|Traded as||OMX: MIC_SDB|
|Founded||1990 in Stockholm|
|Headquarters||2 Rue du Fort Bourbon, Luxembourg, Luxembourg|
|Area served||Africa, Latin America|
|Key people||Cristina Stenbeck, (Chairman)
Hans-Holger Albrecht, (CEO)
|Products||Mobile, cable, satellite, pay-TV, broadband and e-commerce services|
|Revenue||$5.16 billion in 2013|
Millicom offers a range of digital services to over 50 million customers primarily under the Tigo brand in 15 markets in Africa and Latin America. Its online partnerships are active in 33 markets. Millicom was founded in 1990 and has been instrumental in bringing mobile telephony to millions of people around the globe. Since the 1990s, the firm's revenue has been driven mainly by mobile phone services but also offers cable, satellite, broadband, e-commerce and other media.
In March 2013 the company announced a new strategy to double annual revenue to $9 billion in 2017. The company employs 11,500 people, has corporate offices in Stockholm, London, Miami and Luxembourg, and is listed on NASDAQ OMX Stockholm under the symbol MIC_SDB. The company's chief executive is Hans-Holger Albrecht, who took up the role in October 2012.
Millicom originated as a company set up by Jan Stenbeck (1942-2002) to operate voice and data distribution networks via cellular radio. In Raleigh-Durham, North Carolina. it received one of three of the first cellular development licenses awarded by the FCC.
After two years of planning, the company began operations when the founders completed a $131,000 share purchase in May 1982. The firm took over paging company, Meta Systems in October 1982 and then raised $9 million in its first round of financing, managed by Chief Executive Officer, Orhan Sadik-Khan and Kevin Kimberlin.
Since 92% of the world population had no phone service at the time, Millicom promoted mobile technology on a global basis. To do this, Millicom created joint-ventures with local and strategic partners.
On December 13, 1982, a joint-venture with Racal Electronics was awarded a cellular license for Great Britain. To enable Millicom to earn its 10% royalty from Racal-Millicom, a controlling shareholder, Stenbeck commissioned a start up with two employees, Technophone, to develop the world’s first pocket-sized mobile phone. Highlighting its plans to offer the Voice and Data phone (predecessor to the smart phone), his Racal-Millicom joint-venture was renamed Vodafone.
On October 12, 1983, Millicom Inc. created China Telecom Systems (HK), a joint-venture with partners China Resources Ltd. and Comvik, a Swedish mobile firm also controlled by John Stenbeck. China Telecom held the first cellular telephone contract in China, making its service available to the public on May 20, 1985.
In December 1989, Millicom set up Microtel Communications Ltd. by teaming up with Pacific Telesis and British Aerospace (later bought out by Hutchinson Telecom.) Microtel was awarded a personal communication network (PCN) license to compete with Vodafone in Great Britain, a service launched in April 28, 1994 under its brand name, Orange. This venture was acquired in October 1999, at which time Orange and its new parent, Mannesmann, were in turn both taken over by Vodafone. At a value of $202 billion, the takeover of Mannesmann by Vodafone was the largest transaction in corporate history. Orange (formerly Microtel) was then sold to France Telecom, which subsequently changed its corporate name to Orange.
To better manage their respective mobile interests, Millicom Inc. combined with Comvik’s international cellular operations to become Millicom International Cellular SA, which now operates under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (July 2009)|
Tigo launched in 2004, replacing former national brands COMCEL and Amigo de COMCEL to become the country's largest mobile operator with more than eight million users and market share of 52.3 per cent (2014). Mobile penetration is estimated at 95.8 per cent (Millicom data) with internet penetration at 16 per cent (World Bank 2012). Tigo also provides mobile financial services through Tigo Money, broadband & cable and business solutions. Millicom equity holding 55 per cent. (Q1 2014)
Tigo launched in 2004 to replace the former national brand Telemovil and is now the country’s largest mobile operator with more than 2.6 million users and a market share of 36.4 per cent. Tigo is also El Salvador’s largest broadband and cable service provider and offers newly launched satellite DTH services, mobile financial services under the brand Tigo Money, as well as corporate and business solutions. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent. (Q1 2014)
Tigo launched in 2004 to replace the former national brand CELTEL. It is now the leading mobile service provider in a country of eight million, with an estimated 4.6 million customers. It's mobile market share is placed at more than 66 per cent. Tigo also offers broadband, cable, business, mobile health insurance and financial services. Satellite DTH services are soon to launch (May 2014). Millicom equity holding is 66.7 per cent.
Tigo launched in 2004 and is now the largest mobile operator with 3.8 million subscribers from a population of 6.7 million (World Bank 2012). Tigo's sub-brand Tigo Star is also market leader for payTV and fixed broadband services. Tigo Star was first launched in Paraguay along with Millicom’s first satellite DTH service, both in 2014. Tigo's mobile market share is 56.4 per cent. Other key services and products fall under the Tigo Money and Tigo Business brands. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent.
Tigo launched in 2005 and is now the second largest mobile operator in Bolivia (population 10.5 million – World Bank 2012) with more than 3.4 million customers. Branded services include Tigo Money, Tigo Star and Tigo Sports, Tigo Business and Tigo Smart. In 2014, Bolivia launched Millicom’s first satellite DTH service. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent.
Tigo launched in 2006 and is Colombia’s third largest mobile service provider with more than seven million customers. Its services include Tigo Money and UNE Internet, internet and broadband, with significant further market penetration anticipated in 2014 following a Merger Framework Agreement signed in 2013 with Empresas Publicas de Medellin. Millicom also has a growing portfolio online in retail and services. Equity holding is 50 per cent plus one share.
Tigo launched in 2007 and is now the country’s leading mobile service provider with 2.65 million customers from a population of 12.4 million (World Bank 2014). While mobile penetration is estimated at 40.2 per cent (Millicom 2014), Mobile Financial Services have launched strongly. Tigo's mobile market share of the market is estimated at 53.8 per cent. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent.
Tigo DRC launched in 2007 and is the country’s second largest mobile service provider. In Q1 2014 it reported more than four million customers (population 65.7 million – World Bank 2012). In 2013 it returned to the troubled eastern Kivu region, and is expanding further into neighbouring Katanga province. Tigo Cash Mobile Financial Services were launched in 2012. Mobile penetration DRC is estimated at 49.1 per cent (Millicom 2014). Tigo DRC holds 30.4 per cent of market share. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent.
Tigo is one of six leading mobile service providers competing in Ghana (population 25.4 million). It numbers 3.7 million customers (Q2 2014) – more than 17 per cent of market share. Mobile penetration is estimated at 81.2 per cent (Millicom 2014). Tigo Ghana’s mobile financial services team has won notable recognition and awards for products and deployment. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent.
On July 15, 2014 Millicom announced that it had reached agreement to sell its 50% investment in Emtel Ltd. Emtel competes with Orange (previously known as Cellplus) and MTML, with technologies GSM/GPRS and UMTS/HSDPA over 900, 1800 and 2100MHz. Emtel also has a broadband Wimax network.
Tigo is Rwanda’s second largest mobile service provider and the first to offer 3G internet (in 2013). In 2014 Millicom opened a tech incubator in the capital Kigali to develop new digital solutions for Africa. Q2 2014 reported more 2.2 million customers (population 11.5 million - World Bank 2014) and a mobile market share of 40.5 per cent. Mobile penetration is estimated at 49.7 per cent. Millicom equity holding is 87.5 per cent.
Tigo Senegal launched in 2006 and is the second largest mobile service provider, with 3.2 million customers (population 13.7 million – WB 2014). Mobile penetration is estimated at 73.1 per cent with Tigo's mobile market share placed at 31.3 per cent (Q2 2014). Heavy investment through 2013/2014 has led to expanded and improved networks and the licence granted in 2014 to pilot 4G technology. Millicom has presence in online and mobile financial services. Millicom equity holding is 100 per cent.
Tigo is Tanzania’s second largest mobile services provider, with more than 6.5 million customers. It enjoys best in class status for Mobile Financial Services (MFS) market penetration. More than 46 per cent of tigo Tanzania customers use MFS. Tigo Tanzania was also the first service provider in East Africa to offer free Facebook data downloading. Its mobile market share is placed at 29.8 per cent (Q2 2014). Mobile penetration in Tanzania is estimated to be 47.3 per cent.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2009)|
- Forester, Tom, “The Information Technology Revolution,” MIT Press, page 142.
- Cuff, Daniel F., ”Millicom Continues Management Growth,” The New York Times, November 4, 1982, http://www.nytimes.com/1982/11/04/business/business-people-millicom-continues-management-growth.html
- Orhan Sadik-Khan interview, August 1995
- Millicom Incorporated, Joint Proxy Statement/Prospectus, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, September 20, 1982
- Hultén, Stephan and Mölleryd, Bengt, “Entrepreneurs, Innovations and Market Processes in the Evolution of the Swedish Mobile Telecommunications Industry,” Paper presented at the Eighth International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference, 28 June – 1 July 2000. http://www.privateline.com/PCS/NMT.pdf
- Merriden, Trevor, “Rollercoaster, the Turbulent Life and Times of Vodafone and Chris Gent,” Capstone Publishing, 2003. page 21.
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- "France Telecom buys Orange for $37 bn". The Financial Express. 30 May 2000. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
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- Millicom International Cellular S.A., Securities and Exchange Commsission, Form 20-F/A, page 21. http://google.brand.edgar-online.com/EFX_dll/EDGARpro.dll?FetchFilingHtmlSection1?SectionID=3394461-736-780548&SessionID=jhRPFWffLuHzRl7
- "Mobile Money - Payment Processing Partners". Government of Ghana Official Portal. Retrieved 14 July 2014.