Tila, Chiapas

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Tila
Municipality
Tila is located in Mexico
Tila
Tila
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 17°18′N 92°26′W / 17.300°N 92.433°W / 17.300; -92.433Coordinates: 17°18′N 92°26′W / 17.300°N 92.433°W / 17.300; -92.433
Country  Mexico
State Chiapas
Area
 • Total 272.4 sq mi (705.5 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 71,432

Tila is a town and one of the 119 Municipalities of Chiapas, in southern Mexico.

As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 71,432,[1] up from 58,153 in 2005.[2] It covers an area of 705.5 km².

As of 2010, the town of Tila had a population of 7,164.[1] Other than the town of Tila, the municipality had 160 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) were Petalcingo (6,775), Nueva Esperanza (4,059), and El Limar (2,908), all classified as urban, and Chulum Juárez (2,137), Tocob Leglemal (2,067), Nuevo Limar (1,974), Shoctic (1,717), Usipa (1,450), Cantioc (1,426), Joljá (1,303), Chulum Cárdenas (1,126), Jolsibaquil (1,103), Misija (1,087), and Unión Juárez (1,012), classified as rural.[1]

Foundation[edit]

Tila was founded in 1564 by Fray Pedro Lorenzo de la Nada. In 1677 was a parish, and the documents of that time express the abuses of a Catholic priest, Father Cuevas, "a man with racist frustrations" who physically punished the indigenous inhabitants. In 1712 there was organized in Tila an uprising against the Spanish Authorities because of tax policies. In July 1829 the governor Emeterio Pineda granted Tila the category of "Villa". The postal service was founded in 1833. In 1920 there were made formalities that lasted for 10 years in Mexico and in Tuxtla Gutierrez to create in Tila the category of "ejidos" or communal land. In 1930 Tila became an Ejido of Chiapas. Since then on there coexists in Tila two main authorities, represented by the Commissioner Ejidal and by the municipal president. In the year 2005 there was a conflict by representatives of both authorities that divided the Tila between "ejiditarios" (indigenous owners of communal lands) and "pobladores" (new mestizo people who bought plots of land from former indigenous owners).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tila". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Tila". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal Gobierno del Estado de Chiapas. Retrieved August 10, 2008. 

Boletín del Archivo Histórico Diocesano. San Cristóbal de las Casas, September 1997.