Tijuana Municipality, Baja California

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Tijuana Municipality
Municipio de Tijuana
Municipality of Tijuana
Coat of arms of Tijuana Municipality
Coat of arms
Motto: The Homeland Starts Here
Location of Tijuana in Baja California.
Location of Tijuana in Baja California.
Coordinates: 32°32′N 117°3′W / 32.533°N 117.050°W / 32.533; -117.050Coordinates: 32°32′N 117°3′W / 32.533°N 117.050°W / 32.533; -117.050
Country United Mexican States
State Baja California
Municipal seat Tijuana
Largest city Tijuana
Municipality established December 29, 1953[1]
 • Municipal president Carlos Bustamante Anchondo (PRI)
 • Total 879.2 km2 (339.5 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,559,683
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
  Data source: INEGI
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
INEGI code 004
Website (Spanish) Ayuntamiento de Tijuana
Source: Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Tijuana Municipality is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. Its municipal seat is located in the city of Tijuana. According to the 2010 census, the municipality had a population of 1,559,683 inhabitants, of whom 1,300,983, or 83.4%, lived in the city of Tijuana. Carlos Bustamante Anchondo of the PRI is the current municipal president. Most notably, residents from Tijuana city, which barely budged in population, moved to the municipality in the 5 years preceding the 2010 Census, indeed the non-city portion has gained over 140,000 residents. Much of this historic movement could be explained by the drug violence, as residents seek isolated suburban communities outside city limits to escape it. The municipality comprises the largest part of the Tijuana metropolitan area.

Tijuana is bordered to the south by the municipalities of Rosarito Beach and Ensenada; to the east, by the municipality of Tecate; to the west, by the Pacific Ocean; and to the north, by the international border with the United States, specifically the County of San Diego, California. The area of the municipality of Tijuana is 879.2 km² (339.46 sq mi); the municipality includes part of the Coronado Islands, located off the coast of the municipality in the Pacific Ocean.

The city of Tijuana's precise location is 32°32′05″N 117°02′37″W / 32.53472°N 117.04361°W / 32.53472; -117.04361. It lies just south of San Diego, California. The adjacent city and former borough of Tijuana is Rosarito Beach.


The municipality of Tijuana is divided into nine administrative boroughs, or Delegaciones. The Tijuana metropolitan area occupies all of borough seats. The boroughs are in turn divided into colonias or ejidos. These boroughs offer administrative services such as urban planning, civil registry, inspection, verification, public works and community development and are served by a delegado.

Major cities[edit]

The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:[4]

Name 2010 Census Population
Tijuana 1,300,983
El Refugio 36,400
Pórticos de San Antonio 34,232
La Joya 26,860
Terrazas del Valle 20,421
Villa del Prado Segunda Sección 18,226
Las Delicias 15,486
Villa del Campo 13,906
Villa del Prado 12,303
El Niño 8,999
San Luis 8,571
Maclovio Rojas 7,279
Quinta del Cedro 5,704
Parajes del Valle 3,595
Lomas del Valle 3,352
Los Valles 3,135
Total Municipality 1,559,683


  1. ^ (Spanish) pp. 78–79, La Transformación de Baja California en Estado, 1931–1952, Lawrence Douglas Taylor Hansen, Estudios Fronterizos, 1, #1 (Jan-June 2000), UABC, Mexicali, pp. 47–87.
  2. ^ Map website of the Tijuana City Government
  3. ^ "Bourough of Playas de Tijuana". City of Tijuana. Retrieved July 21, 2011. 
  4. ^ 2010 census tables: INEGI

External links[edit]