Tianhe District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tianhe
天河区
District
Zhujiang New Town
Zhujiang New Town
  Tianhe in Guangzhou
  Tianhe in Guangzhou
Country China
Region Guangzhou
Area
 • Total 141 km2 (54 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 645,453
 • Density 4,600/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 510630
Area code(s) 020
Website http://www.thnet.gov.cn/
Tianhe District
Traditional Chinese 天河區
Simplified Chinese 天河区
Guangdong Romanization tin6 ho4 kêu1
Hanyu Pinyin Tīanhé Qū
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese 天河
Guangdong Romanization tin6 ho4
Hanyu Pinyin Tīanhé

Tianhe District is one of the ten districts in Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. In Chinese, the name Tianhe means a river in the sky or simply "sky river". It is bordered by Yuexiu District on the west, Baiyun District on the north and Huangpu District on the east. Haizhu District is on its south, though they are separated by the Zhujiang River.

Tianhe became a district in the 1980s as the city expanded its size. Back then, it was east of another district called Dongshan (which was merged into Yuexiu in 2005) and it was more suburban like if not rural like. Even though a majority of colleges and universities in the city were located in the district, the rest of the district was mostly composed of rice fields.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Guangdong Romanization
Tianyuan Subdistrict 天园街道 Tiānyuán Jiēdào tin1 yun4 gai1 dou6
Wushan Subdistrict 五山街道 Wǔshān Jiēdào ng5 san1 gai1 dou6
Yuancun Subdistrict 员村街道 Yuáncūn Jiēdào yun4 qun1 gai1 dou6
Chebei Subdistrict 车陂街道 Chēbēi Jiēdào cé1 béi1 gai1 dou6
Shahe Subdistrict 沙河街道 Shāhé Jiēdào sa1 ho4 gai1 dou6
Shipai Subdistrict 石牌街道 Shípái Jiēdào ség6 pai4 gai1 dou6
Xinghua Subdistrict 兴华街道 Xìnghuá Jiēdào hing1 wai4 gai1 dou6
Shadong Subdistrict 沙东街道 Shādōng Jiēdào sa1 dung1 gai1 dou6
Linhe Subdistrict 林和街道 Línhé Jiēdào lem4 wo4 gai1 dou6
Tangxia Subdistrict 棠下街道 Tángxià Jiēdào tong4 ha6 gai1 dou6
Liede Subdistrict 猎德街道 Lièdé Jiēdào lib6 deg1 gai1 dou6
Xiancun Subdistrict 冼村街道 Xiǎncūn Jiēdào xin2 qun1 gai1 dou6
Yuangang Subdistrict 元岗街道 Yuángǎng Jiēdào yun4 gong1 gai1 dou6
Tianhenan Subdistrict 天河南街道 Tiānhénán Jiēdào tin6 ho4 gai1 dou6
Huangcun Subdistrict 黄村街道 Huángcūn Jiēdào wong4 qun1 gai1 dou6
Longdong Subdistrict 龙洞街道 Lóngdòng Jiēdào lung4 dung6 gai1 dou6
Changxing Subdistrict 长兴街道 Zhǎngxìng Jiēdào cêng4 hing1 gai1 dou6
Fenghuang Subdistrict 凤凰街道 Fènghuáng Jiēdào fung6 wong4 gai1 dou6
Qianjin Subdistrict 前进街道 Qiánjìn Jiēdào qin4 zên3 gai1 dou6
Zhuji Subdistrict 珠吉街道 Zhūjí Jiēdào ju1 ged1 gai1 dou6
Xīntang Subdistrict 新塘街道 Xīntáng Jiēdào sen1 tong4 gai1 dou6

Developments[edit]

The first big project built in the district during the 1980s was the Tianhe Sports Center when the city was selected to host the Sixth National Games in 1986. The complex includes a stadium of 65,000 seats, a gymnasium and an indoor swimming pool. Its construction had a lasting impact on the development of the district. Soon other projects followed and rice fields gave away to residential complexes called "xiaoqu" (meaning "little districts"). The construction of xiaoqu began in the mid and late eighties and most of them had residential buildings of no more than 10 stories. Each floor was kept to no more than four units due to the lack of elevators since they would increase the construction cost. Also, due to the sheer number of residential buildings — some xiaoqu had more than 20 residential buildings — a lot of land was needed and thus converted.

The building of Guangzhou East Railway Station in 1990 further contributed to the growth of the district. The old Guangzhou Railway Station is 10 km to the west and was the terminus for trains to and from Beijing and Hong Kong. To relieve the traffic, the East Railroad Station was built and is now the terminus for trains to and from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

As the district developed, the size of xiaoqu became smaller since land became more valuable and expensive. Most of the new xiaoqu now only consist of four to six residential buildings but each can contain 30 floors or more since the growth of district attracted big developers where the cost of construction (such as elevators) was no longer an issue. Also, taller residential buildings gave rise to taller office buildings.

South of the Sports Center and north of the Zhujiang River is Zhujiang New Town, an area desolate a decade ago but which is now one of the fastest-developing areas of Guangzhou. Many of Guangzhou's newest and most iconic buildings are found in this part of the district.

Several venues used for the 2010 Asian Games are located in Tianhe District.

Economy[edit]

  • Guangzhou Science City[1]
  • Kung Fu restaurants has its headquarters in the district[2]
  • Chow Sang Sang's Mainland division, Chow Sang Sang (China) Company Limited[3]
  • Google has an office in Tianhe District.[4]
  • All Nippon Airways operates its Guangzhou Office in the district. Since May 3, 2011 it has been located in Tower A of Victory Plaza. On May 2, 2011 and prior, it was located in the 2605 CITIC Plaza.[5]
  • Renren.com has its Guangzhou office in the China Shine Plaza (S: 耀中广场, T: 耀中廣場, P: Yàozhōng Guǎngchǎng) in Tianhe.[6]
  • When 56.com was an independent company, it was headquartered in Huajingyuan (S: 华景园, T: 華景園, P: Huájǐngyuán) in the Tianhe Software Park (S: 天河软件园, T: 天河軟件園, P: Tiānhé Ruǎnjiànyuán), Tianhe District.[7]

Education[edit]

Many of the city's colleges and universities are located in the district. They include:

Transportation[edit]

Besides the Guangzhou East Railway Station (referred to by locals as simply "East Station"), Tianhe is also the terminus for several Guangzhou Metro lines, and one line goes through it:

Metro[edit]

Tianhe is currently service by five metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:

Notable buildings[edit]

  • CITIC Plaza, is a complex completed in 1997 between Tianhe Sports Center and Guangzhou East Railroad Station, that has an 80-story, 391 m (1,291 ft) skyscraper of the same name. It was briefly the tallest building in China and now it ranks as the eighth tallest building in China, 11th in Asia, and 16th worldwide.
  • The famous shopping mall, TeeMall, a very big shopping centre, the Chinese from Guangzhou even call it the biggest shopping mall in Asia (although the biggest mall in Asia is actually the Golden Resources Mall in Beijing).

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.lifeofguangzhou.com/node_10/node_38/node_62/node_67/2006/02/17/1140166303196.shtml
  2. ^ "Company Overview of Kungfu Catering Management Co., Ltd." Businessweek. Retrieved on August 17, 2014. "16Floor, Gaosheng Bilding No.109 Tiyu West Road Tianhe District Guangzhou, 637399 China"
  3. ^ "CHOW SANG SANG: Shining Return after 62 Years" (Archive). City of Guangzhou. Retrieved on May 9, 2014.
  4. ^ "Google Offices." Google. Retrieved on July 12, 2009.
  5. ^ "ANA City offices Asia." All Nippon Airways. Retrieved on 13 August 2011. "Guangzhou Office [Until May 2nd, 2011] 2605 CITIC PLAZA 233 Tianhe North Road, Tianhe Ward, Guangzhou [From May 3rd, 2011] Room 1403, Tower A, Victory Plaza, No.103, TiyuXi Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620"
  6. ^ "Contact Us." Renren Corporate. Retrieved on November 19, 2012. "Room A4001, China Shine Plaza, Linhexi Rd, Tianhe District, Guangzhou" - Chinese: "广州市林和西路9号耀中广场A塔40层4001-4003"
  7. ^ "联系方法." 56.com. March 23, 2006. Retrieved on November 18, 2012. "公司地址:广州市天河区中山大道89号天河软件园华景园区B栋6楼南01房"
  8. ^ "The winds of change", World Architecture News

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°7′37.737″N 113°21′21.95″E / 23.12714917°N 113.3560972°E / 23.12714917; 113.3560972