The old elephant house was built in 1914
|Date opened||1 August 1911|
|Land area||36 ha (89 acres)|
|Number of animals||17,811 (2010)|
|Number of species||790 (2010)|
|Annual visitors||1,570,938 (2010)|
Hellabrunn Zoo (or Tierpark Hellabrunn in German) is a 36-hectare (89-acre) zoological garden in the Bavarian capital of Munich. The zoo is situated on the right bank of the river Isar, in the southern part of Munich near the quarter of Thalkirchen. As the groundwater level here is rather high and the water is of very good quality, the zoo can cover its needs for freshwater by using its own wells.
A high ratio of enclosures are cageless, relying upon moat features to keep the animals in place. The zoo also has several food dispensers where, for a small cost, the correct food for the species may be thrown by the public. This reduces the risk of animals being fed inappropriate foodstuffs.
On 25 February 1905 the Verein Zoologischer Garten München e.V. (Engl. Society of the Zoological Garden of Munich) was founded and the Hellabrunn area was chosen as the location for the zoo. The zoo was designed by architect Emanuel von Seidl, and opened to the public on 1 August 1911.
In 1922, the zoo was closed due to the inflation in Germany. It was re-opened on May 23, 1928. It became the first Geo-Zoo in the world (animals were shown and kept with other animals of the same geographic region). It also engaged in controversial back-breeding to "recreate" extinct animals like Heck cattle (to mimic the Aurochs) and the Tarpan.
In 1970, a badly needed plan for the renovation of the zoo was drawn up.
The Tierpark Hellabrunn is very active in breeding, reintroduction and conservation projects.
Over 1.5 million people visited Hellabrunn in 2010.
- The old Elephant house: Constructed in 1914,
- The new jungle house which houses Gorillas, Chimpanzees and Mississippi Alligators
- The Aquarium with the Piranha-feeding
- "Dracula's villa" - bats fly around you
- Many other buildings like the "Polarium"
- The guided tours - especially when it's dark and there is no one else in the Zoo
- Children's birthday parties
- One of the very few zoos that allows you to take your dog
- "History of the Munich Zoo". tierpark-hellabrunn.de. Hellabrunn Zoo. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "Munich Zoo". zoo-infos.de. Zoo-Infos.de. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "2010 Annual Report". tierpark-hellabrunn.de. Hellabrunn Zoo. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "EAZA Member Zoos & Aquariums". eaza.net. EAZA. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". waza.org. WAZA. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
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