Tilichiki

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Tilichiki (English)
Тиличики (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
Tilichiki is located in Kamchatka Krai
Tilichiki
Tilichiki
Location of Tilichiki in Kamchatka Krai
Coordinates: 60°26′00″N 166°02′55″E / 60.43333°N 166.04861°E / 60.43333; 166.04861Coordinates: 60°26′00″N 166°02′55″E / 60.43333°N 166.04861°E / 60.43333; 166.04861
Administrative status (as of March 2010)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kamchatka Krai
Administrative district Olyutorsky District[1]
Administrative center of Olyutorsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2007)
Municipal district Olyutorsky Municipal District[2]
Rural settlement Tilichiki Rural Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Tilichiki Rural Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 1,744 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[4]
Founded 1898[citation needed]
Dialing code(s) +7 41544[citation needed]

Tilichiki (Russian: Тили́чики) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Olyutorsky District of Koryak Okrug of Kamchatka Krai, Russia.[1] It is located on the Korfa Bay of the Kamchatka Peninsula.

History[edit]

Tilichiki was established in 1898, and in 1930 it became the administrative center of the district.[citation needed] In April 2006, it was struck by a series of earthquakes which caused substantial damage. The first quake occurred on April 21 and had a magnitude of 7.6. The epicenter was nearly 90 kilometers (56 mi) to the northeast at a depth of 22 kilometers (14 mi) under mostly unpopulated areas. This was followed by several aftershocks, and on April 29 a further earth tremor with a magnitude of 6.6 was recorded. This was the strongest earthquake in the region for over a hundred years, and although there were no fatalities, three of the smaller localities were completely destroyed.[5]

Tilichiki was re-built after the quake, as it is the most important populated place for more than 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) of coast between Anadyr in the north and Ust-Kamchatsk in the south.

Geography and climate[edit]

Tilichiki lies in the northeast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, on the shores of the Skrytaya Harbor, separated by a narrow spit from the northern part of the Korfa Bay in the Bering Sea.

In 1995, a large natural reserve of some 300,000 hectares (740,000 acres) was created.

Korf and Tilichiki have a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) though owing to their maritime location the winters are not so severe as at the same latitude in interior Siberia—for instance the mean temperature of the coldest month is less severe than in Olyokminsk at the same latitude near the Pole of Cold. Precipitation also shows the pronounced maritime influence, with annual averages being typical of Kamchatka and around three or four times those of interior Siberia at the same latitude. The heavier snow cover and milder winter temperatures mean that in spite of the mean temperature of the warmest month not reaching beyond +12.5 °C (54.5 °F), permafrost is only discontinuous. Strong winds, however, limit tree growth severely.

Climate data for Korf/Tilichiki (1979-1994)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
7.2
(45)
7.2
(45)
10.0
(50)
17.2
(63)
28.9
(84)
28.9
(84)
25.0
(77)
21.1
(70)
12.2
(54)
10.0
(50)
7.2
(45)
28.9
(84)
Average high °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−12.2
(10)
−8.9
(16)
−3.3
(26.1)
3.9
(39)
10.6
(51.1)
15.6
(60.1)
15.6
(60.1)
10.6
(51.1)
1.1
(34)
−6.1
(21)
−10.6
(12.9)
0.6
(33.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−15.3
(4.5)
−12.5
(9.5)
−7
(19)
0.8
(33.4)
7.5
(45.5)
12.5
(54.5)
12.2
(54)
7.2
(45)
−1.9
(28.6)
−9.5
(14.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
−2.8
(27)
Average low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−16.1
(3)
−10.6
(12.9)
−2.2
(28)
4.4
(39.9)
9.4
(48.9)
8.9
(48)
3.9
(39)
−5
(23)
−12.8
(9)
−17.8
(0)
−6.1
(21)
Record low °C (°F) −42.2
(−44)
−43.9
(−47)
−37.8
(−36)
−30
(−22)
−17.8
(0)
−2.8
(27)
2.2
(36)
0.0
(32)
−5
(23)
−18.9
(−2)
−31.1
(−24)
−37.8
(−36)
−43.9
(−47)
Precipitation mm (inches) 59.7
(2.35)
37.1
(1.461)
52.3
(2.059)
62.0
(2.441)
71.6
(2.819)
56.4
(2.22)
100.4
(3.953)
105.9
(4.169)
79.3
(3.122)
75.4
(2.969)
84.1
(3.311)
92.0
(3.622)
876.2
(34.496)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.7 5.5 4.8 4.5 5.2 5.2 8.8 10.0 7.5 7.5 7.1 6.4 79.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.9 104.5 186.0 219.0 210.8 216.0 189.1 176.7 150.0 117.8 66.0 27.9 1,722.7
Source #1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial [6]
Source #2: allmetsat.com (sunshine only)[7]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Industries include fishing and potato and vegetable farming, sometimes in greenhouses.

Transportation[edit]

The Tilichiki Airport is located to the south of Tilichiki, and it is also connected by ferry service to the port of Korf.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #46, Article 5.6
  2. ^ a b c Law #339-oz, Article 1
  3. ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ United States Geological Survey. Earthquake details
  6. ^ "RUSSIA - KORF/TILICHIKI" (PDF). Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. May 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  7. ^ "Korf, Russia" (PDF). allmetsat.com. October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Камчатского края. Закон №46 от 29 апреля 2008 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Камчатского края», в ред. Закона №279 от 2 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 5 и 15 Закона Камчатского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Камчатского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Официальные Ведомости", №65-69, 6 мая 2008 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kamchatka Krai. Law #46 of April 29, 2008 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kamchatka Krai, as amended by the Law #279 of July 2, 2013 On Amending Articles 5 and 15 of the Law of Kamchatka Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kamchatka Krai". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Дума Корякского автономного округа. Закон №339-оз от 9 ноября 2004 г. «О территории и границах муниципального образования "Олюторский муниципальный район"», в ред. Закона №211 от 4 марта 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Корякского автономного округа и Камчатского края и о признании утратившими силу отдельных законодательных актов Корякского автономного округа и Камчатского края в связи с упразднением сельского поселения "село Корф"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Народовластие", №95, 24 ноября 2004 г. (Duma of Koryak Autonomous Okrug. Law #339-oz of November 9, 2004 On the Territory and the Borders of the Municipal Formation of "Olyutorsky Municipal District", as amended by the Law #211 of March 4, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of Koryak Autonomous Okrug and Kamchatka Krai and on Abrogating Various Legislative Acts of Koryak Autonomous Okrug and Kamchatka Krai Due to the Abolition of the Rural Settlement of the "Selo of Korf". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).