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A thyroidologist is a medical practitioner specializing in the thyroid and related areas.

In the United States it refers to a board certified endocrinologist physician, who is either a full time academician with multiple responsibilities beside thyroid patient care, or a clinical thyroidologist. A clinical thyroidologist is a board certified endocrinologist, who cares for a majority of thyroid patients, with few patients experiencing other endocrine conditions.

The major goal is to deliver the best thyroid patient care with the use of modern tools. This includes office based thyroid ultrasound ("US"), Medical ultrasonography, US guided FNA, Percutaneous Ethanol Injections ("PEI"), for thyroid cysts, and thyroid cancer lymph nodes.

Also, office thyroid nuclear studies and treatments, such as I/123 uptakes, scans, I/131 therapy for cancer, Graves', toxic nodular goiter, and large nontoxic goiters with obstruction. Finally, office based thyroid blood hormone studies, such as T4, T3, TSH, TPO thyroid antibodies, and cancer markers thyroglobulin, TG and Calcitonin, CT.

The clinical thyroidologist is usually also a member of academic endocrine societies, such as the Endocrine Society, and the American Thyroid Association, and the American College of Endocrinology. He may be a member of the Academy of Clinical Thyroidologists, recently founded in 2005.

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