Thurstaston

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Thurstaston
St. Bartholomews Church, Thurstaston (geograph 2866085).jpg
St Bartholomew's Church, Thurstaston
Thurstaston is located in Merseyside
Thurstaston
Thurstaston
 Thurstaston shown within Merseyside
Population 160 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ246839
Metropolitan borough Wirral
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIRRAL
Postcode district CH61
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Wirral West
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Coordinates: 53°20′49″N 3°07′59″W / 53.347°N 3.133°W / 53.347; -3.133

Thurstaston is a village on the Wirral Peninsula, England. It is part of the West Kirby & Thurstaston Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. The village lies on the A540 road between Heswall and Caldy, although it stretches some distance down Station Road to the bank of the Dee estuary where there is a large caravan park.

At the time of the 2001 Census, the village itself had only 160 inhabitants,[1] although the national census included Caldy and parts of Irby, bringing the total population to 15,548.[2]

History[edit]

Thurstaston means "village of a man called Thorsteinn / Þorsteinn", from the Old Norse personal name Thorsteinn / Þorsteinn and Old English tún "farm, village". A record of the name as Torstestiune in 1048 proves this origin. The village was mentioned in the Domesday Book as Turstanetone. Historically and popularly, the name was wrongly thought to refer to "Thor's Stone", a sandstone outcrop on Thurstaston Common.[3]

Thurstaston, including the hamlet of Dawpool, was a parish within the Wirral Hundred, in the county of Cheshire. The population was 112 in 1801, 98 in 1851, 141 in 1901 and 151 in 1951.[4]

The village is centred on the church of St Bartholomew, and Thurstaston Hall, of which parts date from 1350, although most of the current building dates from between 1680 and 1835. A ghostly "white lady" is said to haunt the Hall.

The earliest mention of a Church occurs around 1125 but other evidence suggests that one may have existed in Saxon times. The Norman church endured for many hundreds of years but was eventually taken down in 1820 and a second edifice, a plain stone building, was completed in 1824. In 1871, the executors of Joseph Hegan of Dawpool set apart £4,500 for a new church to be erected in his memory. This was designed in late 13th century mid-gothic style by John Loughborough Pearson, also the architect of Truro Cathedral, and was built entirely of local sandstone. It was consecrated in 1886. Although nothing remains of the earlier Norman church, the tower of the second one still stands in the churchyard and the sandstone of the building was used to construct a wall enclosing the new churchyard.

In 1882 the Liverpool shipowner Thomas Ismay, founder of White Star Line built his mansion 'Dawpool' at Thurstaston; Ismay is said to have used his influence to ensure that the West Kirby - Hooton railway be routed a mile away along the Dee Estuary, rather than closer to the village. He was also successful in moving the main Heswall to West Kirby road, which came too close to the doorstep of his mansion, via a cutting through Thurstaston Hill.[3] Ismay is buried in the nearby St Bartholomew's churchyard. The solidly-built 'Dawpool', designed by Richard Norman Shaw, was demolished by explosives in 1927.[5] Still standing in the village is the original building of Dawpool Primary School, now a private house.

Civic history[edit]

Between 1894 and 1933, Thurstaston was part of Wirral Rural District, then subsequently Wirral Urban District. On 1 April 1974, local government reorganisation in England and Wales resulted in most of Wirral, including Thurstaston, transfer from the county of Cheshire to Merseyside.

Geography[edit]

Thurstaton beach

Thurstaston is notable for the large areas of parkland and heathland. Thurstaston Common is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and a local nature reserve. Nearby is Thurstaston Hill, a 298 ft Triassic sandstone ridge and one of the highest points on the Wirral. On the eastern side of the hill is Thorstone Rock, a large sandstone mound which was reputed, in early times, to have been thrown by the Norse God, Thor. The reality is of course somewhat more mundane; the rock mound, being totally sandstone has been worn constantly by the elements as well as many visitors prepared to climb to its small summit. The offices and a visitor centre of Wirral Country Park are situated near the site of what was Thurstaston railway station. The former trackbed of part of the Birkenhead Railway has been converted into a public path - the 'Wirral Way'. The visitor centre contains displays relevant to the local ecology.

Transport[edit]

Bus[edit]

Number Route Operator Days of Operation
22A West Kirby-Chester Avon Buses Monday-Saturday

Train[edit]

Thurstaston railway station, on the Chester and Birkenhead Railway branch line from Hooton to West Kirby, opened in 1886 and closed to passengers in 1954. The route is now a public footpath.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wirral 2001 Census: Thurstaston, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, retrieved 16 July 2007 
  2. ^ 2001 Census: Thurstaston, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 16 July 2007 
  3. ^ a b Amlot, Martin, History of the Parish, archived from the original on 29 September 2007, retrieved 16 July 2007 [dead link]
  4. ^ Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Thurstaston, GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 16 July 2007 
  5. ^ Dawpool, Lost Heritage, retrieved 14 January 2007 

External links[edit]