Sagrat Cor church, atop the mountain
|Elevation||512 m (1,680 ft)|
|Location||Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain|
|Range||Serra de Collserola|
|Easiest route||Tibidabo funicular railway|
Tibidabo (Catalan pronunciation: [tiβiˈðaβu]) is a mountain overlooking Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. At 512 metres (1,680 ft), it is the tallest mountain in the Serra de Collserola. Rising sharply to the north-west, it affords spectacular views over the city and the surrounding coastline.
The summit of the mountain is occupied the Sagrat Cor church, with the Tibidabo Amusement Park alongside. The Torre de Collserola telecommunications tower is a short walk away. All three are prominently visible from most of the city of Barcelona. Designed by Enric Sagnier, the church took 60 years to construct and is topped by a sculpture of the Sacred Heart of Jesus by Josep Miret Llopart.
The amusement park is the oldest in Barcelona and still has most of the original rides, some of which date to the turn of the 20th century. Prominent amongst these are the 1928 Red Aeroplane ride, a single car carousel giving the impression of, then novel, aircraft flight above the city. The park was featured in the Woody Allen film, Vicky Cristina Barcelona.
Tibidabo can be reached by the Tramvia Blau and then the Tibidabo funicular, which was built in 1901 and was the first of its kind in Spain. It is also accessible by road, and the Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona minibus service 111 connects it to Vallvidrera village and the upper station of the Vallvidrera funicular.
Origin of name
- "…et dixit illi haec tibi omnia dabo si cadens adoraveris me" — "And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me" (Matthew 4:9);
- "…et ait ei tibi dabo potestatem hanc universam et gloriam illorum quia mihi tradita sunt et cui volo do illa" — "All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it" (Luke 4:6).
This phrase, meaning I will give to you, was said to Jesus by the devil as they looked down from an exceedingly high mountain upon all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them. The name of Barcelona's hill thus refers to the popular tradition that it was in fact the exceedingly high mountain itself. The phrase Tibi dabo forms part of the inscription in the central dome of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, although in that case it was drawn from Jesus' words to St. Peter in Matthew 16:19.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tibidabo.|
- Panoramic QTVR view from Tibidabo
- "Number 111 - Tibidabo". Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona. Retrieved 2014-11-26.
- Latin Vulgate Bible, Gospel According to Saint Matthew Chapter 4
- Latin Vulgate Bible, Gospel According to Saint Luke Chapter 4