurt, where he represented the anti-Prussian policy of Prince Felix Schwarzenberg, and often came into conflict with Prince Bismarck, who was the Prussian envoy. He was afterwards ambassador at Berlin and St. Petersburg. After his retirement from the public service in 1863 in the Bohemian Landtag and the Austrian Reichsrat he supported the federal policy of his brother Leo. In 1879 he was made a hereditary member of the Upper House. In this position he was, on his death 24 September 1881, succeeded by his eldest son Franz Anton (born 1847).

Maria Wilhelmine von Thun und Hohenstein[edit]

Countess Maria Wilhelmine von Thun und Hohenstein, née Uhlfeldt[2] (1744–1800[3]) was a Viennese aristocrat of the 18th century. She is remembered as the hostess of a musically and intellectually outstanding salon, and for her patronage of music, notably that of Mozart and Beethoven.

Leopold von Thun und Hohenstein[edit]

Leopold, Count von Thun und Hohenstein

Count Leopold von Thun und Hohenstein (1811–1888), was a leading Austrian statesmen who later became minister in the cabinets of Schwarzenberg and Bach.

Franz Anton von Thun und Hohenstein[edit]

Count Franz Anton von Thun und Hohenstein, Czech: hrabě František Antonín z Thunu a Hohensteina (1847–1916) was an Austro-Hungarian noble and statesman. He served as the Habsburg's Governor of his native Bohemia from 1889 to 1896 and again from 1911 to 1915. He was elevated to princely rank by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on July 19, 1911 but, leaving no sons, he was succeeded in the princely title by his brother Jaroslav (1864-1929).[1]

Galeazzo von Thun und Hohenstein[edit]

Fra' Galeazzo von Thun und Hohenstein (1850–1931) was the 75th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1905 to 1931.

Róża Maria von Thun und Hohenstein[edit]

Main article: Róża Thun

Róża Maria Gräfin von Thun und Hohenstein (née Woźniakowska, born 13 April 1954), usually shortened to Róża Thun, she has married count Franz Graf von Thun und Hohenstein in 1981. She is a European Parliament Member (MEP) from Poland since 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Almanach de Gotha, Thun und Hohenstein. Justus Perthes, 1944, p.539. French.
  2. ^ Deutsch 1965, 673
  3. ^ A-Wstm, Taufbuch Tom. B, p. 456

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.