Tift County, Georgia

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Tift County, Georgia
Tift County Georgia Couthouse.jpg
Tift County Courthouse, (Built 1912), Tifton
Map of Georgia highlighting Tift County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded August 17, 1905
Named for Nelson Tift
Seat Tifton
Largest city Tifton
Area
 • Total 269 sq mi (697 km2)
 • Land 259 sq mi (671 km2)
 • Water 9.9 sq mi (26 km2), 3.7%
Population
 • (2010) 40,118
 • Density 155/sq mi (60/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.tiftcounty.org

Tift County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,118.[1] The county seat is Tifton.[2]

Tift County comprises the Tifton, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was created on August 17, 1905, and is named for Henry Harding Tift, who founded Tifton. In 1872, Tift purchased about 65,000 acres of virgin pine timberland there in the wiregrass section of South Georgia and established a sawmill and a village for his workers. Tift eventually expanded into turpentine and barrel-making operations, and turned his barren timberlands into farms for cotton, corn, livestock, fruit, tobacco, pecans and sweet potatoes. When the Georgia Southern and Florida Railway intersected the Brunswick and Western Railroad near Tift's mill in 1888, the settlement was connected to Atlanta and became a boom town. It was incorporated as Tifton by the Georgia Legislature in 1890.

Tift provided employment and financial growth opportunities for his flourishing market center by founding the Tifton Cotton Mill, the Bank of Tifton, and other types of businesses in which he had a leading interest. These included fruit growing, groceries and general merchandise, cottonseed oil, lumber, brick and stone, and several railroads, all essential for the development of a region. Tift also established a model farm north of town and donated a large parcel of acreage for an agricultural experiment station; these enterprises led eventually to the development of Abraham Baldwin College and the Coastal Plain Experiment Station in Tifton.

Tift’s civic commitment was most evident in his donation of lands for churches (Methodist, Baptist, and Episcopal) and Fulwood Park, and in his decades of service as a city councilman and mayor. Through a variety of business and civic undertakings, Tift contributed significantly to the economic and social development of south central Georgia. Though a captain of industry, agriculture, and finance, he is best remembered for his civic service and generosity.

Tift County was created on Aug. 17, 1905, by an act of the General Assembly (Ga. Laws 1905, p. 60). Because Georgia law in 1905 did not allow a new county to be named after a living person, the legislature voted to name Tift County after Nelson Tift of Albany, Georgia, who was an uncle of Henry Harding Tift.

In the 21st century, Edd Dorminey of Tift County drew up resolutions for the Tifton and Tift County Commissions to sign, which were presented and passed in March 2013 by the Georgia House of Representatives and the Georgia Senate, naming Tift County after its rightful founder, Henry Harding Tift.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 269 square miles (700 km2), of which 259 square miles (670 km2) is land and 9.9 square miles (26 km2) (3.7%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 11,487
1920 14,493 26.2%
1930 16,068 10.9%
1940 18,599 15.8%
1950 22,645 21.8%
1960 23,487 3.7%
1970 27,288 16.2%
1980 32,862 20.4%
1990 34,998 6.5%
2000 38,407 9.7%
2010 40,118 4.5%
Est. 2013 40,286 0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 38,407 people, 13,919 households, and 10,105 families residing in the county. The population density was 145 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 15,411 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.31% White, 28.02% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.98% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.59% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 7.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,919 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.40% were married couples living together, 16.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,616, and the median income for a family was $39,083. Males had a median income of $27,874 versus $20,997 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,833. About 15.50% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 14.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.legis.ga.gov/Legislation/en-US/display/20132014/HR/281
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°28′N 83°32′W / 31.46°N 83.53°W / 31.46; -83.53