Tigridia

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For the butterfly genus, see Tigridia acesta.
Tigridia
Tigridia pavonia flower.jpg
Tigridia pavonia in Mexico
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Tigridieae
Genus: Tigridia
Juss.
Type species
Tigridia pavonia
(L.f.) Redouté
Synonyms[1]
  • Ainea Ravenna
  • Beatonia Herb.
  • Cardiostigma Baker
  • Colima (Ravenna) Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat.
  • Fosteria Molseed
  • Hydrotaenia Lindl.
  • Pardinia Herb.
  • Rigidella Lindl.

Tigridia /tˈɡrɪdiə/,[2] the tiger-flowers or shell flowers, is a genus of bulbous or cormous plants, belonging to the family Iridaceae. They have large showy flowers and one species, Tigridia pavonia, is often cultivated for this. The approximately thirty five species in this family grow in the Western Hemisphere, from Mexico to Chile.[1] The tigridia flower is short lived, each often blooming for only one day, but often several flowers will bloom from the same stalk. Usually they are dormant during the winter dry-season. Its roots are edible and were eaten by the Aztecs of Mexico who called it cacomitl and its flower ocēlōxōchitl "Jaguar flower". The genus name means "tiger-like" and alludes to the coloration and spotting of the flowers of the type species Tigridia pavonia.[3][4][5][6]

Species[1]
  1. Tigridia albicans Ravenna - Tacna Province in Peru
  2. Tigridia alpestris Molseed - Mexico
  3. Tigridia amatlanensis Aarón Rodr. & García-Mend - Oaxaca
  4. Tigridia augusta Drapiez - central + southern Mexico
  5. Tigridia bicolor Molseed - Oaxaca
  6. Tigridia catarinensis Cruden - San Luis Potosí
  7. Tigridia chiapensis Molseed ex Cruden - Chiapas
  8. Tigridia chrysantha Cruden & S.J.Walker ex McVaugh - Jalisco
  9. Tigridia convoluta (Ravenna) Goldblatt - Oaxaca
  10. Tigridia conzattii (R.C.Foster) Goldblatt - Oaxaca
  11. Tigridia dugesii S.Watson - Jalisco
  12. Tigridia durangense Molseed ex Cruden - Durango
  13. Tigridia ehrenbergii (Schltdl.) Molseed - Mexico
  14. Tigridia estelae López-Ferr. & Espejo - Durango
  15. Tigridia flammea (Lindl.) Ravenna - Michoacán
  16. Tigridia galanthoides Molseed - southern Mexico
  17. Tigridia gracielae Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - México State
  18. Tigridia hallbergii Molseed - central + southern Mexico, Guatemala
  19. Tigridia hintonii Molseed - Guerrero
  20. Tigridia huajuapanensis Molseed ex Cruden - Oaxaca
  21. Tigridia huyanae (J.F.Macbr.) Ravenna - Lima Province in Peru
  22. Tigridia illecebrosa Cruden - central + southern Mexico
  23. Tigridia immaculata (Herb.) Ravenna - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala
  24. Tigridia inusitata (Cruden) Ravenna - Guerrero
  25. Tigridia mariaetrinitatis Espejo & López-Ferr. - Oaxaca
  26. Tigridia martinezii Calderón - Hidalgo
  27. Tigridia matudae Molseed - México State
  28. Tigridia meleagris (Lindl.) G.Nicholson - central + southern Mexico, Guatemala
  29. Tigridia mexicana Molseed - central + southern Mexico
  30. Tigridia minuta Ravenna - Apurímac + Ayacucho Provinces in Peru
  31. Tigridia molseediana Ravenna - Oaxaca, Guatemala
  32. Tigridia mortonii Molseed - México State
  33. Tigridia multiflora (Baker) Ravenna - central + southern Mexico
  34. Tigridia oaxacana (Molseed) Goldblatt - Oaxaca
  35. Tigridia orthantha (Lem.) Ravenna - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala
  36. Tigridia pavonia (L.f.) Redouté - widespread across much of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras; naturalized in Peru, Ecuador, Madeira
  37. Tigridia pearcei (Baker) Ravenna - Huánuco region in Peru
  38. Tigridia philippiana I.M.Johnst. - Tarapacá + Antofagasta Provinces in Chile
  39. Tigridia potosina López-Ferr. & Espejo - San Luis Potosí
  40. Tigridia pugana Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - Jalisco
  41. Tigridia pulchella B.L.Rob. - Jalisco, Michoacán
  42. Tigridia purpusii Molseed - Puebla
  43. Tigridia purruchucana (Herb.) Ravenna - Lima Province in Peru
  44. Tigridia raimondii Ravenna - Arequipa Province in Peru
  45. Tigridia rzedowskiana Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - Querétaro
  46. Tigridia seleriana (Loes.) Ravenna - Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala
  47. Tigridia suarezii Aarón Rodr. & Ortiz-Cat. - Jalisco
  48. Tigridia tepoxtlana Ravenna - Morelos
  49. Tigridia vanhouttei(Baker) Espejo & López-Ferr - central + northeastern Mexico
  50. Tigridia venusta Cruden - Michoacán
  51. Tigridia violacea Schiede ex Schltdl. - central + southern Mexico

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c WCSP 2014. World Checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014-1-16.
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 253–56. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 
  4. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  5. ^ Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín
  6. ^ Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1952. Iridaceae. In Flora of Guatemala - Part III. Fieldiana, Botany 24(3): 159–178