Thury, Yonne

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Thury
Coat of arms of Thury
Coat of arms
Thury is located in France
Thury
Thury
Coordinates: 47°35′14″N 3°17′43″E / 47.5872°N 3.2953°E / 47.5872; 3.2953Coordinates: 47°35′14″N 3°17′43″E / 47.5872°N 3.2953°E / 47.5872; 3.2953
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Yonne
Arrondissement Auxerre
Canton Saint-Sauveur-en-Puisaye
Area
 • Land1 23.22 km2 (8.97 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 472
 • Population2 density 20/km2 (53/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 89416 / 89520
Elevation 222–328 m (728–1,076 ft)
(avg. 282 m or 925 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Thury is a commune in the Yonne department in Burgundy in north-central France. Its inhabitants are called Thurycois and Thurycoises.

Geography[edit]

Soil[edit]

Chemical analysis of soils by Professor Gérard Mottet (2006 seminar given Toucy within the University for All-Puisaye land).

  • Secondary (Jurassic – 205 to 140 million years) "the separation of South America and Africa has created a body of water hot for producing organic life – more compact limestone – and the career Aubigny (Yonne) comprises warm sea coral limestone."
  • Cretaceous (140 to 65 million years) "cooling sea chalk product composed of a large amount of colloidal silica (Senonian chalk). Then decalcification clays (clays or training decalcification) found near La Puisaye and Othe.

Geology[edit]

  • Eight major faults traverse fossilized limestone plateaux of the La Puisaye and land, one of which crosses Thury in a direction north and extends south through the hamlet of Les Grangettes.
  • "The floor of the land is formed by Jurassic limestone (secondary field). Sedimentary layers in succession from south-east to north-west: Oxfordian, Kimmeridgian and the Portlandian, which then sinks beneath the Cretaceous of Puisaye .... "(Maurice Lecestre).
  • The land "continues the low plateaus Burgundy (Auxerre and Tonnerre) and forms the south-west. It is in direct contact with La Puisaye to the west and south Nivernais. Boundaries between La Puisaye land and are very clear: they are located where the upper layers of the Jurassic – Mesozoic sink in that the Infra-Cretaceous (Puisaye). Thury for, the line passes through the Malrue. '
  • "The land is characterized by dry hillsides, stony pretty bare crossed by old white roads, which are established in villages built of limestone conglomerates. In the North, the land stops Ouanne Valley, South it continues until the limit of the department and East finishes when it starts forests on the left bank of the Yonne encompassing the western part of the forest Frétoy."

Elevations[edit]

  • Thury: height 225 m. . Localities of the commune are highest: the Grands Moulins, 327.5 m. – Justice, 327 m. – Moulin Buteau, 325 m. it Roichat, 303.6 m – the Bois de Mont, 301.2 m. – Marchat, 292 m
  • Highest points in the area are at Tain, 338 m. (Relay turned on TNT in June 2007), Perreuse, 373 m. and the old mill Mountain Alouettes, 366.8 m.

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the town is attested in the forms Tauriacus 578 (Saint Aunaire); Tauriacum in 913 (Saint Geran); of Thuraco in 1369 (pouillé); Thoriaco of the fourteenth century (pouillé).

Tauriacum originally referred to a field or a property called Taurus, layer probable Gallic Taruos. Gallo-Roman suffix -acum is of Gallic origin and is often preceded by a person's name, indicates the property. The original name of Chitry (Fort), for example, was built on the same mode, Chistriacum that Thury. The current names of villages whose termination is to come from this original Gallic or Gallo-Roman Aisy, Arcy, Augy, Chemilly, Cheny, Chichy, Courgis, and so on.

Thury can also be explained by an appellative turra, pre-Latin origin, perhaps Gaul, who gave birth to a long list of microtoponyms because she remained alive until our time in patois means tureau "height ", followed by the same suffix -acum already mentioned in the previous case. Thus: Thoires, Thorey, Thorigny Thurey, Toury-Lurcy, Tharot.

Homonymy with many Tauriac, Thoiry Thoury, Toury, and so on.

History[edit]

First inhabitants[edit]

  • The first traces of land back to the Neanderthals 40,000 years – determined by flint remains found.
  • Neolithic (6000 in Europe – until the Bronze Age 3000) a beautiful polished stone pestle that was used to crush the grain. These objects discovered by Mr. Creusard are visible in the church tower.
  • Bronze Age (3000 -1000> until the Iron Age) in 1862, in the hamlet of Gémigny "leveling the mound circular man-high, 40 meter diameter and surrounded by a moat, he was discovered in the property of Mr. Chavance, a bronze ring, a hatchet and a small wrench handle bronze trefoil"(Max Quantin).

Gallo-Roman to Renaissance[edit]

  • The Roman road from Auxerre Entrains forms the boundary between the municipalities of Sougères-en-Puisaye and Thury. The Roman road joining Lyon Boulogne called "floor Agrippa" did not go away, near the neighboring town of Sougères-en-Puisaye and next to the Citadel is a climate in the town of Thury.
  • The village is known since the sixth century under the name Tauriacus. Since then, its name has changed several times during the Renaissance until it settled on its current name.
  • During the Hundred Years' War, the village was looted by an armed gang and the population decimated in a field called from Cree reference to the screams of people.
  • Stone sarcophagi, some of which contained skeletons were discovered in localities the Coffins, the Fosse-aux-Priests, Cree, and the Valley of the Cross.
  • The church has identified a time Crisenon Abbey, the earth is a stronghold of the manor of Druyes. At the end of the fifteenth century, the church was within the Abbey of St Lawrence Cosne (Order of St. Augustine), while the land was part of the possessions of Chabannes Puisaye Antoine, Count of Dammartin en Goële, Baron Toucy and Perreuse, lord of St Fargeau Puisaye and other places.
  • The hamlets of Grangette and Collangette, meanwhile, were strongholds of the Abbey of Saint-Germain of Auxerre.

Major event[edit]

The Battle of Fontenoy-en-Puisaye (25 June 841) was the first event of local importance that took place between the 21 and 26 June 841. Charles the Bald, grand-son of Charlemagne, encamped on the hill Roichat before the battle. Over 150,000 troops each fought in and around Thury as part of this stage of the campaign.

Administration[edit]

The municipality of Thury was created in 1793. Part of the department of Yonne, it was the chief town of canton, depending on the district of Saint-Fargeau. In 1801, Thury was integrated township of Saint-Sauveur and the district of Auxerre.

Liste des maires successifs
Période Identité Parti Qualité
1989–2013 André Grossier
1983–1989 Jack Allard
1947–1983 Robert Barba
1925–1947 Gustave Boisseau
1919–1925 René Delestre
1913–1919 Jules Boutron
1893–1913 Félix Angilbert
1854–1872 J.-B. Alexandre Pascault
1848–1854 J.-B. Alexandre Pascault
1815–1848 Edme Alexandre Rouger
1808– 1814 Lazare Guillier
1800–1807 Louis Fron
c. 1792 – 1800 Jean Baptiste Desleau
until 1848, the first mayors were identified from the registers of civil status.

Economy[edit]

The activity of the town of Thury is predominantly agricultural. Indeed, many farms are the largest part of the local economy, however, the town of Thury has several shops and services (grocery, a bakery, a hairdresser mixed a dealer appliances) as well as several companies building in the town and in the villages (electricity, cover-zinc works, sanitation and thermal cover masonry, Earthwork & public Works), company maintenance of green spaces, a micro-enterprise industrial computing, a service grooming canine home builders of Art, a pharmacy, a communal postal agency, a primary school and guest houses in the hamlet of Grangette and Moulery.

Heritage[edit]

Religious heritage[edit]

  • Historical Monument by Decree of 4 August 1970, the church of Saint Julien de Brioude is Gothic with some elements of the early Renaissance.
  • The present church was built on the site and around an old building in 2 to 3 phases of work between the last quarter of the fifteenth century and the first quarter of the sixteenth century.
  • The "massive western", built between the very end of the fifteenth century and 1521, is exceptional for a village. It is composed of a Gothic portal and facade of the north aisle with its stately door.
  • The contract was awarded on 9 July 1521, between Anthony Mason CAS and "ymagier" François Faulconnier sculptures on the portal, mentioned by various authors (Abbé Jean Lebeuf, etc..), Is preserved in the Departmental Archives of Auxerre. There is "... is to market his business life of St. John in eight stories for the portal of the church of Thury, as ymages who are nine portal of the church of Auxerre ...".
  • The original doors of the gate characteristics of the Renaissance, are kept in the state.

Local activities[edit]

  • Every day of the summer of 2009 except Monday, opening the church access to and Lapidary Museum panorama tower 15 h 00-18 h 00.
  • Grain Fair in February, nearest 25.
  • Academy of Music Thury early August – several concerts in the churches of the canton.
  • Feast of Saint Julien, the third Sunday in August.
  • Heritage Days, historical and architectural tour of the village (2 hours) and open multiple sites (press, forge, mayor, cadastre of 1825, church and bell tower, etc.)..
  • The Seniors Club, club 'Spring anyway, "participates in various events within the municipality and each year organizes for its members, several trips to cultural vocation.
  • Library with over 4000 volumes in own funds, contributes to the promotion of culture. Custodian of the county library, it provides access to over 150,000 books.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • INSEE
  • P. BOURGOIN, Through the Archives, THURY, a village Puisaye, 1988.
  • J.-F. PICOT, Research in various series of departmental archives of the Yonne, in the records of municipal deliberations, in the family archives – Research publications being in "Le P'tit Thurycois", journal quarterly common.
  • G. STUD, The Puisaye test definition of a natural region of the Paris basin, Delagrave Paris 1911 – Reprint Ed GEDA 2001. (Page 62)
  • Mr. LECESTRE, a small country of Burgundy, Forterre, in Pays de Bourgogne, No. 18, October 1957, p. 15-19.
  • JP MOREAU, rural life in the south-eastern Paris Basin between the valleys of the Loire and Armançon – study of human geography, Society of Belles-Lettres, Paris 1958. (P, 33 ff, p. 183)
  • J-B. Robineau-Desvoidy, test statistic in the canton of Saint-Sauveur Puisaye, 1838 – Reprint on Paper History-Lorisse, Paris 2002.
  • G. Taverdet, "Place names in Burgundy," Ed Bonneton, May 2007.
  • Mr. PIGNARD-PEGUET, History of the municipalities of the Yonne, Paris 1913 (p. 167).
  • Y. SASSIER, Research on power Auxerrois Count in the tenth to the early thirteenth century, Auxerre 1980 (pp, 12, 102 & 166).
  • Abbé Jean LEBEUF, Memoirs concerning the ecclesiastical and civil history of Auxerre and his diocese, Volume 4, p documents. 316, Paris 1743.
  • Mr. QUANTIN, Department of Yonne archaeological Directory, 1868 – reprint universis Res, 1991 (p. 61).
  • B. DECARIS, ACMH Department of Yonne – Thury – Church of Saint-Julien-study prior to the restoration of the building, Paris, November 2005.
  • PC DUGENNE, Genealogical and Biographical Dictionary of the History Yonne, 7 vol. the Genealogical Society of Yonne (1996–2004). for Frederick GUILLIER, Volume 2 – and THE SEWING families (t.3) – from MICHAU (t.3) – from MONTCORPS (t.3) – from Richoufftz (t.4) and SAVELLI (t.5 ). Available at the Municipal Library of Auxerre, the sale SGY