Tillabéri Region

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Tillabéri
Region
Location within Niger
Location within Niger
Coordinates: 14°13′N 1°27′E / 14.217°N 1.450°E / 14.217; 1.450Coordinates: 14°13′N 1°27′E / 14.217°N 1.450°E / 14.217; 1.450
Country  Niger
Capital Tillabéri
Government
 • Governor Youssoufa Mamadou Maiga (2011-Present)
Area
 • Total 89,623 km2 (34,604 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 2,572,125
 • Density 29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zone West Africa Time (UTC+1)

Tillabéri (var. Tillabéry) is an administrative Region in Niger; the capital of the Region is Tillabéri. Tillabéri Region was created in 1992, when Niamey Region was split, with the area immediately outside Niamey renamed as the capital district.[2]

Geography[edit]

The region of Tillabéri is bounded to the north by the Republic of Mali, to the east by the regions of Tahoua and Dosso, to the south by Benin and to the west by Burkina Faso. The urban community of Niamey is landlocked by the region as well. The region has a large network of watershed including the Niger river and several seasonal (known as Gorouol, Sirba) and permanent (known as Mékrou, Tapoa) watercourses. The W National Park of Niger is located in the extreme south of the region and extends to Burkina Faso and Benin. The northwestern part of the region (Ouallam and Filingué) have a savannah type flaura and fona.

Climate[edit]

The region has a hot and relatively humid climate with 540 mm of rainfall in Niamey. However it does not receive a drop of rain for over four months a year, and rainfall is erratic.

Divisions and borders[edit]

Departments of Tillabéri

Tillabéri is divided into 6 departments:

Tillabéri has the following foreign borders, including Niger's only border with Burkina Faso:

Domestically, it borders the following departments:

Tillabéri also surrounds the capital district of Niamey.

Economy[edit]

The economy of the region of Tillabéri is based primary on agriculture, livestock and fishery production. However, Tillabéri is rich in mineral resources (gold and iron ore) and increasingly becoming attractive for future mining investments. In 2004, the first gold mine in Téra began operation. In addition, the region of Tillabéri has great touristic potential with W Park, the Niger river and many more attractions.

Agriculture, livestock and fishery[edit]

Based on data from the National Statistics Institute of Niger, The region of Tillaberi is 1st producer of riz (5700 tonnes), 5th for sorghum (40900 tonnes), 5th for millet (399400 tonnes), 3rd for corn (1100 tonnes), 5th for Black-eyed pea (153000 tonnes) and 5th in peanut (2400 tonnes) in 2011 among regions.[3] It is also an important livestock producer and the 1st producer of cattle with recorded 2087 thousand cattle heads in 2011.[4] Although the Niger river is crossing through this region, it is only the 3rd producer of fishery products with 637 thousand tonnes in 2011.[5]

Mineral mining[edit]

The region of Tillabéri is home to the Samira Hill Gold Mine in Tera. In addition to gold, the region is rich in iron ore with estimated reserves of 650 million tonnes in Say.[6]

Gold mining[edit]

Main article: Samira Hill Gold Mine

In 2004, long well-known gold deposits in Téra resulted in the first gold mine in Niger, the Samira Hill Gold Mine. The mine was partly owned by the government of Niger (20%) and a Canadian/Moroccan consortia.

Tourism[edit]

Elephnats in W Park

The region of Tillabéri has many tourist sites. One of these sites is the W National Park of Niger which is classified as a World Heritage by UNESCO. The park which is co-managed by with Benin and Burkina Faso, offers a wide variety of fona and flora on side located in Niger. There are 15 touristic sites in the region according to Government publications: 5 in Flingué, 4 in Kollo, 2 in Ouallam, 1 in Say, 2 in Téra and 1 in Tillabéri. The region has a modest hospitality infrastructure with only 2 4 star hotels and 137 rooms (42 rooms for the 4 star hotels).[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuaire statistique du Niger
  2. ^ According to Statsoid: "~1992: Tillabéry Region split from Niamey (whose FIPS code was NG05 before the change). Status of Niamey changed from Region to capital district."
  3. ^ Annuaire statistique du Niger - Agriculture
  4. ^ Annuaire statistique du Niger - Eleveage
  5. ^ Annuaire statistique du Niger - Peche
  6. ^ Niger Mining
  7. ^ - Tillaberi