Tianhe District is one of the ten districts in Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. In Chinese, the name Tianhe means a river in the sky or simply "sky river". It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Zhujiang River.
Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of another district called Dongshan (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and it was more suburban like if not rural like. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.
The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called "xiaoqu" (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings — some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings — a lot of land was needed and thus converted.
The building of Guangzhou East Railway Station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.
As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.
South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.
Renren.com has its Guangzhou office in the China Shine Plaza (S: 耀中广场, T: 耀中廣場, P: Yàozhōng Guǎngchǎng) in Tianhe.
When 56.com was an independent company, it was headquartered in Huajingyuan (S: 华景园, T: 華景園, P: Huájǐngyuán) in the Tianhe Software Park (S: 天河软件园, T: 天河軟件園, P: Tiānhé Ruǎnjiànyuán), Tianhe District.
CITIC Plaza, is a complex completed in 1997 between Tianhe Sports Center and Guangzhou East Railroad Station, that has an 80-story, 391 m (1,291 ft) skyscraper of the same name. It was briefly the tallest building in China and now it ranks as the eighth tallest building in China, 11th in Asia, and 16th worldwide.
The famous shopping mall, TeeMall, a very big shopping centre, the Chinese from Guangzhou even call it the biggest shopping mall in Asia (although the biggest mall in Asia is actually the Golden Resources Mall in Beijing).
^"ANA City offices Asia." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Guangzhou Office [Until May 2nd, 2011] 2605 CITIC PLAZA 233 Tianhe North Road, Tianhe Ward, Guangzhou [From May 3rd, 2011] Room 1403, Tower A, Victory Plaza, No.103, TiyuXi Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620"
^"Contact Us." Renren Corporate. Retrieved on November 19, 2012. "Room A4001, China Shine Plaza, Linhexi Rd, Tianhe District, Guangzhou" - Chinese: "广州市林和西路9号耀中广场A塔40层4001-4003"
^"联系方法." 56.com. March 23, 2006. Retrieved on November 18, 2012. "公司地址：广州市天河区中山大道89号天河软件园华景园区B栋6楼南01房"