Tiger reserves of India

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There are 47 [1] tiger reserves in India (5-28-2014) which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.[2]

There are additional in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of three new tiger reserves, and the sites are: Pilibhit (Uttar Pradesh), Ratapani (Madhya Pradesh) and Sunabeda (Odisha). Final approval has been accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) and Rajaji (Uttarakhand) for declaring as a tiger reserve. The State Governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring the following areas as tiger reserves: (i) Bor (Maharashtra), (ii) Suhelwa (Uttar Pradesh), (iii) Guru Ghasidas National Park (Chhattisgarh), (iv) Mhadei Sanctuary (Goa) and (v) Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel / Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuaries / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu).[3]


The goals 53,547 km2 (20,675 sq mi) of declared reserves are operated by state forestry departments “to ensure maintenance of viable populations of the conservation dependent Bengal tigers in India. The tigers are maintained for their scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values and to preserve for all time areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people”.[4]

The largest Tiger Reserve is the 3,568 km2 (1,378 sq mi) Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve of Andhra Pradesh.[5][6][7]

Population assessment[edit]

The landmark 2008 report, Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India, published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, estimated only 1411 adult tigers in existence in India (plus uncensused tigers in the Sundarbans).[8]

The 2010 National Tiger Assessment estimated the total population of tigers in India as 1,706. This exhaustive study indicated that better protected tiger source sites, especially tiger reserves, have maintained viable tiger populations, however, the area occupied by tigers outside protected areas has decreased considerably. This demonstrates the need for securing corridors for tigers to move between source sites. The existing tiger reserves represent around one-third of India's high density forest area.[9]

Management effectiveness[edit]

From June, 2010 to July, 2011 the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in partnership with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) undertook an independent Management Effectiveness Evaluation (MEE) of all 44 tiger reserves in the country. The category-wise outcome of MEE Process is summarized as follows:

Tadoba-Andhari, Bandhavgarh, Kanha, Bandipur, Mudumalai, Pench (Madhya Pradesh), Nagzira-Navegaon, Nagarhole and Dudhwa
Very Good
Simlipal (Odisha), Annamalai, Bhadra, Dandeli-Anshi, Melghat, Kalakkad-Mundathurai, Kaziranga, Mudumalai, Parambikulam, Periyar, Bori-Satpura and Sundarbans
Jim Corbett,Buxa, Dampa, Satkosia (Odisha), Manas, Pakke, Udanti-Sitanadi, Namdapha, Rajaji, Valmiki, Pench (Maharashtra) and Panna
Achanakmar, Indravati, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam, Kawal, Sariska, Nameri, Sanjay-Dubri, Sahyadari, Sunabheda and Valmiki
3 year-old male named Baccha (Hindi: Child) residing in Ranthambore tiger reserve, Rajasthan
Tigress with her two cubs in Kanha tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh
A Tiger in Bandhavgarh tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh
Tiger in bamboo at Banerghatta tiger and lion reserve, Karnataka
Tiger at Ranthambore tiger reserve, Rajasthan
Tiger T-17 at Ranthambore tiger reserve, Rajasthan
Tiger at Ranthambore tiger reserve
Tiger pug marks at Sunderbans tiger reserve, West Bengal
Spotted deer tiger prey at Jim Corbett tiger reserve, Uttarakhand

List of Tiger Reserves in India[edit]

S.No. State Tiger Reserve Year Estd. Est. No. of Tigers Total Area (km2) Management status
1 Assam Kaziranga Tiger Reserve 2006 42 859 very good Good tiger density
2 Assam Manas Tiger Reserve 1973-74 35 2840 good Poor tiger density, Recovering from prolonged disturbance due to Bodo unrest
3 Assam Nameri Tiger Reserve 1999–2000 37 344 satisfactory Encroachment and tree cutting by locals
4 Arunachal Pradesh Namdapha Tiger Reserve 1982-83 37 1985 satisfactory Low tiger density, Extremism, encroachment by Lisus
5 Arunachal Pradesh Pakhui Tiger Reserve 1999–2000 36 862 good Good tiger density
6 Andhra Pradesh / Telangana Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve 1982-83 29 3568 poor Low tiger density Left wing extremism (Naxalite)
7 Bihar Valmiki Tiger Reserve 1989-90 42 840 satisfactory Low tiger density extremism
8 Chhattisgarh Indravati Tiger Reserve 1982-83 39 2799 poor Severely affected by Naxalites, Out of bounds
9 Chhattisgarh Guru Ghasidas Tiger Reserve 2010 (pro) 71 2899 satisfactory Separated from Sanjay National Park in Madhya Pradesh
10 Jharkhand Palamau Tiger Reserve 1973-74 19 1026 Poor Low tiger density, Left wing extremism
11 Karnataka Bandipur Tiger Reserve 1973-74 89 866 very good Good tiger density
12 Karnataka Nagarhole (extension) Tiger Reserve 1999–2000 47 643 good Good tiger density
13 Karnataka Bhadra Tiger Reserve 1998-99 36 492 very good Low tiger density
14 Kerala Periyar Tiger Reserve 1978-79 77 925 very good There are an estimated 53 tigers (2010) in the reserve
15 Tamil Nadu / Kerala Annamalai Tiger Reserve 2008-09 49 1019 very good Moderate tiger density
16 Madhya Pradesh Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve 1993-94 79 1162 very good Good tiger density
17 Madhya Pradesh Bori-Satpura Tiger Reserve 1999–2000 44 1486 very good Poor tiger density
18 Madhya Pradesh Kanha Tiger Reserve 1973-74 87 1945 very good Good tiger density
19 Madhya Pradesh Panna Tiger Reserve 1994-95 18 542 poor Recovering from local extinction of tiger due to poaching. Dacoit infestation.
20 Madhya Pradesh Pench Tiger Reserve 1992-93 64 758 very good Good tiger density
21 Maharashtra Melghat Tiger Reserve 1973-74 45 1677 exelent Low tiger density
22 Maharashtra Pench Tiger Reserve 1998-99 35 257 exelent Moderate tiger density
23 Maharashtra Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve 1993-94 100 [10] 620 exelent Very Good tiger density, High rate of man tiger conflicts
24 Maharashtra Sahyadri Tiger Reserve[11] 2008 46 569 satisfactory 9 tigers (2007)
25 Mizoram Dampa Tiger Reserve 1994-95 48 5 00 good Low tiger density due to ecological reasons
26 Odisha Simlipal Tiger Reserve 1973-74 64 2750 good must visit this place,in core area good tiger density, green around
27 Rajasthan Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve 1973-74 68 1334 good Good tiger density
28 Rajasthan Sariska Tiger Reserve 1978-79 5 866 poor Recovering from local extinction of tiger due to poaching
29 Tamil Nadu Kalakad-Mundathurai Tiger Reserve 1988-89 93 800 very good Low tiger density due to ecological reasons
30 Tamil Nadu Mudumalai National Park 2007 64 321 very good Moderate tiger density
31 Kerala Parambikulam Tiger Reserve 2010 58 391


very good Moderate tiger density
32 Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa Tiger Reserve 1987-88 141 811 good Good tiger density, Poaching along borders
33 Uttarakhand Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve 1973-74 146 1316 good Good tiger density
34 West Bengal Buxa Tiger Reserve 1982-83 29 759 good Low tiger density offences by jobless tea plantation workers
35 West Bengal Sunderbans Tiger Reserve 1973-74 89 2585 very good Good tiger density
36 Chhattisgarh Udanti & Sitanadi Tiger Reserve[13] 2008-09 54 1580 poor Low tiger density
37 Odisha Satkosia Tiger Reserve[14] 2007 31 988 poor Low tiger density
38 Chhattisgarh Achanakmar Tiger Reserve[15] 2008 42 963 satisfactory Low tiger density
39 Karnataka Anshi Dandeli Tiger Reserve 2007 41 875 satisfactory Low tiger density
40 Madhya Pradesh Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve 2008 56 831 poor Very low tiger density
41 Karnataka Bannerghatta tiger and lion reserve 1978 116 zoo not a Project Tiger reserve
42 Tamil Nadu Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve 2013 47 524 61 tigers (2012)
43 Karnataka Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary 2010 40 540 26 tigers (2011)
44 Karnataka Kudremukh Tiger Reserve 2011 62 360[16] 28 tigers (2013)
45 Andhra Pradesh(Telangana-Adilabad) Kawal Tiger Reserve 2011[17] 42 893 38 tigers (2012)
46 Maharashtra Nagzira-Navegaon Tiger Reserve 2013[18] 20 700 Good would be home to surplus tigers from Tadoba Tiger Reserve
47 Maharashtra Bor Tiger Reserve 2014 15 138.12[19]
48 Uttar Pradesh Pilibhit Tiger Reserve[20] 2014 43 730.24
49 Odisha Sunabeda Tiger Reserve 2010 In-principle approval 44 856
50 Madhya Pradesh Ratapani Tiger Reserve 2010 In-principle approval 45 674
59 Goa Mhadei Tiger Reserve 2011 (pro) 52 [21]
52 Uttar Pradesh Suhelwa Tiger Reserve 2010 (pro) 50
53 Rajasthan Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve 2011 [22]


0 759.99[24]



  1. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/environment/flora-fauna/bor-wildlife-sanctuary-to-become-countrys-47th-tiger-reserve/articleshow/37674545.cms
  2. ^ Chetan Chauhan (2011-06-21), Kawal is tiger reserve no. 42, New Delhi: Hindustan Times, retrieved 2011-06-21 
  3. ^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/content/37_1_MilestoneInitiatives.aspx
  5. ^ "STATE OF PROJECT TIGER RESERVES". New Delhi: Project Tiger, Government of India, Ministry of Environment & Forests. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-30. 
  6. ^ "Name of the Tiger Reserves in Tiger range states with year of creation and area". Facts and Figures. Project Tiger Directorate, Ministry of Environment, Govt of India. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  7. ^ "Eight New Tiger Reserves". Press Release. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Press Information Bureau, Govt. of India. November 13, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  8. ^ Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. (2008). Y.V.Jhala, R.Gopal, Q.Qureshi (eds.), ed. Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India. TR 08/001. New Delhi: National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India. pp. –151. 
  9. ^ "INDIA TIGER ESTIMATE 2010", Public Information Brochure (New Delhi: Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA), 2011-03-28: 9, retrieved 2011-06-21 
  10. ^ Maharashtra gets its fifth tiger reserve., The Hindu, 2013-11-29 
  11. ^ Sahyadri Tiger Reserve
  12. ^ "Parambikulam-Wildlife-sanctuary-to-be-made-Tiger-Reserve", environment/flora-fauna (Time of India) 
  13. ^ Udanti & Sitanadi Tiger Reserve
  14. ^ Satkosia Tiger Reserve
  15. ^ Achanakmar Tiger Reserve
  16. ^ Ajith Athrady (2001-06-19), "Centre gives nod to Kudremukh tiger reserve", Deccan Herald (New Delhi: The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd.) 
  17. ^ Kawal is tiger reserve no. 42
  18. ^ Maharashtra gets its fifth tiger reserve., The Hindu, 2013-11-29 
  19. ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/maharashtra/bor-sanctuary-maharashtras-sixth-countrys-47th-tiger-reserve/
  20. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/flora-fauna/Pilibhit-Wildlife-Sanctuary-gets-tiger-reserve-forest-status/articleshow/36518197.cms
  21. ^ "Centre asks Goa to propose Mhadei sanctuary as a tiger reserve", Deccan Herald (The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd), 2011-06-28 
  22. ^ Cabinet approves 5 new Tiger reserve, Live India, 2011-01-13 
  23. ^ [1.pdf "LIST OF TIGER RESERVES IN INDIA"], Stripes (New Delhi: Inder Mohan Singh Kathuria on behalf of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Government of India), 2, issue 2, January–February 2011: 19, retrieved 2011-06-21 
  24. ^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/content/109_1_ListofTigerReservesCoreBufferAreas.aspx