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Not to be confused with Tiananmen Square.
Sub-prefecture-level city
Location of Tianmen within Hubei and the PRC
Location of Tianmen within Hubei and the PRC
Tianmen is located in Hubei
Location of the city centre in Hubei
Coordinates: 30°40′N 113°10′E / 30.667°N 113.167°E / 30.667; 113.167Coordinates: 30°40′N 113°10′E / 30.667°N 113.167°E / 30.667; 113.167
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
 • Total 2,004 km2 (774 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (104 ft)
Population (1999)
 • Total 1,731,482
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website www.tianmen.gov.cn

Tianmen (simplified Chinese: 天门; traditional Chinese: 天門; pinyin: Tiānmén; literally: "sky gate") is a sub-prefecture-level city in central Hubei Province, People's Republic of China.

It is on the west of Wuhan and east of Jingzhou. Formerly known as Jingling (竟陵), it was renamed to Tianmen in 1726 during the Qing dynasty. The name comes from the Tianmen mountains which lie northwest of the city.[1]

It is the hometown of Lu Yu, who is respected as "the Sage of Tea" for his contribution to Chinese tea culture.

Ancient history[edit]

Prehistoric ancient settlements in the Tianmen area existed at least 7,000 to 8,000 years ago as evidenced by Shijiahe neolithic tribal ruins which include recent discoveries of stone (jade) devices, pottery, bone, mussels, as well as bronze articles and other artifacts, such as those in the original Tao Zu patrilineal cultural heritage period.[1]