Tierra de Campos

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Tierra de Campos
Natural region
Cultivated fields in northern Valladolid Province
Cultivated fields in northern Valladolid Province
Country  Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León
Province León, Zamora, Valladolid and Palencia
Capital Palencia (unofficial)
Municipalities
Elevation 740 m (2,430 ft)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Largest municipality Palencia
Map of Tierra de Campos as it appears in the book "La Tierra de Campos: Región Natural", by Justo González Garrido
Location of present-day administrative areas under the name 'Tierra de Campos' in Castile and León
Characteristic Tierra de Campos landscape near Abastas.

Tierra de Campos ("Land of Fields") is a large historical and natural region or greater comarca that straddles the provinces of León, Zamora, Valladolid and Palencia, in Castile and León, Spain. It is a vast, desolate plain with practically no relief, except for some wide undulations of the terrain.

Originally it was known as "Gothic Plains" (Campi Gothici or Campi Gothorum), as the area had been settled by Visigoths who fled from Aquitaine Gaul after its conquest by the Franks. It was first mentioned under this name in Codex Vigilanus (Codex Albeldensis), and described as extending "from the river Douro, to the Christian Kingdom".[1]

Despite the strong identity of its inhabitants, this historical region has not been able to achieve the necessary legal recognition for its administrative development. Therefore its municipalities have resorted to organizing themselves in a mancomunidad,[2] the only legal formula that has allowed the region to manage its public municipal resources meaningfully. Palencia is widely considered to be the capital of the Tierra de Campos.

Geography[edit]

Traditional dovecote in Tierra de Campos

"Tierra de Campos" is located on a fertile, elevated plateau with an average height of around 720 metres (2,360 ft), its geography is typical of the Meseta Central. The ground is mostly made up of quite compact clay. The climate is continental with long, cold winters and short, hot summers. Rivers naturally irrigating the area are sparse and traditionally the land in Tierra de Campos has been used for dryland farming. The Channel of Castile, which cuts across this comarca, was developed for transport purposes but developed into an irrigation system. Some of the wetlands in Tierra de Campos, like the Laguna de la Nava de Fuentes and the Lagunas de Villafáfila, are important for the ecology of the region.[3] There are few natural forested areas left. The Tierra de Campos is the place with the highest concentration of bustard in the Iberian Peninsula, and possibly in the world.[4]

There is no unanimous agreement regarding the precise boundaries of the Tierra de Campos. Since it is a natural and traditional region, no official limits have ever been assigned. One of the most widely accepted system of boundaries[5] has been the following:

Municipalities[edit]

León Province[edit]

Zamora Province[edit]

Valladolid Province[edit]

Palencia Province[edit]

Maps of Tierra de Campos areas in different provinces[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vaca Lorenzo, Ángel. "LA TIERRA DE CAMPOS Y SUS BASES ECOLÓGICAS EN EL SIGLO XIV". STVDIA HISTORICA. HISTORIA MEDIEVAL. , page 3, Campos quos dicunt Goticos usque adflumen Dorium eremauit, et xpistianorum regnum extendit
  2. ^ Mancomunidad de Tierra de Campos
  3. ^ La Tierra de Campos, Patrimonio Natural
  4. ^ Proyecto Avutarda - Bustard Project
  5. ^ Justo González Garrido, Tierra de Campos. Región Natural, 1941.

External links[edit]

42°00′N 4°00′W / 42.000°N 4.000°W / 42.000; -4.000Coordinates: 42°00′N 4°00′W / 42.000°N 4.000°W / 42.000; -4.000