Ticuna people in Amazonas, Brazil, ca. 1865
|Regions with significant populations|
Ticuna people faced violence from loggers, fisherman, and rubber-tappers entering their lands around the Solimões River. Four Ticuna people were murdered, 19 were wounded, and ten had disappeared in the 1988 Helmet Massacre. By the 1990s, Brazil formally recognized the Ticunas' right to their lands.