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For the butterfly genus, see Tigridia acesta.
Tigridia pavonia flower.jpg
Tigridia pavonia in Mexico
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Tigridieae
Genus: Tigridia
Type species
Tigridia pavonia
(L.f.) Redouté

See text.

  • Ainea Ravenna
  • Beatonia Herb.
  • Cardiostigma Baker
  • Colima (Ravenna) Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat.
  • Fosteria Molseed
  • Hydrotaenia Lindl.
  • Pardinia Herb.
  • Rigidella Lindl.

Tigridia /tˈɡrɪdiə/,[2] the tiger-flowers or shell flowers, is a genus of bulbous or cormous plants, belonging to the family Iridaceae. They have large showy flowers and one species, Tigridia pavonia, is often cultivated for this. The approximately thirty five species in this family grow in the Western Hemisphere, from Mexico to Chile. The tigridia flower is short lived, each often blooming for only one day, but often several flowers will bloom from the same stalk. Usually they are dormant during the winter dry-season. Its roots are edible and were eaten by the Aztecs of Mexico who called it cacomitl and its flower ocēlōxōchitl "Jaguar flower". The genus name means "tiger-like" and alludes to the coloration and spotting of the flowers of the type species Tigridia pavonia.[3]

Species of Tigridia include:[4]


  1. ^ WCSP 2014. World Checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014-1-16.
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 253–56. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 
  4. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All plant Species". Retrieved 16 January 2014.