Thymidylate kinase

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Thymidylate kinase
Identifiers
Symbol Thymidylate_kin
Pfam PF02223
InterPro IPR000062
PROSITE PDOC01034

Thymidylate kinase (EC 2.7.4.9; dTMP kinase) catalyzes the phosphorylation of thymidine 5'-monophosphate (dTMP) to form thymidine 5'-diphosphate (dTDP) in the presence of ATP and magnesium:

ATP + thymidine 5'-phosphate \rightleftharpoons ADP + thymidine 5'-diphosphate

Thymidylate kinase is a ubiquitous enzyme of about 25 Kd and is important in the dTTP synthesis pathway for DNA synthesis. The function of dTMP kinase in eukaryotes comes from the study of a cell cycle mutant, cdc8, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Structural and functional analyses suggest that the cDNA codes for authentic human dTMP kinase. The mRNA levels and enzyme activities corresponded to cell cycle progression and cell growth stages.[1]

Subfamilies[edit]

Human proteins containing this domain[edit]

DTYMK;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Li C, Huang SH, Tang A, Drisco B, Zhang SQ, Seeger R, Jong A (1994). "Human dTMP kinase: gene expression and enzymatic activity coinciding with cell cycle progression and cell growth". DNA Cell Biol. 13 (5): 461–471. doi:10.1089/dna.1994.13.461. PMID 8024690. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR000062