Tibia pipes are generally made of wood, stopped, from 16' (Occasionally 32') with the top octave pipes (above 1/2', or 6" made of metal, stopped, and pipes from 1/4', 3" made of metal and open.
The mouth is cut very high, and the pipes have little harmonic development - the sound approaches that of a sine wave.
There is usually a tremulant on the wind for Tibia pipes - the increase and decrease of wind pressure gives "life" to the sound.
The term can also refer to a type of primitive flute made from a (usually human) shinbone, such as that of a defeated enemy.
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