|This article relies on references to primary sources. (January 2014)|
|Full name||Club de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Football Club Tigers of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León)|
|Nickname(s)||Los Tigres (The Tigers)
Los Felinos (The Felines)
Los Auriazules (The Gold-Blues)
U de Nuevo León (The U of Nuevo León)
|Founded||7 March 1960|
San Nicolás de los Garza, Nuevo León
|Apertura 2013||8th (Quarterfinals)|
|Website||Club home page|
Club de Fútbol Tigres de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, commonly referred to as Tigres de la UANL, or simply Tigres, is a Mexican professional football club based in San Nicolás de los Garza, a city located in the Monterrey Metropolitan Area. Founded in 1960, the club has spent most of its history in Liga MX, the top level of the Mexican football. Tigres has won the Liga MX three times, in 1977-78, 1981–82, Apertura 2011, and the Copa MX two times, in 1975-76 and 1996.
Tigres is the official team of the public university of the state of Nuevo León, the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. The team plays home games at the Estadio Universitario. Since its founding, the team wears the colours of the University, gold and blue.
- 1 History
- 2 Culture
- 3 Season to season
- 4 Honours
- 5 Players
- 6 Sponsorship
- 7 Managers (partial list)
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Birth, promotion to First Division, Cup and League titles
Tigres de la UANL was founded on March 7, 1960. They previously were named the Jabatos de Nuevo León. In 1967, their venue, the Estadio Universitario was built. In the 1973-74 season, José "Ché" Gómez guided Tigres to the title and promotion to Primera División de México (Mexican First Division), now Liga MX. They defeated the Leones Negros de la Universidad de Guadalajara for 3-2. In the 1975-76, Tigres won their first domestic cup, the Copa México (now Copa MX), against Club América by 3-2.
Under the command of Uruguayan coach Carlos Miloc and players such as Tomás Boy and Geronimo Barbadillo, for the 1977-78 season Tigres aimed to the league championship. In the quarterfinals of the "liguilla" (playoffs), Tigres defeated Estudiantes Tecos by 1-0 and 3-2 (4-2). In the semifinals Tigres defeated Cruz Azul 0-1 and 3-0 (3-1). In the finals Tigres defeated Pumas UNAM by 2-0 and 1-1 (3-1). Tigres made their best season ever with 48 points in the 1978-79, but did not made it to the finals.
In 1980, Tigres became the league runner-ups after losing dramatically 4-3 to Cruz Azul in the Estadio Azteca. In 1982, Tigres won their second League championship against Atlante in the Estadio Azteca. In the quarterfinals, Tigres tied with C.D. Guadalajara 1-1 and 1-1 (2-2). In the semifinals Tigres defeated Club América 2-0 and 0-1 (2-1). In the finals Tigres tied 2-1 and 0-1 (2-2) against Atlante. Tigres won by penalty shoot-out ending 3-1 (5-3 global). In the 1983-1984, Tigres lost in quarterfinals against Pumas UNAM 1-0 ; 0-3 (1-3). In the 1986-1987, they lost in semifinals against Monarcas Morelia by 3-2 ; 0-2 (3-4). In the 1989-90 season, Tigres finished the tournament as the first place of their group with 40 points and went to "liguilla" (playoffs). They lost in quarterfinals by 3-2 and 1-3 (4-5) against Club Universidad de Guadalajara. In the 1992-93 season, Tigres achieved 44 points and went to playoffs. In the quarterfinals, they lost 0-2, 2-4 (2-6) against Club León.
Relegation, quick return to First Division, runner-ups
In 1996, after several years of ups and downs, Tigres won their second domestic cup, beating Atlas de Guadalajara by 2-1, but were relegated to Primera División A, now Ascenso MX, because of bad results of the past. Note that Mexico uses a percentage-based relegation system, in which the team with the worst performance percentage in three years (instead of the worst team in the season) is relegated. Under the command of Victor Manuel Vucetich, Tigres qualified for the playoffs in 1996 but because of the relegation they were unable to compete in the playoffs. After some negotiations, the administration of the team was given for 10 years to Sinergia Deportiva, a trust-holder run by CEMEX. In 1997, after two consecutive Primera División A championships, the team returned to the Primera División.
In the Invierno 2001 season, under the command of the experienced coach Ricardo Ferretti, Tigres finished the tournament as leader with 36 points. In the playoffs, Tigres beat Santos Laguna in the quarterfinals by 1-1 and 3-0 (4-1). In the semifinals, they tied with Cruz Azul 1-1 (0-1 and 1-0), and because of the 36 points that Tigres achieved in the tournament, Tigres went to the next stage. In the finals, Tigres lost 2-0 and 1-1 (3-1) against C.F. Pachuca in the Estadio Universitario. In the Clausura 2003, Tigres finished the tournament as the fourth place with 34 points, and went to playoffs. In the quarterfinals, Tigres defeated Toluca by 2-1 and 2-2 for an aggregate of 4-3. In the semifinals, Tigres lost against arch-rival C.F. Monterrey. In the first game Tigres lost by 4-1. In the second game, Tigres won by 2-1 for an aggregate of 5-3. After the loss, Ferretti was fired as the team coach. On the Apertura 2003, now under the command of Nery Pumpido (with a team that Ferretti build), Tigres finished the tournament as leader now with 38 points. In the playoffs, Tigres tied 1-0 and 1-2 (2-2) with Cruz Azul in the quarterfinals. In the semifinals, they beat Toluca 0-1 and 2-0 (2-1). In the finals, Tigres lost 1-3 and 1-0 (3-2) once more against C.F. Pachuca in the Estadio Universitario. In the Clausura 2004, striker Nestor Silvera finished the tournament as one of the top goal scorers, but Tigres ended in 12th place and missed the playoffs. That same tournament Tigres scored the biggest result in a Clásico Regiomontano, beating arch-rival C.F. Monterrey by 6-2.
In October 2004, Sinergia Deportiva purchased the rights to a franchise in the MISL called the "Monterrey Tigres". However, due to conflicts with the previous MISL franchise the "Monterrey Fury", the team elected not to complete the purchase of the team, and the MISL terminated the indoor franchise in December, 2004. In the Clausura 2005, Tigres went to playoffs and tied with Monarcas Morelia 2-2 and 2-2 (4-4) in the quarterfinals, and Morelia went to the next stage because of the points they achieved in the regular season.
In the Apertura 2005, Walter Gaitan ended up as the top scorer of the tournament and Tigres went to playoffs by ending in the 8th place. In the quarterfinals, under the command of the iconic Osvaldo Batocletti, Tigres played the historical “aztecazo”, that became a way to describe a difficult victory over Club América or the Mexico national football team in their venue, the Estadio Azteca. In the first game Tigres lost in the Estadio Universitario by 1-3. Against all odds, Tigres defeated América in the second game by 4-1, for an aggregate of 5-4, leaving América out of the playoffs. In the semifinals Tigres tied with arch-rival C.F. Monterrey by 1-0 and 1-2 (2-2). Monterrey went to the next level because of the points in the tournament.
On August 3, 2006, CEMEX, the company who controls Tigres, celebrated its first 100 years with a match between Tigres and FC Barcelona in Monterrey. The game ended with the locals losing by 3-0. Syndey Balderas of Tigres scored an own goal, Ronaldinho scored with a free kick and later passed to Eiður Guðjohnsen for a third goal.
On July 19, 2008, Tigres UANL played against Atletico de Madrid as their official presentation for the Apertura 2008 tournament. Atletico de Madrid opened the score with goals from John Heitinga and Diego Forlan for a sturdy 2-0 in favor of the Spanish side. Tigres responded well to this for Blas Pérez and Manuel Viniegra tied the game 2-2. In the Apertura 2008, Tigres finished the tournament in sixth place and went to playoffs. They tied in quarterfinals against Atlante by 1-1 and 1-1 (2-2). Atlante went to semifinals because they ended up in third place in the regular season.
Risk of relegation, third Ferretti era, Apertura 2011 champions
In 2010, Santiago Martinez presided over the team's worst season in the past few years. On March 27, 2010, after their 7th loss in the season, and with only 25% effectiveness, the fans and media heavily criticized coach Daniel Guzmán. Eventually, Martinez was fired and replaced by former Team President Alejandro Rodríguez, who signed Ricardo Ferretti as coach for the third time. After the arrival of Ricardo Ferretti on 2010, the face of the team changed completley. The team was saved from relegation and became one of the most competitive teams in the league. With the adherence of wingers Damián Álvarez, Danilinho and the striker Hector Mancilla to captain Lucas Lobos, the offensive line of Tigres became the so called "cuatro fantásticos" (fantastic four). On the Clausura 2011, Tigres finished the tournament as the leader with 35 points. In the playoffs, Tigres lost the quarterfinals against Guadalajara. On the Apertura 2011, Tigres, once more playing a protagonic role on the tournament, became the best defense allowing only 13 goals in 17 games. In the playoffs, Tigres defeated old rival Pachuca by 4-0 in quarterfinals. In the semifinals, Tigres beat Queretaro F.C. by 1-0. In the finals, Tigres faced Santos Laguna. In the first game, Tigres won 1-0 in Torreon with goal of Damian Alvarez. On December 11, 2011, with goals of Hector Mancilla, Alan Pulido and Danilinho, Tigres won 3-1 in the Estadio Universitario becoming champion for the third time after 29 years.
On the Clausura 2012, Tigres finished as the 5th place and went to playoffs. In the quarterfinals Tigres beat Monarcas Morelia 1-0 at the Estadio Universitario with goal of Mancilla, and 4-1 in Morelia with goals of Hugo Ayala, Edno, Lobos and Elias Hernandez, for an aggregate of 5-1. In semifinals, Tigres faced old rival Santos Laguna. In the first game, at the Estadio Universitario they tied 1-1 with goal of Lobos. In the second game, after almost 90 minutes of domain of Tigres, and winning 2-0 with two goals of Mancilla, Santos tied dramatically 2-2 with goals of Oribe Peralta in the 87' and 90'. With the aggregate of 3-3, Santos passed to the next phase because they ended as leaders of the regular season. Santos played the finals against Monterrey, avoiding an historical Clásico Regiomontano for the championship. In the Apertura 2012, Tigres dismissed Hector Mancilla and hired Spanish striker Luis García Fernández. Tigres lacked of offensive and defensive power and finished in the 12th place, missing the playoffs.
For the Clausura 2013, Tigres hired the experienced striker Emanuel Villa and Danilinho returned from his loan to Brazil, giving the team a highly offensive power. Tigres finished the regular season as the leader with 35 points and only 2 defeats in the regular season. One of their two defeats was against C.F. Monterrey. Monterrey did not qualify to playoffs, ending the regular season in the ninth place. Queretaro F.C. finished in eight place and was meant to be the rival of Tigres, but was relegated to Ascenso MX because of bad results from the past. So Monterrey was dragged to playoffs. In the away game of the playoffs, the Clasico 98, Monterrey defeated Tigres by 1-0 in the Estadio Tecnologico in a close game that Tigres controlled most of the time. In the second game, Tigres needed to win by 1-0, or by two goals of difference because of the away goals rule (3-1, 4-2, 5-3). Tigres came out aggressive and Danilinho scored a goal early in the game. Minutes later, with a game totally handled by Tigres, Israel Jimenez scored an own goal that tied the game 1-1, for an aggregate of 2-1. Tigres was eliminated from playoffs. For the Apertura 2013 tournament, Tigres hired the midfielders Guido Pizarro and Édgar Lugo. Finishing the tournament in eight place, the team acceded to playoffs. In the quarterfinals, the team faced Club América, leaders of the tournament and champions of the Clausura 2013. In the home game, at the Estadio Universitario, Tigres tied with América by 2-2, with goals of Guido Pizarro and Alan Pulido. In the away game, at the Estadio Azteca, the teams tied by 1-1, leaving Tigres out of the playoffs. For the Clausura 2014 tournament, Tigres hired winger Hernán Darío Burbano, defender Jorge Iván Estrada and striker Emanuel Herrera.
InterLiga, SuperLiga, Copa Libertadores and CONCACAF Champions League
In January 2005, the team won the InterLiga Championship in Houston, Texas. With this, they qualified for the prestigious Copa Libertadores de América. This was the first time the team qualified to any international tournament.
In the Copa Libertadores Tigres played their first ever game in that tournament against Alianza Lima in Peru on February 15, 2005 (away, score: 0-0) and May 3, 2005 (home, score: 0-0). Their first ever win on the tournament, on February 23, 2005, against Caracas FC, from Venezuela (home, score: 3-1), and on April 13, 2005 (away, score: 2-5). This last game is the biggest-scoring game the team has had in its history on the tournament. In the same group was also the Club Atlético Banfield. Tigres confronted them on March 15 (home, score: 2-2) and on April 6, 2005 (away, score: 0-3).
Tigres qualified (along with Banfield) into the next stage, where they met against previous year champion colombian team Once Caldas. On May 19, 2005, both teams tied (away, score: 1-1) and then, Tigres won on the second game on May 26, 2005 (home, score: 2-1) thus qualifying to quarterfinals against São Paulo, who later went on to become champion, and who only lost a match in this tournament against this team.
On Quarterfinals, the first game on June 1, 2005 was lost (away, score: 0-4) and the next game on June 15, 2005 was won (home, score: 2-1). The aggregate score was 5-2 against, and the team was eliminated from the championship. With Tigres, Hugo Sánchez became the first person born in Monterrey to ever score in the tournament.
In January 2006, after defeating their arch-rival, Monterrey, at the Home Depot Center in California, Tigres won their second consecutive Interliga and became the first Mexican team to qualify to two consecutive Copa Libertadores de América.
This was a tougher group stage than they had last year, and was one of the toughest in the tournament. However, Tigres qualifyied for the next round, but only by goal-difference advantage, and after a last minute goal by Carlos Ramírez.
Because of its intensity, this group staged produced a lot of memorable games, particularly against Universidad Católica and against Corinthians at home and away. Tigres ended second in the group due to goal difference advantage, in a last minute goal against U. Católica, and so qualified again for playoffs.
In summary, Tigres played 8 games, and produced 3 wins, 3 ties, and two defeats.
This performance at the beginning was considerably lacking, and it produced its first penalty kicks experience in Copa Libertadores.
After finishing 3rd in the regular season of the Apertura 2011 Tournament, they returned after a 6 year absence to the 2012 Copa Libertadores, playing in the first stage. Tigres played home and away qualifying matches against Chile's Unión Española. They played the first match in Chile, on January 25, 2012 at 6:50pm local time (3:50pm CST). Unión Española took the first game by a score of 1-0, scoring at the 58th minute, after Tigres sent a reserve squad to play the match. They hosted their Chilean rival on February 2, 2012, at 8:00pm CST. They tied 2-2 and failed to qualify for the Group Stage. Coach Ricardo Ferretti was critized by the media and fans for sending a reserve squad to play the matches.
After the championship of the Apertura 2011, Tigres qualified for the first time to the CONCACAF Champions League. They lost in quarterfinals against Seattle Sounders by 1-0, 3-1, for an aggregate of 2-3. Ferretti was critized again for sending a reserve squad to play the second match against the Sounders like he did in the Copa Libertadores.
Since the club's founding in 1960, the colours used by the team have been light gold and dark blue. In the home jersey, light gold is always predominant than dark blue, but in the away jersey is the opposite, the dark blue is predominant. The third colour has been inconsistent, sometimes presented as black, white, red, green, copper or dark gold.
Tigres' biggest rival is C.F. Monterrey. This rivalry is called Clásico Regiomontano. On every Clásico the stadium is sold out as soon as tickets go on sale. Tigres and Monterrey played their first Clásico on July 13, 1974 in the Estadio Universitario, with a draw 1–1. Tigres also have a strong rivalry with Santos Laguna and recently with Club América.
Tigres sells out all of their home games regardless of weather conditions and the teams' status. Over 40,000 of the team fans count with a personal annual ticket to all of the home games, difficulting the free sale. After its relegation to Ascenso MX on 1996, fans supported for a year until the team returned to Liga MX. Its fan base expands to states such as Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz and Texas. Tigres claims to have Mexico's most loyal supporting crowd. Their fans are the best known travelling support group due to the thousands of members chanting for the team in the away games. Recently, on March 9, 2013, over 23,000 fans of Tigres traveled to the city of San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí to support the team in a game against San Luis F.C. at the Estadio Alfonso Lastras.
Season to season
- Has Played 7 2nd Division Tournaments last in 1974.
- Has Played 2 Primera A Tournaments last in 1997.
- Has Played 53 Mexican Primera División Tournaments so far.
- 1977-78, 1981-82, Apertura 2011
- Copa México: 2
- 1975-76, 1995-96
- Invierno 1996, Verano 1997
- Interliga: 2
- 2005, 2006
- Mexico's Under-20 Tournament: 1
- SuperLiga: 1
- 2007, 2008
- Serie Mundial de Futbol: 1
- Copa Chiapas: 1
- Copa Cani: 1
- As of 2 January 2014.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
For recent transfers, see List of Mexican football transfers winter 2013–14.
- Official shirt sponsors - Cemex (Cemento Monterrey), Powerade, The Home Depot, Carta Blanca, Telcel, Banamex
- Official shirt manufacturer - Adidas
- Official Beer - Carta Blanca
- Official Sports Drink - Powerade
Managers (partial list)
- Víctor Manuel Vucetich (July 1, 1995–June 30, 1996)
- Miguel Mejía Barón (1999)
- Víctor Manuel Vucetich (Sept 17, 1999–June 30, 2000)
- Ricardo Ferretti (July 1, 2000–June 30, 2003)
- Nery Pumpido (July 1, 2003–Nov 15, 2004)
- Leonardo Álvarez (Jan 2005–Dec 05)
- Ricardo Ferretti (Jan 1, 2006–June 30, 2006)
- José Luis Trejo (July 1, 2006–Oct 1, 2006)
- Mario Carrillo (Oct 6, 2006–June 30, 2007)
- Américo Gallego (July 1, 2007–Feb 13, 2008)
- Manuel Lapuente (Feb 14, 2008–Feb 22, 2009)
- José Pekerman (Feb 24, 2009–June 30, 2009)
- Daniel Guzmán (July 1, 2009–June 30, 2010)
- Ricardo Ferretti (July 1, 2010–)
- "Historia del Equipo". www.tigres.com.mx. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Estadio Universitario". www.tigres.com.mx. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
- "Squad profiles". Tigres UANL. Retrieved 2 January 2014.