Tiger reserves of India

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There are 47[1] tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.

Additionally, The in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of two new tiger reserves, and the sites are: Ratapani (Madhya Pradesh) and Sunabeda (Odisha). Final approval has been accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) and Rajaji (Uttarakhand) for declaring as a tiger reserve. The State Governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring the following areas as tiger reserves: (i) Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary (Uttar Pradesh), (ii) Guru Ghasidas National Park (Chhattisgarh), (iii) Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary (Goa), (iv) Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel / Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuaries / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu) and (v) Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary (Arunachal Pradesh).[2]

Goals[edit]

The goal 53,547.5 km2 (20,674.8 sq mi) of declared reserves are operated by state forestry departments “to ensure maintenance of viable populations of the conservation dependent Bengal tigers in India. The tigers are maintained for their scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values and to preserve for all time areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people”.[3]

Population assessment[edit]

The landmark 2008 report, Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India, published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, estimated only 1411 adult tigers in existence in India (plus uncensused tigers in the Sundarbans).[4] The 2010 National Tiger Assessment estimated the total population of tigers in India as 1,706. This exhaustive study indicated that better protected tiger source sites, especially tiger reserves, have maintained viable tiger populations, however, the area occupied by tigers outside protected areas has decreased considerably. This demonstrates the need for securing corridors for tigers to move between source sites. The existing tiger reserves represent around one-third of India's high density forest area.[5] In 2010-11, National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in partnership with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) undertook an independent Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of all 44 tiger reserves in the country. The reserves were categorized into 4 major categories.

3 year-old male in Ranthambore tiger reserve, Rajasthan
Tigress with her two cubs in Kanha tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh
A Tiger in Bandhavgarh tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh
Tiger at Ranthambore tiger reserve, Rajasthan
Tiger T-17 at Ranthambore tiger reserve, Rajasthan
Tiger at Ranthambore tiger reserve
Tiger pug marks at Sunderbans tiger reserve, West Bengal
Spotted deer tiger prey at Jim Corbett tiger reserve, Uttarakhand

List of Tiger Reserves in India[edit]

The largest tiger reserve by area is 3,568 km2 (1,378 sq mi) Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh.[6][7][8]

S.No. State Tiger Reserve Year Estd. Est. No. of Tigers Total Area (km2)
1 Andhra Pradesh, Telangana Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve 1982-83 29 3568
2 Arunachal Pradesh Namdapha Tiger Reserve 1982-83 37 1985
3 Arunachal Pradesh Pakhui Tiger Reserve 1999–00 36 862
4 Assam Manas Tiger Reserve 1973-74 35 2840
5 Assam Nameri Tiger Reserve 1999–00 37 344
6 Assam Kaziranga Tiger Reserve 2006-07 42 859
7 Bihar Valmiki Tiger Reserve 1989-90 42 840
8 Chhattisgarh Udanti and Sitanadi Tiger Reserve[9] 2008-09 54 1580
9 Chhattisgarh Achanakmar Tiger Reserve[10] 2008-09 42 963
10 Chhattisgarh Indravati Tiger Reserve 1982-83 39 2799
11 Jharkhand Palamau Tiger Reserve 1973-74 19 1026
12 Karnataka Bandipur Tiger Reserve 1973-74 89 866
13 Karnataka Bhadra Tiger Reserve 1998-99 36 492
14 Karnataka Dandeli-Anshi Tiger Reserve 2006-07 41 875
15 Karnataka Nagarhole Tiger Reserve 1999–00 47 643
16 Karnataka Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve 2010-11 40 540
17 Kerala Periyar Tiger Reserve 1978-79 77 925
18 Kerala Parambikulam Tiger Reserve 2010-11 58 391[11]
19 Madhya Pradesh Kanha Tiger Reserve 1973-74 87 1945
20 Madhya Pradesh Pench Tiger Reserve 1992-93 64 758
21 Madhya Pradesh Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve 1993-94 79 1162
22 Madhya Pradesh Panna Tiger Reserve 1994-95 18 542
23 Madhya Pradesh Bori-Satpura Tiger Reserve 1999–00 44 1486
24 Madhya Pradesh Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve 2008-09 56 831
25 Maharashtra Melghat Tiger Reserve 1973-74 45 1677
26 Maharashtra Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve 1993-94 100 [12] 620
27 Maharashtra Bor Tiger Reserve 2014 [13] 7-8 138
28 Maharashtra Pench Tiger Reserve 1998-99 35 257
29 Maharashtra Sahyadri Tiger Reserve 2008-09 46 569
30 Maharashtra Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve 2012-13 653
31 Mizoram Dampa Tiger Reserve 1994-95 48 500
32 Odisha Simlipal Tiger Reserve 1973-74 64 2750
33 Odisha Satkosia Tiger Reserve[14] 2006-07 31 523
34 Rajasthan Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve 1973-74 68 1334
35 Rajasthan Sariska Tiger Reserve 1978-79 5 866
36 Rajasthan Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve 2012-13 417
37 Tamil Nadu Kalakad-Mundathurai Tiger Reserve 1988-89 93 800
38 Tamil Nadu Mudumalai Tiger Reserve 2006-07 64 321
39 Tamil Nadu Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve 2012-13 47 1408.405
40 Tamil Nadu Anamalai Tiger Reserve 2008-09 49 1019
41 Telangana Kawal Tiger Reserve 2010-11[15] 42 893
42 Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa Tiger Reserve 1987-88 141 811
43 Uttar Pradesh Amangarh Tiger Reserve 2012 [16]  ?? 80
44 Uttar Pradesh Pilibhit Tiger Reserve 2014 [17] 30 1074
45 Uttarakhand Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve 1973-74 160 80
46 West Bengal Buxa Tiger Reserve 1982-83 29 759
47 West Bengal Sunderbans Tiger Reserve 1973-74 89 2585

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/content/109_1_ListofTigerReservesCoreBufferAreas.aspx
  2. ^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/content/37_1_MilestoneInitiatives.aspx
  3. ^ "CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME, PROJECT TIGER, XTH FIVE YEAR PLAN, GUIDELINES". COMPENDIUM OF GUIDELINES & CIRCULARS ISSUED BY DIRECTOR (PROJECT TIGER). Delhi: PROJECT TIGER DIVISION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FRORESTS GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. pp. A. PROJECT TIGER 1.1 Description of the Scheme and its objectives. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  4. ^ Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. (2008). Y.V.Jhala, R.Gopal, Q.Qureshi (eds.), ed. Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India. TR 08/001. New Delhi: National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India. pp. –151. 
  5. ^ "INDIA TIGER ESTIMATE 2010", Public Information Brochure (New Delhi: Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA), 2011-03-28: 9, retrieved 2011-06-21 
  6. ^ "STATE OF PROJECT TIGER RESERVES". New Delhi: Project Tiger, Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  7. ^ "Name of the Tiger Reserves in Tiger range states with year of creation and area". Facts and Figures. Project Tiger Directorate, Ministry of Environment, Govt of India. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  8. ^ "Eight New Tiger Reserves". Press Release. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India. November 13, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  9. ^ Udanti & Sitanadi Tiger Reserve
  10. ^ Achanakmar Tiger Reserve
  11. ^ "Parambikulam-Wildlife-sanctuary-to-be-made-Tiger-Reserve", environment/flora-fauna (Time of India) 
  12. ^ Maharashtra gets its fifth tiger reserve., The Hindu, 2013-11-29 
  13. ^ Bor sanctuary, Maharashtra’s sixth, country’s 47th tiger reserve, Indian Express, 2014-07-01 
  14. ^ Satkosia Tiger Reserve
  15. ^ Kawal is tiger reserve no. 42
  16. ^ Pilibhit Wildlife Sanctuary gets tiger reserve forest status, Times Of India, 2014-06-15 
  17. ^ Pilibhit Wildlife Sanctuary gets tiger reserve forest status, Times Of India, 2014-06-15